1. bookAHEAD OF PRINT
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Fatty acid profile of intramuscular fat in the Longissimus lumborum and Semimembranosus muscles of bulls fed diets based on Virginia fanpetals, grass and maize silages

Published Online: 12 May 2021
Page range: -
Received: 03 Jun 2020
Accepted: 29 Mar 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Virginia fanpetals (Sida hermaphrodita) silage on the fatty acid profile and the content of selected nutrients and vitamins in the Longissimus lumborum (LL) and Semimembranosus (SM) muscles of young bulls. Forty Polish Holstein-Friesian bulls aged 16 months were assigned to four dietary treatments (n=10) and were fed different types of silage during a 7-month fattening period. The proportion (g/kg dry matter) of silage in the diets was as follows: (1) grass silage (GS) (600); (2) Virginia fanpetals silage (VFS) (600); (3) VFS (300) and GS (300); and (4) VFS (300) and maize silage (MS) (300). Silage was supplemented with concentrate at 400 g/kg DM in each diet. The animals were slaughtered at the end of the fattening period. The intramuscular fat (IMF) of bulls fed GS had the highest (P<0.05) concentrations of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and linolenic acid (LNA), whereas the IMF of bulls receiving GS and VFS was characterized by the highest proportion of MUFAs, mostly oleic acid (C18:1 cis 9). In comparison with the LL muscle, the SM muscle contained less IMF (by 40%) with a more nutritionally desirable profile. The SM muscle was characterized by a more desirable mineral composition and a higher concentration of α-tocopherol.

Keywords

AOAC (2005). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Official Methods of Analysis. 18th Edition. Arlington.Search in Google Scholar

Arnold R.N., Arp S.C., Scheller K.K., Williams S.N., Schaefer D.M. (1993). Tissue equilibration and subcellular-distribution of Vitamin-E relative to myoglobin and lipid oxidation in displayed beef. J. Anim. Sci., 71: 105–118.Search in Google Scholar

Barceló-Coblijn G., Murphy E.J. (2009). Alpha-linolenic acid and its conversion to longer chain n−3 fatty acids: Benefits for human health and a role in maintaining tissue n−3 fatty acid levels. Prog. Lipid Res., 48: 355–374.Search in Google Scholar

Borkowska H., Molas R., Kupczyk A. (2009). Virginia Fanpetals (Sida hermaphrodita Rusby) Cultivated on Light Soil; Height of Yield and Biomass Productivity. Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 18: 563-568.Search in Google Scholar

Borkowska H., Styk B. (2006). Sida hermaphrodita. Cultivation and use. Lublin AR Publisher, 2nd ed., 125 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Breslow J.L. (2006). n-3 Fatty acids and cardiovascular disease. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 83: 1477-1482.Search in Google Scholar

Buccioni A., Decandia M., Minieri S., Molle G., Cabiddu A. (2012). Lipid metabolism in the rumen: New insights on lipolysis and biohydrogenation with an emphasis on the role of endogenous plant factors. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 174: 1–25.Search in Google Scholar

Cabrera M.C., Ramos A., Saadoun A., Brito G. (2010). Selenium, copper, zinc, iron and manganese content of seven meat cuts from Hereford and Braford steers fed pasture in Uruguay. Meat Sci., 84: 518–528.Search in Google Scholar

Council Regulation (EC) No 1099/2009 of 24 September 2009 on the protection of animals at the time of killing. Official Journal of European Union L, 303: 1–30.Search in Google Scholar

Dannenberger D., Nuernberg G., Scollan N., Schabbel W., Steinhart H., Ender K., Nuernberg K. (2004). Effect of diet on the deposition of n−3 fatty acids, conjugated linoleic and C18:1trans fatty acid isomers in muscle lipids of German Holstein bulls. J. Agric. Food Chem., 52: 6607–6615.Search in Google Scholar

De Smet S., Raes K., Demeyer D. (2004). Meat fatty acid composition as affected by fatness and genetic factors: A review. Anim. Res., 53: 81-98.Search in Google Scholar

Decker E.A., Faustman C., Lopez-Bote C.J. (2000). Antioxidants in muscle foods. Nutrotional strategies to improve quality. John Wiley Publishing, New York, NY, USA, 512 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Domaradzki P., Żółkiewski P., Litwińczuk A., Florek M., Dmoch M. (2019). Profile and nutritional value of fatty acids in selected skeletal muscles of Polish Holstein-Friesian bulls. Med. Wet., 75, 5: 310-315.Search in Google Scholar

Durand D., Scislowski V., Gruffat D., Chilliard Y., Bauchart D. (2005). High-fat rations and lipid peroxidation in ruminants: Consequences on the health of animals and quality of their products. In J. F. Hocquette, & S. Gigli (Eds.), Indicators of milk and beef quality, Vol. 112. (pp. 137–150). Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.Search in Google Scholar

EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) (2010). NDA Panel Scientific opinion on dietary reference values for fats, including saturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids, and cholesterol. EFSA J., 8: 1461.Search in Google Scholar

Faucitano L., Chouinard P.Y., Fortin J., Mandell I.B., Lafreniere C., Girard C.L., Berthiaume R. (2008). Comparison of alternative beef production systems based on forage finishing or grain-forage diets with or without growth promotants: 2. Meat quality, fatty acid composition, and overall palatability. J. Anim. Sci., 86: 1678–1689.Search in Google Scholar

Fortin M., Julien P., Couture Y., Dubreuil P., Chouinard P.Y., Latulippe C., Davis T.A., Thivierge M.C. (2010). Regulation of glucose and protein metabolism in growing steers by long-chain n−3 fatty acids in muscle membrane phospholipids is dosedependent. Animal, 4: 89–101.Search in Google Scholar

Franzaring J., Holz I., Kauf Z., Fangmeier A. (2015). Responses of the novel bioenergy plant species Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby and Silphium perfoliatum L. to CO2 fertilization at different temperatures and water supply. Biomass and Bioenergy, 81: 574-583.Search in Google Scholar

Hunt M.R., Legako J.F., Dinh T.T.N., Garmyn A.J., O’quinn T.G., Corbin C.H., Miller M.F. (2016). Assessment of volatile compounds, neutral and polar lipid fatty acids offour beef muscles from USDA choice and select graded carcasses and their relation-ships with consumer palatability scores and intramuscular fat content. Meat Sci., 116: 91–101.Search in Google Scholar

IOM (2010) Dietary reference intakes tables and application. Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, USA. http://nationalacademies.org/hmd/Activities/Nutrition/SummaryDRIs/DRITables. Accessed 31 May 2020.Search in Google Scholar

Kennedy P.C., Dawson L.E.R., Lively F.O., Steen R.W.J., Fearon A.M., Moss B.W., Kilpatrick D.J. (2018). Effects of offering lupins/triticale and vetch/barley silages alone or in combination with grass silage on animal performance, meat quality and the fatty acid composition of lean meat from beef cattle. J. Agric. Sci., 156: 1005–1016.Search in Google Scholar

Kien S. (2004). The classification of carcasses of adult bovine animals in the EUROP. Meat and Fat Research Institute, Warsaw, Division in Poznań, Poland.Search in Google Scholar

Lee M.R., Evans P.R., Nute G.R., Richardson R.I., Scollan N.D. (2009). A comparison between red clover silage and grass silage feeding on fatty acid composition, meat stability and sensory quality of the M. Longissimus muscle of dairy cull cows. Meat Sci., 81: 738–744.Search in Google Scholar

Lopez-Huertas E. (2010). Health effects of oleic acid and long chain omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) enriched milks. A review of intervention studies. Pharmacol. Res., 61: 200–207.Search in Google Scholar

MacKintosh S.B., Richardson I., Kim E.J., Dannenberger D., Coulmier D., Scollan N.D. (2017). Addition of an extract of lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) to cattle diets – effects on fatty acid profile, meat quality and eating quality of the M. longissimus muscle. Meat Sci., 130: 69–80.Search in Google Scholar

Moloney A.P., Mooney M.T., Kerry J.P., Stanton C., O’Kiely P. (2013). Colour of fat, and colour, fatty acid composition and sensory characteristics of muscle from heifers offered alternative forages to grass silage in a finishing ration. Meat Sci., 95: 608–615.Search in Google Scholar

Momot M., Nogalski Z., Sobczuk-Szul M., Pogorzelska-Przybyłek P. (2016). Effect of fattening intensity on the fatty acid profile and mineral content of meat from Holstein-Friesian bulls. J. Elementol., 21(4): 1081-1091.Search in Google Scholar

Morris J. (2016). Operation Manual (Original), Extraction System B-811. 096675H en. BÜCHI Labortechnik AG. Meierseggstrasse 40. Postfach.Search in Google Scholar

Nogalski Z., Starczewski M., Purwin C., Pogorzelska-Przybyłek P., Sobczuk- Szul M., Modzelewska-Kapituła M. (2020). Carcass and meat quality traits in young bulls fed Virginia fanpetals silage. Ann. Anim. Sci., 20: 1127-1140.Search in Google Scholar

Nogalski Z., Wielgosz-Groth Z., Purwin C., Nogalska A., Sobczuk- Szul M., Winarski R., Pogorzelska P. (2014). The effect of slaughter weight and fattening intensity on changes in carcass fatness in young Holstein- Friesian bulls. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 13: 66-72.Search in Google Scholar

Oprzadek J., Oprzadek A. (2003). Modifications of fatty acids composition in ruminants. med. Wet., 59: 492-495.Search in Google Scholar

Pereira P.M., Vicente A.F. (2013). Meat nutritional composition and nutritive role in the human diet. Meat Sci., 93: 586-592.Search in Google Scholar

Piao M.Y., Yong H.I., Lee H.J., Fassah D.M., Kim H.J., Jo C., Baik M. (2017). Comparison of fatty acid profiles and volatile compounds among quality grades and their association with carcass characteristics in longissimus dorsi and semimembranosus muscles of Korean cattle steer. Livest. Sci., 198: 147–156.Search in Google Scholar

Polish Standard, PN EN 12822. (2014). Determination of Vitamin E by high performance liquid chromatography – measurement of alpha, beta, gamma and delta tocopherols (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Polish Standard, PN EN ISO 5508. (1996). Animal and vegetable fats and oils. Analysis by gas chromatography of methyl esters of fatty acids (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Polish Standard, PN-EN ISO 5509. (2001). Animal and vegetable fats and oils. Preparation of methyl esters of fatty acids (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Ponnampalam E.N., Jacobs J.L., Hopkins D.L. (2018). Increasing omega-3 levels in ruminants under pasture-based systems: An Invited Review. In “The contribution of animals of Animals to Human Welfare” OIE Scientific and Technical Review, 37 (1), (Ed. T Grandin), 57-70 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Realini C., Kallas Z., Pérez-Juan M., Gómez I., Olleta J., Beriain M., Alberti P., Sańudo C. (2014). Relative importance of cues underlying Spanish consumers’ beef choice and segmentation, and consumer liking of beef enriched with n-3 and CLA fatty acids. Food Qual. Prefer., 33: 74–85.Search in Google Scholar

Röhrle F.T., Moloney A.P., Black A., Osorio M.T., Sweeney T., Schmidt O., Monahan F.J. (2011). α-Tocopherol stereoisomers in beef as an indicator of vitamin E supplementation in cattle diets. Food Chem., 124: 935-940.Search in Google Scholar

Salter A.M. (2013). Dietary fatty acids and cardiovascular disease. Animal, 7: 163–171.Search in Google Scholar

Scollan N.D., Costa P., Hallett K.G., Nute G.R., Wood J.D., Richardson R.I. (2006). The fatty acid composition of muscle fat and relationships to meat quality in Charolais steers: Influence of level of red clover in the diet. Proc. Brit. Soci. Anim. Sci., Winter (pp. 23), BSAS.Search in Google Scholar

Scollan N.D., Dannenberger D., Nuernberg K., Richardson I., MacKintosh S., Hocquette J.F., Moloney A.P. (2014). Enhancing the nutritional and health value of beef lipids and their relationship with meat quality. Meat Sci., 97: 384-394.Search in Google Scholar

Siri-Tarino P.W., Sun Q., Hu F.B., Krauss R.M. (2010). Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 91: 535–546.Search in Google Scholar

Tarkowski A. (2008). The yield and chemical composition of milk of cows fed the ration with protein-fibrous-extruderate. J. Cent. Eur. Agr., 9: 645-650.Search in Google Scholar

Titei V. (2015). Agro Biological Peculiarities and Economical Value of Sida Hermaphrodita in Republic of Moldova. ProEnvironment 8: 485-489.Search in Google Scholar

Turkki P.R., Campbell A.M. (1967). Relation of phospholipids to other lipid components in two beef muscles. J. Food Sci., 32: 151-154.Search in Google Scholar

Valencak T.G., Gamsjaeger L., Ohrnberger S., Culbert N.J., Ruf T. (2015) Healthy n-6/n-3 fatty acid composition from five European game meat species remains after cooking. BMC Res Notes, 8: 273 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Webb E.C. (2006). Manipulating beef quality through feeding. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci., 7: 5-15.Search in Google Scholar

Wielgosz-Groth Z., Sobczuk-Szul M., Nogalski Z., Mochol M., Purwin C., Winarski R. (2017). Fatty acid profiles of intramuscular, intermuscular, external and internal fat in Polish Holstein-Friesian x Hereford bulls and steers fed grass silage-based diets supplemented with concentrates. Anim. Prod. Sci., 57: 371-377.Search in Google Scholar

Williams C. (2000). Dietary fatty acids and human health. Ann. Zootech., 49: 165–180.Search in Google Scholar

Williams J.E., Wagner D.G., Walters L.E., Horn G.W., Waller G.R., Sims P.L., Guenther J.J. (1983). Effect of production systems on performance, body composition and lipid and mineral profiles of soft tissue in cattle. J. Anim. Sci., 57: 1020-1024.Search in Google Scholar

Wood J.D., Enser M., Fisher A.V., Nute G.R., Sheard P.R., Richardson R.I., Hugles S.I., Whittington F.M. (2008). Fat deposition, fatty acid composition and meat quality: A review. Meat Sci., 78: 343-358.Search in Google Scholar

World Health Organization (WHO). (2011). Guideline: Vitamin A supplementation in pregnant women. ttp://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/44625/1/9789241501781_eng.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

Żegarska Z., Jaworski J., Borejszo Z. (1991). Ocena zmodyfikowanej metody Peiskera otrzymywania estrów metylowych kwasów tłuszczowych. Acta Acad. Agric. Tech. Olst., 24: 25-33.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo