1. bookVolume 24 (2021): Issue 1 (May 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
06 Sep 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Erodible fraction content change in long term wind erosion duration

Published Online: 21 May 2021
Page range: 56 - 62
Received: 15 Dec 2020
Accepted: 26 Feb 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
06 Sep 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Soil erosion by wind is the primary land degradation process which affects natural environments and agricultural lands. In agricultural lands, soil erosion by wind mainly results from removing of the finest and most biologically active part of the soil richest in organic matter and nutrients. Repeated exposure to wind erosion can have permanent effects on agricultural soil degradation. Knowing spatial and temporal changes in soil conditions and soil erodibility is essential to understand wind erosion processes. There are many methodologies to predict the susceptibility of landscape to erosion. The more complex is the scheme combining multiple factors, the more accurate the estimate is. There are very few studies on mapping the changes in soil grain size and erodible fraction due to wind erosion. Existing studies only deal with eroded soil units (where particles are removed – deflation) and not the eroded units (areas) to which the eroded particles are wound – accumulated. Prevailing wind direction should also be taken into account when mapping changes in erodible fractions of wind-eroded soils and the nature of the soil (whether soil particles accumulate or deflate). In this study the “historical“ grain size distribution of the soil in three cadastral areas using data from complex soil survey (1968) and year 2018/2019 was analysed. Erodible fraction change was also calculated and compared for both time periods.

Keywords

Balkovič, J., Skalský, R., & Nováková, M. (2010). Spatial model of sand and clay distribution in topsoil of agricultural soils in Slovakia. In Vedecké práce Výskumného ústavu pôdoznalectva a ochrany pôdy. Výskumný ústav pôdoznalectva a ochrany pôdy (in Slovak). Search in Google Scholar

Borrelli, P., Panagos, P., Ballabio, C., Lugato, E., Weynants, M., & Montanarella, L. (2014). Towards a Pan-European Assessment of Land Susceptibility to Wind Erosion. Land Degradation & Development, 27(4), 1093–1105. https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2318 Search in Google Scholar

Böhner, J., Schäfer, W., Conrad, O., Gross, J., & Ringeler, A. (2003). The WEELS model: methods, results and limitations. Catena, 52(3–4), 289–308. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0341-8162(03)00019-5 Search in Google Scholar

European Environment Agency. (1998). Europe’s Environment: The Second Assessment. Copenhagen. Search in Google Scholar

Fryrear, D. W., Krammes, C. A., Williamson, D. L., & Zobeck, T. M. (1994). Computing the wind erodible fraction of soils. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 49(2), 183+. Search in Google Scholar

Fryrear, D. W., Bilbro, J. D., Saleh, A., Schomberg, H., Stout, J. E., & Zobeck, T. M. (2000). RWEQ: Improved Wind Erosion Technology. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 55(2), 183. Search in Google Scholar

Funk, R., & Reuter, H. I. (2006). Wind erosion. In J. Boardman, J., Poesen. (Eds), Soil erosion in Europe (pp. 563–582). Wiley. Search in Google Scholar

Gomes, L., Arrúe, J. L., López, M. V., Sterk, G., Richard, D., Gracia, R., Sabre, M., Gaudichet, A., & Frangi, J. P. (2003). Wind erosion in a semiarid agricultural area of Spain: the WELSONS project. Catena, 52(3–4), 235–256. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0341-8162(03)00016-x Search in Google Scholar

Chappell, A., & Warren, A. (2003). Spatial scales of 137Cs-derived soil flux by wind in a 25 km2 arable area of eastern England. Catena, 52(3–4), 209–234. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0341-8162(03)00015-8 Search in Google Scholar

Kondrlová, E., Igaz, D., Grešová, L., & Horák, J. (2012). Comparison of methods of soil samples preparation and methods of measurement of grain size fractions of distribution in Nitra River basin. Acta Horticulturae et Regiotecturae, 15, 27–30 (in Slovak). Search in Google Scholar

Leys, J. F., & McTainsh, G. H. (1994). Soil loss and nutrient decline by winderosion-cause for concern. Aust. J. Soil Water Conserv., 7(3), 30–40. Search in Google Scholar

Li, J., Okin, G. S., Alvarez, L., & Epstein, H. (2007). Quantitative effects of vegetation cover on wind erosion and soil nutrient loss in a desert grassland of southern New Mexico, USA. Biogeochemistry, 85(3), 317–332. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-007-9142-y Search in Google Scholar

Lyles, L., & Tatarko, J. (1986). Plant response to topsoil thickness, and to fertilizer on an eroded loess soil. J. Soil Water Cons., 41, 59–63. Search in Google Scholar

Muchová, Z., & Tárníková, M. (2018). Land cover change and its influence on the assessment of the ecological stability. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 16(3), 5169–5182. https://doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1603_21692182 Search in Google Scholar

Riksen, M., Brouwer, F., Spaan, W., Arue, J. L., & Lopez, M. V. (2003). What to do about wind erosion. In A. Warren (Ed.), Wind erosion on agricultural land in Europe, EC, Directorate-General for Research (pp. 39–52). Search in Google Scholar

Warren, A. (2003). Wind erosion on agricultural land in Europe: research results for land managers. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo