1. bookVolume 58 (2016): Issue 2 (December 2016)
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Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-6090
First Published
14 Jan 2010
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2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Finding the best fit for direct and indirect causation: a typological study

Published Online: 06 Feb 2018
Volume & Issue: Volume 58 (2016) - Issue 2 (December 2016)
Page range: 65 - 82
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-6090
First Published
14 Jan 2010
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The contrast between direct and indirect causation is the most widely discussed semantic distinction in the literature on causative constructions. This distinction has been claimed to correlate with a number of formal parameters, such as formal distance, productivity and length, which are linked to different functional and diachronic explanations based on the principles of iconicity and economy. The present study tests these claims on a typologically representative sample of languages from 46 diverse families, examining four formal variables and their association with (in)directness of causation. According to the data, formal length displays the most pervasive association with the semantic distinction in question, which supports the economy-based explanation. In addition, the relative prominence of the other formal parameters depends on the type of causatives and their stage of grammaticalization.

Keywords

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