1. bookVolume 52 (2015): Issue 4 (December 2015)
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eISSN
1336-9083
ISSN
0440-6605
First Published
22 Apr 2006
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4 times per year
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English
access type Open Access

Research Note. Prevalence, protein analysis and possible preventive measures against zoonotic anisakid larvae isolated from marine Atherina fish

Published Online: 26 Nov 2015
Volume & Issue: Volume 52 (2015) - Issue 4 (December 2015)
Page range: 375 - 383
Received: 12 Nov 2014
Accepted: 05 May 2015
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1336-9083
ISSN
0440-6605
First Published
22 Apr 2006
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Summary

Anisakidosis is a zoonotic infection caused by ingestion of raw or undercooked marine fish including Atherina. In some parts of Egypt, the prevalence of anisakid larvae in marine Atherina still, largely, undetermined. Moreover, the currently used procedures are insufficient to avoid human infection. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of anisakid larvae in marine Atherina and to test the effect of several treatment procedures on the viability of anisakid larvae. The infection rate of marine Atherina with anisakid larvae was 23.12 %. Anisakid larvae protein revealed molecular weights ranged from 11.5 - 118.5 Kilo Dalton (KDa.). Moreover, freezing at -20 °C for 21 hours (hrs.) as well as vinegar (5 %) treatment for 3 days were the most effective ways to inactivate the larvae. This study states the zoonotic risk of consuming raw or undercooked marine Atherina and highlights the importance of freezing and vinegar treatment in preventing human infection.

Keywords

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