1. bookVolume 1 (2014): Issue 1 (December 2014)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2449-7525
First Published
19 Nov 2014
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Comparing rhythm in speech and music: The case of English and Polish

Published Online: 03 Mar 2015
Volume & Issue: Volume 1 (2014) - Issue 1 (December 2014)
Page range: 55 - 71
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2449-7525
First Published
19 Nov 2014
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The point of departure for the following study is Patel and Daniele (2003), who suggested that the rhythm of a culture’s language is reflected in its instrumental music. The former study used the normalised pairwise variability index (henceforth nPVI), a measure of temporal patterning in speech, to compare the variability of vocalic duration in recorded speech samples with the variability of note duration in music notation on the example of English and French speech and classical music. The aim of this experiment is to test whether the linguistic rhythm conventionalised in the language of a community affects the rhythm in the musical practice of that community, by focusing on English and Polish speech and classical, as well as folk music. The nPVI values were obtained from a set of English and Polish recorded news-like sentences, and from musical notation of English and Polish classical and folk musical themes. The results suggest that reflections of Polish speech rhythm may be more apparent in folk music than in classical music, though more data are needed to test this idea. This initial study suggests that the method used might bring more fruitful results when comparing speech rhythm with less formalized and more traditional musical themes.

Keywords

Abercrombie, D. 1967. Elements of general phonetics. Chicago, IL: Aldine.Search in Google Scholar

Abraham, G. 1974. The tradition of Western music. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.10.1525/9780520312722Search in Google Scholar

Boersma, P. and D. Weenink. 2013. “Praat: doing phonetics by computer”. (Computer programme). Version 5.3.56, retrieved 15 Sep 2013 from <http://www.praat.org/>.Search in Google Scholar

Child, F. J. 1882-1898. The English and Scottish popular ballads. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Search in Google Scholar

Darwin, C. 1871. The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. London: John Murray.10.5962/bhl.title.2092Search in Google Scholar

Dauer, R. M. 1983. “Stress-timing and syllable-timing reanalyzed”. Journal of Phonetics 11. 51-62.10.1016/S0095-4470(19)30776-4Search in Google Scholar

Dellwo, V. 2006. “Rhythm and speech rate: A variation coefficient for deltaC”. In: Karnowski, P., I. Szigeti and P. Lang (eds.), Language and language-processing. Proceedings of the 38th Linguistic Colloquium, Frankfurt am Main. 231-241.Search in Google Scholar

Grabe, E. and E. L. Low. 2002. “Durational variability in speech and the rhythm class hypothesis”. Laboratory Phonology 7. 515-546.10.1515/9783110197105.2.515Search in Google Scholar

Grout, D. J. and C. V. Palisca. 2000. A history of Western music. (6th edn.) New York: W. W. Norton.Search in Google Scholar

Handel, S. 1989. Listening: An introduction to the perception of auditory events. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.10.1097/00003446-199006000-00016Search in Google Scholar

Kolberg, O. 1857. Dzieła wszystkie, tom I: Pieśni ludu polskiego. Polskie Towarzystwo Ludoznawcze.Search in Google Scholar

Lerdahl, F. and R. Jackendoff. 1983. A generative theory of tonal music. MIT Press, Cambridge.Search in Google Scholar

Liberman, M. 1975. “The intonational system of English”. (PhD thesis, MIT.) Search in Google Scholar

London, J. and K. Jones. 2010. “Metrical hierarchies and musical nPVI: A re-analysis of Patel and Daniele”, Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition. 379-380.Search in Google Scholar

Luboff, N. and W. Stracke. 1969. Songs of man: The international book of folk songs. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Search in Google Scholar

McGowan, R. W. and A. G. Levitt. 2011. “A comparison of rhythm in English dialects and music”. Music Perception 28(3). 307-313.10.1525/mp.2011.28.3.307Search in Google Scholar

Mithen, S. 2005. The singing Neanderthals: The origins of music, language, mind and body. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.Search in Google Scholar

Nazzi, T., J. Bertoncini and J. Mehler. 1998. “Language discrimination in newborns: Toward an understanding of the role of rhythm”. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 24(3). 756-777.10.1037/0096-1523.24.3.756Search in Google Scholar

Nespor, M. 1990. “On the rhythm parameter in phonology”. In: Rocca, I. (ed.), Logical issues in language acquisition. 157-175. Dordrecht: Foris.10.1515/9783110870374-009Search in Google Scholar

Nettl, B. 2000. “An ethnomusicologist contemplates universals in musical sound and musical culture”. In: Wallin, N. L., B. Merker and S. Brown (eds.), The origins of music. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 463-472.Search in Google Scholar

Patel, A. D. 2006. “Musical rhythm, linguistic rhythm, and human evolution”. Music Perception 24. 99-104.Search in Google Scholar

Patel, A. D. 2008. Music, language, and the brain. New York: Oxford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Patel, A. D. and J. R. Daniele. 2003. “An empirical comparison of rhythm in language and music”. Cognition 87. 35-45.10.1016/S0010-0277(02)00187-7Search in Google Scholar

Pike, K. N. 1945. The intonation of American English. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Search in Google Scholar

Ramus, F. 2002. “Acoustic correlates of linguistic rhythm: Perspectives”. Proceedings of Speech Prosody. 115-120.Search in Google Scholar

Roach, P. 1982. “On the distinction between ‘stress-timed’ and ‘syllable-timed’ languages”. In: Crystal, D. Linguistic controversies: Essays in linguistic theory and practice in honour of F. R. Palmer. London: Hodder Arnold. 73-79.Search in Google Scholar

Selkirk, E. O. 1984. Phonology and syntax: The relation between sound and structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Search in Google Scholar

Thomas, E. R. 2011. Sociophonetics: An introduction. Palgrave Macmillan.10.1007/978-1-137-28561-4Search in Google Scholar

Wallin, N. L., B. Merker and S. Brown. (eds.). 2000. The origins of music. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Search in Google Scholar

Wenk, B. J. 1987. “Just in time: On speech rhythms in music”. Linguistics 25. 969-981. 10.1515/ling.1987.25.5.969Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo