1. bookVolume 38 (2017): Issue 2 (December 2017)
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16 Jun 2015
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access type Open Access

Sluicing, Sprouting and Missing Objects

Published Online: 29 Dec 2017
Page range: 63 - 92
Received: 29 Oct 2016
Accepted: 29 May 2017
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
16 Jun 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Taking “sluicing” to be derived by movement + deletion, as represented by Merchant (2001), and “pseudo-sluicing” to be a base-generated structure [pro (+be) + wh] (going by Wei 2004; Adams 2004), this paper reviews arguments for and against the presence of a sluicing construction in Mandarin Chinese. We show that all the tests available in the literature do not argue against the presence of such a sluicing construction, except the test building on the distribution of the copula shi. Unfortunately, the shi test is demonstrated to be uncertain and it cannot be used to argue conclusively that only a base-generation pseudo-sluicing analysis should be adopted. We show that a much clear evidence for an exclusive pseudo-sluicing analysis comes from the behavior of the sprouting construction. Investigation of sprouting also sheds light on the properties of null arguments, topic-variable relation, locality, and subcategorization of verbs in the language.

Keywords

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