1. bookVolume 22 (2015): Issue 1 (March 2015)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2084-4549
First Published
08 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Nitrogen Oxides Emission Reduction using Sewage Sludge Gasification Gas Reburning Process / Obniżenie Emisji Tlenków Azotu Przy Użyciu Procesu Reburningu Gazem Ze Zgazowania Osadów Ściekowych

Published Online: 18 Apr 2015
Volume & Issue: Volume 22 (2015) - Issue 1 (March 2015)
Page range: 83 - 94
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2084-4549
First Published
08 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Nitrogen oxides can be formed in various combustion systems. Strategies for the control of NOx emissions in hard coal boilers include the primary (during the combustion) and secondary measures (after combustion). Reburning is the one of the most attractive techniques for reducing NOx emissions. In the last several years, reburning technology has been widely studied but almost only in power engineering big load boilers. Nevertheless, NOx emission is an issue that needs to be considered for small capacity boilers as nitrogen oxides resulting from the combustion of any fossil fuels contribute to the formation of acid rain and photochemical smog, which are significant causes of air pollution. Poland is among the largest coal producing country in Europe. Due to this fact, coal fired boilers are very popular in power engineering and also in the municipal sector. Simultaneously, Poland is characterized by the lack of sewage sludge thermal treatment installation. Gasification is considered as a one of the most perspective method of thermal utilization any carbon-containing material. Syngas, which is the main product of gasification, can be used as a supplemental fuel to reduce the consumption of main fuel in boilers, and it has the potential to reduce NOx emissions. The paper proposes to link those two Polish features so the aim of the work is an experimental investigation of the reburning process of sewage sludge gasification gas in a small capacity domestic coal-fired boiler. The results obtained show how the addition of the reburning fuel influences on NOx reduction efficiency

Keywords

Słowa kluczowe

[l] Dąbrowska L, Rosińska A, Janosz-Rajczyk M. Arch Environ Prot. 2011;37(3):3-13.Search in Google Scholar

[2] Machnicka A, Grübel K, Rusin A. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2012;19:415-421. DOI: 10.2478/v10216-011-0031-x.10.2478/v10216-011-0031-xSearch in Google Scholar

[3] Davis RD. Water Environ J. 1996;10:65-69.10.1111/j.1747-6593.1996.tb00010.xSearch in Google Scholar

[4] Lundin M, Olofsson M, Pettersson G, Zetterlund H. Resour Conserv Recy. 2004;41:255-278.10.1016/j.resconrec.2003.10.006Search in Google Scholar

[5] Buckley JC, Schwarz PM. Environ Monit Assess. 2003;84:111-127. DOI: 10.1023/A:1022847416139.10.1023/A:1022847416139Search in Google Scholar

[6] Meng X, de Jong W, Pal R, Verkooijen AHM. Fuel Process Technol. 2010;91:964-981. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.02.005.10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.02.005Search in Google Scholar

[7] Zhu W, Xu ZR, Li L, He C. Chem Eng J. 2011;171:190-196. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2011.03.090.10.1016/j.cej.2011.03.090Search in Google Scholar

[8] Morris M, Waldheim L. Waste Manage. 1998;19:557-594. DOI: 10.1016/S0956-053X(98)00146-9.10.1016/S0956-053X(98)00146-9Search in Google Scholar

[9] Norman F, Andersson K, Leckner B, Johnsson F. Prog Energ Combust. 2009;35:385-397. DOI:10.1016/j.pecs.2009.04.002.10.1016/j.pecs.2009.04.002Search in Google Scholar

[10] Zeldovich YB. Acta Physicochim Urs. 1946;21:577-628.Search in Google Scholar

[11] Harding NS, Adams BR. Biomass Bioenerg. 2000;19:429-445. DOI: 10.1016/S0961-9534(00)00054-4.10.1016/S0961-9534(00)00054-4Search in Google Scholar

[12] Werle S. Arch Environ. Prot. 2012;38;81-89. DOI: 10.2478/v10265-012-0027-3.10.2478/v10265-012-0027-3Search in Google Scholar

[13] Gimenez-Lopez J, Arnada V, Millera A, Bilbao R, Alzueta MU. Fuel Process Technol. 2011;9:582-589. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.11.014.10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.11.014Search in Google Scholar

[14] Wendt JOL, Sternling CV, Matovich MA. Fourteenth Symposium on Combustion, 881, Pittsburgh, PA: The Combustion Institute; 1972;882.Search in Google Scholar

[15] Takahashi Y, Sakai M, Kunimoto T, Ohme S, Haneda H, Kawamura T, Kaneko S. Proc of the 1982 Joint Symposium on Stationary NOx Control, EPRI Report No. CS-3182; 1983.Search in Google Scholar

[16] Folsom BA, Sommer TM, Payne R. AFRE-JFRC International Conference on Environmental Control of Combustion Processes, Honolulu: 1991.Search in Google Scholar

[17] Folsom BA. Fuel and Energy Abstracts. 1997;4:227. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6701(97)84632-2.10.1016/S0140-6701(97)84632-2Search in Google Scholar

[18] Smoot LD. Prog Energ Combust. 1998;24: 409-501. DOI: S0360-1285(97)00032-4.10.1016/S0360-1285(97)00032-4Search in Google Scholar

[19] Lanigan EP, Golland ES, Rhine JM. Proc - International Gas Reburn Technology Workshop, Sweden: 1991;121-138.Search in Google Scholar

[20] Norman F, Andersson K, Leckner B, Johnsson F. Prog Energ Combust. 2009;35:385-397. DOI: 10.1016/j.pecs.2009.04.002.10.1016/j.pecs.2009.04.002Search in Google Scholar

[21] Adams BR, Harding NS. Fuel Proces Technol. 1998;54:249-263. DOI:10.1016/S0378-3820(97)00072-6.10.1016/S0378-3820(97)00072-6Search in Google Scholar

[22] Frassoldati A, Faravelli T, Ranzi E. Int J Hydrogen Energ. 2007;32:3471-3485. DOI: 263510.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.01.011.10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.01.011Search in Google Scholar

[23] Abian M, Silva SL, Millera A, Bilbao R, Alzueta M. Fuel Proces Technol. 2010;91:1204-1211. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.03.034.10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.03.034Search in Google Scholar

[24] Rüdiger H, Greul U, Spliethoff H, Hein KRG. Fuel. 1997;76:201-205. DOI: 10.1016/S0016-2361(96)00233-5.10.1016/S0016-2361(96)00233-5Search in Google Scholar

[25] Spliethoff H, Greul U, Rüdiger H, Hein KRG. Fuel. 1996;75:560-564. DOI: 10.1016/0016-2361(95)00281-2.10.1016/0016-2361(95)00281-2Search in Google Scholar

[26] Hardy T. Arch Spalania. 2003;2-4:33-49.10.1353/mis.2003.0035Search in Google Scholar

[27] Carlin NT, Annamalai K, Harman WL, Sweeten JM. Biomass Bioenerg. 2009;33:1139-1157. DOI: 1700 10.1016/j.biombioe.2009.04.007.10.1016/j.biombioe.2009.04.007Search in Google Scholar

[28] Maly PM, Zamansky VM, Ho L, Payne R. Fuel. 1999;78:327-334. DOI: S0016-2361(98)00161-6.10.1016/S0016-2361(98)00161-6Search in Google Scholar

[29] Shen B, Yao Q, Xu X. Fuel Process Technol. 2004;85:1301-1315. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2003.09.005.10.1016/j.fuproc.2003.09.005Search in Google Scholar

[30] Khan AA, de Jong W, Jansens PJ, Spliethoff H. Fuel Process Technol. 2009;90:21-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2008.07.012.10.1016/j.fuproc.2008.07.012Search in Google Scholar

[31] Werle S, Wilk RK. Chem Eng Trans. 2012;29:715-720.Search in Google Scholar

[32] Dudziak M. Environ Prot Eng. 2012;38:5-17. DOI: 10.5277/epe120201.Search in Google Scholar

[33] Werle S, Dudziak M. Energies. 2014;7:462-476. DOI: 10.3390/en701046210.3390/en7010462Search in Google Scholar

[34] Hardy T, Kruczek H. 1st International Scientific and Technical Conference, Energetyka. Wrocław: 2000Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo