1. bookVolume 24 (2021): Issue 1 (May 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
06 Sep 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Geospatial model for establishing constructed wetlands for municipal waste water treatment: Case study in South Bačka District, Serbia

Published Online: 21 May 2021
Page range: 71 - 76
Received: 31 Dec 2020
Accepted: 08 Mar 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
06 Sep 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The process of integration into the European Union (EU) requires from new member states significant efforts; not only harmonizing legislation but also respecting all posed standards. Among numerous issues, wastewater purification represents a significant request. To achieve the goal of discharging good-quality water into natural water bodies as recipients, various methods have been used. The method of constructed wetland (CW) is based on wastewater purification by using wetland plants. The method of CWs shows the best results for small settlements for up to 5,000 inhabitants and can be nicely integrated within the landscape of a plain where waterbodies’ banks are overgrown by wetland plants. Such facilities have been used for decades in the territory of the EU, and only a few have been built in the Republic of Serbia. Since the Republic of Serbia is a candidate country for the EU, there is a strong intention to take action focused upon solving wastewater purification from various sources. Therefore, this paper aims to examine favourable locations for CW installations within the rural area of the South Bačka District. Geographic information system was applied for examination of the basic spatial criteria (distance from the settlement, distance from water bodies, elevation, and land use). These were presented in separate maps and finally in one joint map of favourability for establishing CWs in the vicinity of 35 villages within the District. The obtained results have fulfilled the basic spatial preconditions, but further analyses should be conducted to precisely position the location of each CW concerning land ownership criterion.

Keywords

Benka, P. (2011). Effects of restructuring of land territory by consolidation on the plot suitability for agricultural production, In I. Aleksic (Ed.), Professional Practice and Education in Geodesy and Related Fields (pp. 348-355). Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Belgrade. Search in Google Scholar

CLC – © European Union, Copernicus land Monitoring Service (2018). Corine Land Cover [Data set]. European Environmental Agency (EEA). https://land.copernicus.eu/pan-european/corine-land-cover Search in Google Scholar

Dalmacija, B. (Ed) (2010). Basis of wastewater management. University of Novi Sad, Faculy of sciences. Department of chemistry, biochemistry and environmental protection (in Serbian) Search in Google Scholar

Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. Official Journal of the European Union, 327, 1–73. Search in Google Scholar

Directive 2013/39/EU of the European parliament and of the council of 12 August 2013 amending Directives 2000/60/EC and 2008/105/EC as regards priority substances in the field of water policy. Official Journal of the European Union, 226, 1–17. Search in Google Scholar

Directive 1991/271/EEC of 21 May 1991 concerning urban waste-water treatment. Official Journal of the European Union, 135, (40–52). Search in Google Scholar

González, H. F., Corvea Porras, J. L., de Bustamante Gutiérrez, I., LaMoreaux, J. W., & Molerio-Leon, L. F. (2013). Management of Water Resources in Protected Areas: An Introduction. In H. F. González, J. L. Corvea Porras, I. de Bustamante Gutiérrez, & J. W. LaMoreaux (Eds.), Management of Water Resources in Protected Areas (pp. v–viii). Springer. Search in Google Scholar

Gorito, A. M, Ribeiro, A. R., Almeida, C. M. R., & Silva, A. M. T. (2017). A review on the application of constructed wetlands for the removal of priority substances and contaminants of emerging concern listed in recently launched EU legislation. Environ Pollution., 227, 428–443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.04.060 Search in Google Scholar

Josimov-Dundjerski, J., Belić, A., Salvai, A., & Grabić, J. (2013). Age of Constructed Wetland and Effects of Wastewater Treatment. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 19(4), 679–684. http://www.agrojournal.org/19/04-08.pdf Search in Google Scholar

Josimov-Dundjerski, J., Savić, R., Belić, A., Salvai, A., & Grabić, J. (2015a). Sustainability of Constructed Wetland Based on the Characteristics in Effluent. Agriculture Journals, Soil & Water Resources, 10(2), 114–120. http://www.agriculturejournals.cz/publicFiles/152326.pdf Search in Google Scholar

Josimov-Dunđerski, J., Grabić, J., & Belić, A. (2015b). Constructed wetlands in protection of water resources in Vojvodina. Annals of agronomy, 39(1), 24–32. http://scindeks.ceon.rs/article.aspx?artid=0546-82641501024J Search in Google Scholar

Kolaković, S., Vujović, S., Jeftenić, G., Kolaković, S., & Mašić, B. (2013). Sanitation and waste water management in Vojvodina (Serbia). The 6th PSU-UNS International Conference on Engineering and Technology (ICET-2013), Novi Sad, Serbia, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, 1–6. Search in Google Scholar

Muchová, Z., Leitmanová, M., & Petrovič, F. (2016). Possibilities of optimal land use as a consequence of lessons learned from land consolidation projects (Slovakia). Ecological Engineering, 90, 294–306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.01.018 Search in Google Scholar

NASA JPL (2013). NASA Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Global 3 arc second [Data set]. NASA EOSDIS Land Processes DAAC. https://doi.org/10.5067/MEaSUREs/SRTM/SRTMGL3.003 Search in Google Scholar

Nikolić, L J., Maksimović, I., Džigurski, D. & Putnik-Delić, M. (2015). The content of microelements (Cu i Zn) in reed (Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.) of the constructed wetland system. Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 8(4), 493–498. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1995425515040113 Search in Google Scholar

SEPA – Serbian Environmental Protection Agency (2019). Study in the field of management of municipal waste waters in local municipalities on the territory of the republic of Serbia. Ministry of environmental protection of the Republic of Serbia. JN 1.2.4/19 (in Serbian) Search in Google Scholar

Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (2014). Comparative overview of the number of population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011 [Data by settlements]. Search in Google Scholar

Stefanakis, A. I. (2019). The Role of Constructed Wetlands as Green Infrastructure for Sustainable Urban Water Management. Sustainability, MDPI, 11(24), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11246981 Search in Google Scholar

United Nations. (2015). Transforming Our World, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. General Assembly Resolution A/RES/70/1. http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1&Lang=E Search in Google Scholar

Vymazal, J. (2005). Horizontal Subsurface Flow and Hybrid Constructed wetland System for Wastewater Treatment. Ecological Engineering, 24, 478–490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2005.07.010 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo