1. bookVolume 84 (2021): Issue 3 (September 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
24 Jan 2008
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Intragroup variation in the Pre-Columbian Cuba population: A perspective from cranial morphology

Published Online: 01 Oct 2021
Page range: 233 - 255
Received: 25 Jun 2021
Accepted: 27 Aug 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
24 Jan 2008
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The paper aims to study intragroup variation inside the two pre-Columbian Cuban populations: the aceramic Archaic and the ceramic Taino groups, based on their cranial morphology. The latter applied artificial cranial deformation to all its members, so the groups are referred to as “non-deformed” and “deformed” samples here. Studies across different disciplines suggest evidence of cultural and biological diversity inside the non-deformed group, while local variations of applying the deforming device can be responsible for shape variation across the deformed group. Cranial metrics and non-metric cranial traits of the 92 crania of Cuban origin were analyzed, although the sample size varied between the analyses due to the incompleteness of the crania. Geometric morphometrics was applied to the deformed crania to study the shape variation across the sample. Three deformed crania from the Dominican Republic were analyzed together with the deformed Cuban sample to test the variability of the practice between the islands. Principal component analysis and the Mantel test did not reveal any geographic differences in the cranial metric traits. No morphological differences associated with the antiquity of materials could be seen either based on the available data. The principal component analysis of the Procrustes coordinates of the cranial vault outline in the lateral norm revealed continuous variability of cranial shapes from the ones with more flattened frontal and occipital bones to the more curved outlines, which is probably explained by individual variation. Non-metric traits variation revealed bilateral asymmetry in the expression of the occipito-mastoidal ossicles among the deformed crania. In conclusion, the study did not support assumptions about morphological diversity inside the studied samples or proved the impossibility of available craniological data to reflect possible intragroup differentiation at the moment.

Keywords

Adams D, Collyer M, Kaliontzopoulou A, Baken E. 2021. Geomorph: Software for geometric morphometric analyses. R package version 3.3.2. Available at: https://cran.r-project.org/package=geomorph [Accessed 12 June 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Alarie K, Roksandic M. 2016. A Pre-Columbian Dental Modification Complex at the Site of Canímar Abajo, Matanzas, Cuba. In: Roksandic I, editor. Cuban Archaeology in the Caribbean. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. 106–24. Search in Google Scholar

Alexeev VP, Debets GF. 1964. Kraniometriya: Metodika antropologicheskikh issledovaniy. [Craniometry: methods of anthropological research]. Moscow: Nauka. Search in Google Scholar

Alexeev VP. 1986. K antropologicheskoi kharakteristike aborigennogo naseleniia Kuby [To the anthropological characteristic of the aboriginal population of Cuba]. In: Vasilievskiy RS, editor. Arkheologiia Kuby [Archaeology of Cuba]. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 15–22. Search in Google Scholar

Alonso Alonso AM. 1995. Fundamentos para la Historia del Guanahatabey de Cuba. La Habana: Editorial Academia. Search in Google Scholar

Antón SC. 1989. Intentional cranial vault deformation and induced changes of the cranial base and face. Am J Phys Anthropol 79(2):253–67. Search in Google Scholar

Armstrong S, Cloutier L, Arredondo C, Roksandic M, Matheson C. 2013. Spina bifida in a pre-Columbian Cuban population: a paleoepidemiological study of genetic and dietary risk factors. Int J Paleopathol 3(1):19–29. Search in Google Scholar

Berry CA, Berry RJ. 1967. Epigenetic variation in the human cranium. J Anat 101(2):361–79. Search in Google Scholar

Bolufé Torres R. 2015. Variaciones de la estatura y las características morfométricas craneofaciales en las poblaciones pescadoras recolectoras cazadoras del occidente de Cuba: Cueva del Perico I, Canímar Abajo, Cueva Calero y Guayabo Blanco. Tesis en opción al grado de Licenciado en Biología. La Habana: Universidad de La Habana. Search in Google Scholar

Bookstein FL. Morphometric Tools for Landmark Data: Geometry and Biology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Search in Google Scholar

Buikstra JE, Ubelaker DH editors. 1994. Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains. Fayetteville: Arkansas Archeological Service. Search in Google Scholar

Bunak VV. 1959. Cherep cheloveka y stadii iego formirovaniia u iskopaiemykh liudei i sovremennykh ras [Human skull and the stages of its formation in fossil people and modern races]. Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences Publishing House. Search in Google Scholar

Buser TJ, Sidlauskas BL, Summers AP. 2018. 2D or not 2D? Testing the utility of 2D vs. 3D landmark data in geometric morphometrics of the sculpin subfamily Oligocottinae (Pisces; Cottoidea). Anat Rec 301(5):806–18. Search in Google Scholar

Cardini A, Chiapelli M. 2020. How flat can a horse be? Exploring 2D approximations of 3D crania in equids. Zoology 139:125746. Search in Google Scholar

Cardini A. 2014. Missing the third dimension in geometric morphometrics: how to assess if 2D images really are a good proxy for 3D structures? Hystrix 25(2):73–81. Search in Google Scholar

Cheverud J., Kohn LA, Konigsberg LW, Leigh SR. 1992. Effects of fronto-occipital artificial cranial vault modification on the cranial base and face. Am J Phys Anthropol 88(3):323–45. Search in Google Scholar

Chinique de Armas Y, Buhay WM, Rodríguez Suárez R, Bestel S, Smith D, Mowat SD et al. 2015. Starch analysis and isotopic evidence of consumption of cultigens among fisher–gatherers in Cuba: the archaeological site of Canímar Abajo, Matanzas. J Archaeol Sci 58:121–32. Search in Google Scholar

Chinique de Armas Y, González Herrera UM, Buhay WM, Yero Masdeu JM, Viera Sanfiel LM, Burchell M et al. 2020. Chronology of the archaeological site of Playa Del Mango, Rio Cauto, Granma, Cuba. Radio-carbon 62(5):1221–36. Search in Google Scholar

Chinique de Armas Y, Pestle W. 2018. Assessing the association between subsistence strategies and the timing of weaning among indigenous archaeological populations of the Caribbean. Int J Osteoarchaeol 28(5):492–509. Search in Google Scholar

Chinique de Armas Y, Rodríguez Suárez R. 2012. Cambios en las actividades subsistenciales de los aborígenes del sitio arqueológico Canímar Abajo, Matanzas, Cuba. Cuba Arqueológica 5(2):30–48. Search in Google Scholar

Chinique de Armas Y, Roksandic M, Nikitović D, Rodríguez Suárez R, Smith D, Kanik N et al. 2017. Isotopic reconstruction of the weaning process in the archaeological population of Canímar Abajo, Cuba: A Bayesian probability mixing model approach. PloS one 12(5):e0176065. Search in Google Scholar

Chinique de Armas Y, Roksandic M. 2019. Assessing the Biological and Cultural Diversity of Archaic Age Populations from Western Cuba. Smithson. Contr. Anthropol 51:161–71. Search in Google Scholar

Cooper J. 2007. Island interaction in the prehistoric Caribbean: an archaeological case study from northern Cuba. Doctoral dissertation. London: University College London. Search in Google Scholar

Coppa A, Cucina A, Hoogland ML, Lucci M, Luna Calderón F, Panhuysen RGAM et al. 2008. New evidence of two different migratory waves in the circum-Caribbean area during the pre-Columbian period from the analysis of dental morphological traits. In: Hofman CL, Hoogland ML and AL van Gijn, editors. Crossing the borders: new methods and techniques in the study of archaeological materials from the Caribbean. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. 195–213. Search in Google Scholar

Crespo-Torres EF, Mickleburgh HL, Valcárcel Rojas R. 2013. In: Keegan WF, Hofman CL and R Rodríguez Ramos, editors. The Oxford handbook of Caribbean archaeology. New York: Oxford University Press. 436–51. Search in Google Scholar

Czarnetzki A. 1971. Epigenetische Skelettmerkmale im Populationsvergleich: I. Rechts-links-Unterschiede bilateral angelegter Merkmale. Z Morphol Anthropol 2:238–54. Search in Google Scholar

Dembo A, Imbelloni J. 1938. Deformaciones Intencionales del Cuerpo Humano de Caracter Étnico. Buenos Aires: Biblioteca Humanior. Search in Google Scholar

Duijvenbode AV. 2017. Facing society: A study of identity through head shaping practices among the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean in the ceramic age and colonial period. Doctoral dissertation. Leiden: Leiden University. Search in Google Scholar

Evteev A. 2008. Problema polovogo dimorfizma v kraniologii [The problem of sexual dimorphism in craniology]. Moscow: Moscow State University. Search in Google Scholar

Fernandes DM, Sirak KA, Ringbauer H, Sedig J, Rohland N, Cheronet O et al. 2021. A genetic history of the pre-contact Caribbean. Nature 590(7844):103–10. Search in Google Scholar

Friess M, Baylac M. 2003. Exploring artificial cranial deformation using elliptic Fourier analysis of Procrustes aligned outlines. Am J Phys Anthropol 122(1):11–22. Search in Google Scholar

García Méndez N, Arredondo Antúnez C, Mancina CA (in press). Morfometría geométrica aplicada e interpretaciones del tamaño y la forma craneal de poblaciones aborígenes cubanas. In: Vázquez Sánchez V y A Rangel Rivero, editors. Antropología Biológica Aplicada en Cuba. La Habana: Editorial Universidad de La Habana. García Méndez N. 2018. Explorando la variación del tamaño y la forma craneal de poblaciones aborígenes cubanas mediante métodos de Morfometría Geométrica. Tesis Diploma. La Habana: Universidad de La Habana. Search in Google Scholar

Ginzburg VV. 1967. Antropologicheskaia kharakteristika drevnikh aborigenov Kuby [Anthropological characteristic of the aboriginal population of Cuba]. In: Potapov LP, Ivanov SV, Kisliakov NA and DA Olderogge, editors. Kultura i byt narodov Ameriki [Culture and lifestyles of American peoples]. Leningrad: Nauka. 180–278. Search in Google Scholar

González Herrera U. 2008. Ciboneyes, Guanahatabeyes y cronistas. Discusión en torno a problemas de reconstrucción etnohistórica en Cuba. El Caribe Arqueológico 11:98 – 107. Search in Google Scholar

Gonzalez PN, Perez SI, Bernal V. 2011. Ontogenetic allometry and cranial shape diversification among human populations from South America. Anat Rec 294(11). 1864–74. Search in Google Scholar

Guarch Delmonte JM. 1990. Estructura para las comunidades aborígenes de Cuba. Holguín: Ediciones Holguín. Search in Google Scholar

Hernández Godoy ST. 2003. Arqueología e Historiografía aborigen de Cuba en el siglo XIX. An Mus Am 11:177–96. Search in Google Scholar

Herrera Fritot R. 1964. Craneotrigonometria. La Habana: Comision Nacional de la Academia de Ciencias de la República de Cuba. Search in Google Scholar

Hijmans RJ. 2021. raster: Geographic Data Analysis and Modeling. R package version 3.4-10. Available at: https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=raster [Accessed 2 June 2021]. Search in Google Scholar

Howells WW. 1989. Skull shapes and the map: craniometric analyses in the dispersion of modern Homo. Papers of the Peabody museum of Archaeology and Ethnology 79. Search in Google Scholar

Kozintsev AG. 2016. O nekotorykh aspektakh statisticheskogo analiza v kraniometrii [On some aspects of the statistical analysis in craniometry]. In: Chistov YuK, editor. Radlovskiy sbornik: Nauchnyie issledovaniia i muzeinyie proekty MAE RAN v 2015 g. [Radlov Collection. Scientific Research and Museum Projects of the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2015]. St. Petersburg: Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography of the RAS Publ. 381–90. Search in Google Scholar

Krenzer U. 2006. Compendio de métodos antropológico forenses para la reconstrucción del perfil osteo-biológico. Serie de Antropología Forense. Guatemala: Centro de Analisis Forense y Ciencias Aplicadas. Search in Google Scholar

La Rosa Corzo G. 2003. La orientacion este de los entierros aborigenes en cuevas de Cuba: Remate de una fabula. Lat Am Antiq 14(2):143–57. Search in Google Scholar

Lalueza-Fox C, Gilbert MTP, Martínez-Fuentes AJ, Calafell F, Bertranpetit J. 2003. Mitochondrial DNA from pre-Columbian Ciboneys from Cuba and the prehistoric colonization of the Caribbean. Am J Phys Anthropol 121(2):97–108. Search in Google Scholar

Leblond JB. 1813. Voyage aux Antilles et a l’Amérique Méridionale. Paris: A. Bertrand. Search in Google Scholar

Mantel N. 1967. The detection of disease clustering and a generalized regression approach. Cancer Res 27:209–20. Search in Google Scholar

Martin R, Saller K. 1957. Lehrbuch der Anthropologie. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag. Search in Google Scholar

Montané L. 1908: L’homme de Sancti Spiritus. Mónaco: Imprimerie de Mónaco. Search in Google Scholar

Movsesyan AA. 2005. Feneticheskiy analiz v paleoantropologii [Phenetic analysis in paleoanthropology]. Moscow: Universitetskaya kniga. Search in Google Scholar

Murphy T. 1956. The pterion in the Australian aborigine. Am J Phys Anthropol 14(2):225–44. Search in Google Scholar

Nägele K, Posth C, Orbegozo MI, Chinique De Armas Y, Hernández Godoy ST, González Herrera UM et al. 2020. Genomic insights into the early peopling of the Caribbean. Science 369(6502):456–60. Search in Google Scholar

Napolitano MF, DiNapoli RJ, Stone JH, Levin MJ, Jew NP, Lane BG et al. 2019. Reevaluating human colonization of the Caribbean using chronometric hygiene and Bayesian modeling. Sci Adv 5(12):eaar7806. Search in Google Scholar

Padgham M, Sumner MD. 2021. geodist: Fast, Dependency-Free Geodesic Distance Calculations. R package version 0.0.7. Available at: https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=geodist [Accessed 3 September 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Perez SI. 2007. Artificial cranial deformation in South America: a geometric morphometrics approximation. J Archaeol Sci 34(10):1649–58. Search in Google Scholar

Pérez Carratalá A. 2014. Los primeros descubridores de Cuba y las Antillas. In: Pérez Cruz FJ, editor. Los indoamericanos en Cuba. Estudios abiertos al presente. La Habana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales. 72–81. Search in Google Scholar

Pietrusewsky M. 2014. Biological distance in bioarchaeology and human osteology. In: Smith C, editor. Encyclopedia of global archaeology. New York: Springer Reference. 889–902. Search in Google Scholar

Pospisil M, Rivero de la Calle MF. 1964. Estudios de los craneos aborigenes de Cuba del grupo no ceramista. In: Tolstov SP, Averkiyeva YuP, Bruk SI, Guber AA, Debets GF, Zhdanko TA et al., editors. VII Mezhdunarodnyi kongress antropologicheskikh i etnograficheskikh nauk 3. 87–98. Search in Google Scholar

R Core Team. 2020. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Available at: https://www.R-project.org/ [Accessed 5 May 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Relethford JH. 2002. Apportionment of global human genetic diversity based on craniometrics and skin color. Am J Phys Anthropol 118(4):393–98. Search in Google Scholar

Rhode MP, Arriaza BT. 2006. Influence of cranial deformation on facial morphology among prehistoric South Central Andean populations. Am J Phys Anthropol 130(4):462–70. Search in Google Scholar

Rivero de la Calle MF. 1949. Deformación craneana en los aborígenes de Cuba. Estudio Comparativo. Tesis de Grado para el Doctorado de Ciencias Naturales. La Habana: Universidad de la Habana. Search in Google Scholar

Rivero de la Calle MF. 1983. Características epigenéticas en cráneos aborígenes de Cuba. An antropol 20(1):171–87. Search in Google Scholar

Rodríguez Hernández D. 1998. Estudio antropológico de los restos óseos procedentes de la Cueva del Perico I, Bahía Honda, Pinar del Río. Tesis de Licenciatura. La Habana: Universidad de La Habana. Search in Google Scholar

Rohlf FJ, Sokal RR. 1995. Statistical tables. New York: Macmillan. Search in Google Scholar

Rohlf FJ. 2015. The tps series of software. Hystrix 26(1):9–12. Search in Google Scholar

RStudio Team. 2020. RStudio: Integrated Development for R. RStudio, PBC, Boston, MA. Available at: http://www.rstudio.com/ [Accessed 5 May 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Syutkina T. 2017. Kraniometricheskaia kharakteristika drevnego naseleniia Kuby dokeramicheskoi kultury [A Craniometric Study of the Ancient Preceramic Population of Cuba]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 4:65–82. Search in Google Scholar

Syutkina Т. 2018. Iskustvennaia deformatsiia cherepa u aborigennogo naseleniia dokolumbovoi Kuby [Artificial cranial deformation among the aboriginal population of Pre-Columbian Cuba]. Vest-nik Arheologii, Antropologii i Etnografii 4(43):136–46. Search in Google Scholar

Tabío EE. 1988. Introducción a la arqueología de las Antillas. La Habana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales. Search in Google Scholar

Tabío Palma E, Rey E. 1966. Prehistoria de Cuba. La Habana: Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, Departamento de Antropología. Search in Google Scholar

Thioulouse J, Dray S, Dufour A, Siberchicot A, Jombart T, Pavoine S. 2018. Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data with ade4. Springer. Available at: https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/ade4/index.html [Accessed 3 September 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Torres Etayo DA. 2006. Original Taínos: mitos y realidades de un pueblo sin rostro. Mexico: Editorial Asesor Pedagógico. Search in Google Scholar

Ulloa Hung J, Valcárcel Rojas R. 2019. Construction and deconstruction of the “Archaic” in Cuba and Hispaniola. In: Hoffman CL and AT Antczak, editors. Early Settlers of the Insular Caribbean. Decolonizing the Archaic. Leiden: Sidestone Press. 163–75. Search in Google Scholar

Valcárcel Rojas R. 2016. Archaeology of Early Colonial Interaction at El Chorro de Maíta, Cuba. Florida: University Press of Florida. Search in Google Scholar

Valdés Pi GA. Estudio craneométrico en aborígenes cubanos. Tesis en opción al grado de Master en Antropología. La Habana: Universidad de La Habana. Search in Google Scholar

Vasiliev AG, Vasilieva IA, Shkurikhin AO. 2018. Geometricheskaia morfometriia: ot teorii k praktike [Geometric morpho-metrics: from theory to practice]. Moscow: Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdaniy KMK. Search in Google Scholar

Zelditch ML, Swiderski DL. 2018. A Practical Companion to Geometric Morpho-metrics for Biologists: Running analyses in freely-available software (Second Edition). [e-book]. Available through: Researchgate https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328215969_A_Practical_Companion_to_Geometric_Morphometrics_for_Biologists_Running_analyses_in_freely-available_software_Second_Edition [Accessed 29 July 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo