1. bookVolume 18 (2018): Issue 4 (December 2018)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-0929
First Published
19 Oct 2012
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Electrospinning – 100 Years of Investigations and Still Open Questions of Web Structure Estimination

Published Online: 07 Dec 2018
Page range: 398 - 404
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-0929
First Published
19 Oct 2012
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The article presents an overview of electrospinning process development from the first investigations in the field of behaviour of liquids in an electrostatic field to the electrospinning methods and investigations in the 21st century. The article presents the history of electrospinning process development, the main problems that are solved, and also indicates the gaps in the field of standardisation of nanofibrous web structure measurement and estimation. There are a lot of works in which authors analyse influences of various parameters on the electrospinning process or on the structure of electrospun web, whereas the majority of them do not analyse the quality of structure using mathematical criteria. Such a situation leads to different conclusions and makes it impossible to compare various works by different authors. Despite numerous studies in electrospinning, investigations in the electrospun nanofibrous web estimation are not sufficient. Until now, a unique standard method for measuring and estimating the fibre diameter and web porosity has not been developed. The necessity of such a method and standards is obvious, and the lack of such a standard could have a negative influence on the electrospun product introduction into the market.

Keywords

[1] Taylor G., The Force Exerted by an Electric Field on a Long Cylindrical Conductor, Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 291 (1425): 145–158.10.1098/rspa.1966.0085Search in Google Scholar

[2] Gilbert W., On the Magnet and Magnetic Bodies, and on That Great Magnet the Earth: book. London, Peter Short, 1600.Search in Google Scholar

[3] Tucker N., et al. The history of the science and technology of electrospinning from 1600 to 1995. Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, 63-73, 2012, 7(July – 2012).10.1177/155892501200702S10Search in Google Scholar

[4] Andrady L., A. Science and technology of polymer nanofibers:book. Usa, A John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2008.10.1002/9780470229842Search in Google Scholar

[5] Strutt J. W. (RAYLEIGH LORD). On the instability of jets. Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society., Vol. 1s-10, 4-13, November 1878.10.1112/plms/s1-10.1.4Search in Google Scholar

[6] Strutt J. W. (RAYLEIGH LORD). On the capillary phenomena of jets. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Royal Society Publishing, Vol. 29, 71-97, January 1879a.10.1098/rspl.1879.0015Search in Google Scholar

[7] Strutt J. W. (RAYLEIGH LORD). The influence of electricity on colliding water drops. Proceedings of the royal society of London. Royal Society Publishing, Vol 28, 404-409, January 1879b.10.1098/rspl.1878.0146Search in Google Scholar

[8] Strutt J. W. (RAYLEIGH LORD). On the equilibrium of liquid conducting masses charged with electricity. Philosophical magazine Series 5. 14(87), 184-186, 1882.10.1080/14786448208628425Search in Google Scholar

[9] Cooley J.F., Patent GB 06385 “Improved methods of and apparatus for electrically separating the relatively volatile liquid component from the component of relatively fixed substances of composite fluids” 19th May 1900.Search in Google Scholar

[10] Cooley J. F., Apparatus for electrically dispersing fluids. U.S. 692631 A. 1902-0204. United States Patent Office.Search in Google Scholar

[11] Morton W. J., Method of dispersing fluids. US 705691A. 1902-07-39. United States Patent Office.Search in Google Scholar

[12] Zeleny J., The discharge of electricity from pointed conductors. The Physical Review, Vol. 26, 129-54, February 1908.10.1103/PhysRevSeriesI.26.129Search in Google Scholar

[13] Zeleny J., The electrical discharge from liquid points, and a hydrostatic method of measuring electrical intensity at their surfaces. The Physical Review, Vol. 3, 69-91, February 1914.10.1103/PhysRev.3.69Search in Google Scholar

[14] Hagiwara K., Process for manufacturing artificial silk and other filaments by applying electric current. US 1699615 A. 1929-01-22. Japan Patent Office.Search in Google Scholar

[15] Formhals A., Artificial fiber construction. US 2109333 A. 1938-02-22. United States Patent Office.Search in Google Scholar

[16] Formhals A., Artificial thread and method of producing same. US 2187306 A. 1940-01-16. United States Patent Office.Search in Google Scholar

[17] Formhals A., Method of producing artificial fibers. US 2158415 A. 1939-05-16. United States Patent Office.Search in Google Scholar

[18] Formhals A., Process and apparatus for preparing artificial threads. US 1975504 A. 1934-10-02. United States Patent Office.Search in Google Scholar

[19] Formhals A., Production of artificial fibers from fiber forming liquids. US 2323025 A. 1943-01-29. United States Patent Office.Search in Google Scholar

[20] Formhals A., Production of artificial fibers. US 2077373 A. 1937-04-13. United States Patent Office.Search in Google Scholar

[21] Thandavamoorthy S., et al., Electrospinning of nanofibers. Applied polymer. Vol.: 96 2005: pp. 557 – 569.10.1002/app.21481Search in Google Scholar

[22] Norton C. L., Method and apparatus for producing fibrous or filamentary material. US 2048651 A. 1936-07-21.. United States Patent Office.Search in Google Scholar

[23] www.electrospintech.comSearch in Google Scholar

[24] Drozin V. G., The electrical dispersion of liquids as aerosols. Journal of Colloid Science., 10(2), 158-164, 1955.10.1016/0095-8522(55)90022-2Search in Google Scholar

[25] Vonnegut B., and R. L. Neubauer, Production of monodisperse liquid particles by electrical atomization. Journal of Colloid Science, 7(6), 616-622, 1952.10.1016/0095-8522(52)90043-3Search in Google Scholar

[26] Taylor G., Disintegration of water drops in an electric field. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series a Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Vol. 280, 383-97, July 1964.10.1098/rspa.1964.0151Search in Google Scholar

[27] Baumgarten P. K., Electrostatic spinning of acrylic microfibers. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 36(1), 71-79, 1971.10.1016/0021-9797(71)90241-4Search in Google Scholar

[28] Larrondo L., and R. ST J. Manley, Electrostatic fiber spinning from polymer melts. I. Experimental observations on fiber formation and properties. Journal of Polymer Science: Polymer Physics Edition, 19(6), 909-920, 1981.10.1002/pol.1981.180190601Search in Google Scholar

[29] Doshi J., Reneker D. H., Electrospinning process and applications of electrospun fibers. Journal of Electrostatics, 35(2-3), 151-160, 1995.10.1016/0304-3886(95)00041-8Search in Google Scholar

[30] Jirsak O., et al., Method of nanofibres production from a polymer solution using electrostatic spinning and a device for carrying out the method. US 7585437 B2. 200409-08. United States Patent Office.Search in Google Scholar

[31] www.elmarco.ltSearch in Google Scholar

[32] Patanaik A., et al., Nanotechnology in Fibrous Materials – a New Perspective. Textile Progress, Vol.39, no. 2, p. 67 – 120, 2007.10.1080/00405160701407176Search in Google Scholar

[33] Reznik S. N., et al., Transient and steady shapes of droplets attached to a surface in a strong electric field. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 516: 349–377, 2004.10.1017/S0022112004000679Search in Google Scholar

[34] Hohman M. M., et al., Electrospinning and electrically forced jets. I. Stability theory. Physics of Fluids, 13 (8): 2201, 2001.10.1063/1.1383791Search in Google Scholar

[35] Zeng J., Microfabrication in electrospun nanofibers by electrical discharges. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 166(2):214–8, 2011.10.1016/j.sna.2009.12.033Search in Google Scholar

[36] Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Lithuanian and Czech propolis.Search in Google Scholar

[37] Zeng J.,, et al. Biodegradable electrospun fibers for drug delivery. Journal of Controlled Release, 92(3):227–31, 2003.10.1016/S0168-3659(03)00372-9Search in Google Scholar

[38] Irzmańska E., Brochocka A, Modified polymer materials for use in selected personal protective equipment products. Autex Research Journal, Vol. 17, No 1, March 2017.10.1515/aut-2015-0040Search in Google Scholar

[39] Milašius R., et al., Evalution of structure quality of web from electrospun nanofibers Autex Research Journal Vol. 14, No. 4, 2014.10.2478/aut-2014-0023Search in Google Scholar

[40] Travis J., Horst A., Electrospinning: Applications in drug delivery and tissue engineering. ScienceDirect. 2008: pp. 1989 – 2006.10.1016/j.biomaterials.2008.01.01118281090Search in Google Scholar

[41] Chen C., et al., Preparation of nonwoven mats from all-aqueous silk fibroin solution with electrospinning method. Polymer, 47(18), 6322-6327, 2006.10.1016/j.polymer.2006.07.009Search in Google Scholar

[42] Ojha S. S., et al., Morphology of electrospun nylon-6 nanofibers as a function of molecular weight and processing parameters. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 108(1), 308-319, 2008.10.1002/app.27655Search in Google Scholar

[43] Ignatova M., et al., Novel antibacterial fibers of quaternized chitosan and poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) prepared by electrospinning. European Polymer Journal, 43(4), 1112-1122, 2007.10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2007.01.012Search in Google Scholar

[44] Chowdhury M., and Stylios G., Effect of experimental parameters on the morphology of electrospun nylon 6 fibres. International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences IJBAS-IJENS, 10(6), 116-129, 2010.Search in Google Scholar

[45] Zdraveva E., et al., Electrospinning of polyurethane nonwoven fibrous mats. TEDI – International Interdisciplinary Journal of Young Scientists from the Faculty of Textile Technology, 1(2011), 55-60, 2011.Search in Google Scholar

[46] Gómez-Lechón M., et al., New non-woven polyurethane-based biomaterials for the cultivation of hepatocytes: expression of differentiated functions, Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine,11(1):37-41, 2000.Search in Google Scholar

[47] Mazoochi T., et al., Investigation on the morphological characteristics of nanofiberous membrane as electrospun in the different processing parameters. International Journal of Industrial Chemistry, 3(2), 1-8, 2012.10.1186/2228-5547-3-2Search in Google Scholar

[48] Sutka A., et al., Electro-spinning Derived Cellulose-PVA Composite Nano-fibre Mats. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe; 22, 3(105): 43-46, 2014.Search in Google Scholar

[49] Buer A., et al., Electrospinning and properties some nanofibers. Textile Research Journal, 71(4), 323-328, 2001.10.1177/004051750107100408Search in Google Scholar

[50] Huang C. C., et al., Evaluation of the Electrospinning Manufacturing Process based on the Preparation of PVA Composite Fibres. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, Vol. 17, No. 3 (74) pp. 34-37, 2009.Search in Google Scholar

[51] Uyar T., and Besenbacher F., Electrospinning of uniform polystyrene fibers: The effect of solvent conductivity. Polymer, 49 (24), 2008.10.1016/j.polymer.2008.09.025Search in Google Scholar

[52] Uyar T., et al., Electrospun polystyrene fibers containing high temperature stable volatile fragrance/flavor facilitated by ciclodextrin inclusion complexes. Reactive & Functional Polymers, 69(3), 145-150, 2009.10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2008.12.012Search in Google Scholar

[53] Huang Z. M.,et al., Review on polymer nanofibres by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites. Composites Science and Technology, 63(15), 2223-2253, 2003.10.1016/S0266-3538(03)00178-7Search in Google Scholar

[54] Uyar T., Besenbacher F., Electrospinning of uniform polystyrene fibers: The effect of solvent conductivity. Polymer, Volume 49, Issue 24, p. 5336-5343, November 2008.Search in Google Scholar

[55] Ramakrishna S., An introduction to electrospinning and nanofibers. World Scientific Publishing Co., 2005.10.1142/5894Search in Google Scholar

[56] Cengiz F., et al., Comparative Analysis of Various Electrospinning Methods of Nanofibre Formation, Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, Vol. 17, No. 1 (72) pp. 13-19, January/March 2009.Search in Google Scholar

[57] He J., et al., Electrospun nanofibers and their application, p278, 2008.Search in Google Scholar

[58] Montes De Oca H and Ward I M Structure and Mechanical Properties of Poly(L-lactic acid) Crystals and Fibers (http://www.interscience.wiley.com/).Search in Google Scholar

[59] Pabjanczyk-Wlazlo E., et al., Fabrication of Pure Electrospun Materials from Hyaluronic Acid. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, 25, 3(123): 45-52, 2017.10.5604/01.3001.0010.1688Search in Google Scholar

[60] Malašauskiene J., Milašius R., Mathematical Analysis of the Diameter Distribution of Electrospun Nanofibres. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, Vol. 18, No. 6 (83) pp. 45-48, 2010.Search in Google Scholar

[61] Doshi J., Reneker, D. H., Electrospinning process and applications of electrospun fibers. Journal of Electrostatics, 35(2-3), 151-160, 1995.10.1016/0304-3886(95)00041-8Search in Google Scholar

[62] Senador Jr. A.E., et al., Electrospinning of Polymeric Nanofibers: Analysis of Jet Formation Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 66, 2001.10.1557/PROC-661-KK5.9Search in Google Scholar

[63] Kedem S., et al., Composite polymer nanofibers with carbon nanotubes and titanium dioxide particles, Langmuir, 2005.10.1021/la050244315924496Search in Google Scholar

[64] Malašauskienė J., et al., Possibilities for the Estimation of Electrospun Nanofibre Diameter Distribution by Normal (Gaussian) Distribution. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, 24, 2(116): 23-28, 2016.10.5604/12303666.1191423Search in Google Scholar

[65] Ellison C. J.,et al., Melt blown nanofibers: fiber diameter distributions and onset of fiber breakup. Polymer, 48(11), 3306-3316, 2007.10.1016/j.polymer.2007.04.005Search in Google Scholar

[66] Reneker D.H., Chun Nanometre diameter fibres of polymer, produced by electrospinning Nanotechnology, 7, 1996.10.1088/0957-4484/7/3/009Search in Google Scholar

[67] Ko F.K., et al., Structure and properties of carbon nanotube reinforced nanocomposites, Collection of Technical Papers. Structures Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, 3, 2002.10.2514/6.2002-1426Search in Google Scholar

[68] Zuo L., et al., Fabrication of Electrical Conductivity and Reinforced Electrospun Silk Nanofibers with MWNTs. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe 25, 3(123): 40-44, 2017.10.5604/01.3001.0010.1687Search in Google Scholar

[69] Fong H., et al., Beaded nanofibers formed during electrospinning, Polymer, 40(16), 4585-4592, 1999.10.1016/S0032-3861(99)00068-3Search in Google Scholar

[70] Jacobs V., et al., The Influence of electrospinning parameters on the structural morphology and diameter of electrospun nanofibers. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 115(5), 3130-3136, 2010.10.1002/app.31396Search in Google Scholar

[71] Zeng J., et al., Biodegradable electrospun fibers for drug delivery. Journal of Controlled Release, 92(3):227–31, 2003.10.1016/S0168-3659(03)00372-9Search in Google Scholar

[72] Baji A., et al., Electrospinning of polymer nanofibers: Effects on oriented morphology, structures and tensile properties. Vo. 70, 703-718, 2010.10.1016/j.compscitech.2010.01.010Search in Google Scholar

[73] Araújo E., et al., Electrospinning of Polymeric Fibres: an Unconventional View on the Influence of Surface Tension on Fibre Diameter. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, Vol. 24, 1(115): 22-29, 2016.Search in Google Scholar

[74] Chen Y., et al., Fabrication and evaluation of polyamide 6 composites with electrospun polyimide nanofibers as skeletal framework. Composites: Part B: Engineering, 43(5), 2012.10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.11.071Search in Google Scholar

[75] Fang X., et al., Fabrication and characterization of water-stable electrospun polyethyleneimine/polyvinyl alcohol nanofibers with super dye sorption capability. New Journal of Chemistry, vol. 35, 360-368, 2010.10.1039/C0NJ00764ASearch in Google Scholar

[76] Mazalevska O., et al., Application of Electrospinning for Vascular Graft Performance – Preliminary Results. Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, Vol. 19, No. 4 (87) pp. 46-52, 2011.Search in Google Scholar

[77] Ionescu L.C., Mauck R.L., Porosity and Cell Preseeding Influence Electrospun Scaffold Maturation and Meniscus Integration In Vitro. Tissue Engineering Part A, 19(3-4):538-547, 2013.10.1089/ten.tea.2012.0052354287022994398Search in Google Scholar

[78] Zhu X., et al., Electrospun Fibrous Mats with High Porosity as Potential Scaffolds for Skin Tissue Engineering. Biomacromolecules, 9 (7), pp 1795–1801, 2008.10.1021/bm800476u18578495Search in Google Scholar

[79] Rnjak-Kovacina J., et al., Tailoring the porosity and pore size of electrospun synthetic human elastin scaffolds for dermal tissue engineering. Biomaterials, Vol. 32, Issue 28, p. 6729-6736, October 2011.Search in Google Scholar

[80] Brochocka A., Efficiency of electret polycarbonate nonwovens in respiratory protection against nanoparticles. Autex Reasearch Journal, Vol. 17, No 2, June 2017.10.1515/aut-2017-0004Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo