1. bookVolume 3 (2017): Issue 4 (October 2017)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
30 Mar 2015
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Neutropenia and T-Wave Inversion as Toxin-Mediated Complications of a Streptococcal Infection

Published Online: 08 Nov 2017
Page range: 166 - 171
Received: 10 Aug 2017
Accepted: 23 Oct 2017
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
30 Mar 2015
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Introduction: Streptococcal infection can be responsible for multiple complications, such as toxic, septic or allergic disorders. Toxin-mediated complications (TMC) can appear during the acute phase of disease and can involve any organ, causing carditis, arthritis, nephritis, hepatitis etc.

Keywords

1. Wessels MR. Streptococcal pharyngitis. N Engl J Med. 2011;364:648-655.Search in Google Scholar

2. Chuang YY, Huang YC, Lin TY. Toxic shock syndrome in children: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, and management. Paediatr Drugs. 2005;7:11-25.Search in Google Scholar

3. Stevens DL. Streptococcal Toxic-Shock Syndrome: Spectrum of Disease, Pathogenesis, and New Concepts in Treatment. Emerg Infect Dis. 1995;1(3):69-78.Search in Google Scholar

4. Tilanus AMR, de Geus HRH, Rijnders BJA, Dwarkasing RS, van der Hoven B, Bakker J. Severe group A streptococcal toxic shock syndrome presenting as primary peritonitis: a case report and brief review of the literature. Int J Infect Dis. 2010;14(3):208-12.10.1016/j.ijid.2009.07.014Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

5. Boruah P, Shetty S, Kumar SS. Acute streptococcal myocarditis presenting as acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. J Invasive Cardiol. 2010;22(10):E189-91.Search in Google Scholar

6. Cunningham MW. Pathogenesis of Group A Streptococcal Infections. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2000;13(3):470–511.10.1128/CMR.13.3.470-511.2000Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

7. Burova LA, Nagornev VA, Pigarevsky PV, et al. Induction of myocarditis in rabbits injected with group A streptococci. Indian J Med Res. 2004;119:183-5.Search in Google Scholar

8. Gore I, Saphir O. Myocarditis associated with acute nasopharyngitis and acute tonsillitis. Am Heart J. 1947;34(6):831-51.Search in Google Scholar

9. Talmon Y, Gilbey P, Fridman N, Wishniak A, Roguin N. Acute myopericarditis complicating acute tonsillitis: beware the young male patient with tonsillitis complaining of chest pain. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2008;117(4):295-7.Search in Google Scholar

10. Upadhyay GA, Gainor JF, Stamm LM, Weinberg AN, Dec GW, Ruskin JN. Acute nonrheumatic streptococcal myocarditis: STEMI mimic in young adults. Am J Med. 2012; 125(12):1230-3.Search in Google Scholar

11. Feldman AM, McNamara D. Myocarditis. N Engl J Med. 2000;343(19):1388–98.Search in Google Scholar

12. Said SAM, Bloo R, de Nooijer R, Slootweg A. Cardiac and non-cardiac causes of T-wave inversion in the precordial leads in adult subjects: A Dutch case series and review of the literature. World J Cardiol. 2015;7(2):86-100.Search in Google Scholar

13. Shannon O, Hertzén E, Norrby-Teglund A, Vons C, Jacobs F, Gordji-Therani H. Severe streptococcal infection is associated with M protein-induced platelet activation and thrombus formation. Mol Microbiol. 2007;65:1147-57.10.1111/j.1365-2958.2007.05841.xOpen DOISearch in Google Scholar

14. Kanetake K, Hayashi M, Hino A, et al. Primary peritonitis associated with streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome: report of a case. Surg Today. 2004;34(12):1053-56.Search in Google Scholar

15. Mavrogeni S, Bratis K, Kitsiou A, Kolovou G. Streptococcal tonsillitis and acute streptococcal myocarditis: an unusual combination assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and endomyocardial biopsy. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2012;121(9):604-8.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo