1. bookAHEAD OF PRINT
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Effect of fermented rapeseed meal as a feed component on the redox and immune system of pregnant sows and their offspring

Published Online: 29 May 2021
Page range: -
Received: 15 Sep 2020
Accepted: 28 Apr 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the effect of dried fermented rapeseed meal (FRSM) in diets for sows on blood redox and immunological parameters, taking into account the physiological period (pregnancy or lactation) and age (primiparous vs multiparous sows). The experiment also aimed to determine how FRSM administered to pregnant sows, affect the antioxidant and immune systems of piglets. The animals were divided to 4 groups of 15 animals each. Control groups of primiparous (CG) and multiparous sows (CS) received a standard diet for pregnant or lactating sows. Experimental groups of primiparous (EG) and multiparous sows (ES) received feed with a 4% share of FRSM in place of soybean meal up to 100 day of gestation, 9% share of FRSM from 100 day of gestation to 7 day of lactation, and then again 4% share of FRSM until the end of lactation. In the blood plasma of pregnant sows fed diet with FRSM addition, higher FRAP value and vitamin C, uric acid (UA), immunoglobulin IgG content, lymphocytes (LYM) count and a lower content of malondialdehyde (MDA), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), immunoglobulin IgM was noted than in the blood plasma of control sows. Both primiparous and multiparous lactation sows whose feed included FRSM had higher catalase (CAT) activity, higher FRAP, vitamin C, immunoglobulin IgG and IL-6 content, and lower UA content than the control sows. Piglets born to sows fed diet with FRSM addition had significantly higher FRAP values, vitamin C, IgG, and IL-6 content and white blood cells (WBC) count and lower MDA and UA content in the blood plasma than piglets born to sows from control group. Multiparous sows compared to primiparous sows had higher CAT activity, and higher vitamin C, LOOH, creatinine (CREAT), and IgM content. Elevated FRAP, and CREAT levels and reduced MDA content were also observed in the plasma of the multiparous sows compared to primiparous sows during lactation. Multiparous lactation sows compared to primiparous sows had lower WBC count, and IgG and IgM content. Piglets born to multiparous sows had higher FRAP values, LOOH content and IgA content while lower MDA content compared to piglets born to primiparous sows. The inclusion of dried fermented rapeseed meal in feed for sows significantly stimulates antioxidant processes in primiparous and multiparous sows and in their piglets. The inclusion of dried fermented rapeseed meal in the diet of sows stimulates antioxidant processes in primiparous and multiparous sows and in their piglets. This is responsible for stimulation of the immune system (increased LYM counts and IgG titres in the blood plasma). The improved antioxidant status in the plasma suggests that dried fermented rapeseed meal stimulated the immune system of pregnant and lactating sows and their new-born off spring.

Keywords

Cai C.J., Cai P.P., Hou C.L., Zeng X.F., Qiao S.Y. (2014). Administration of Lactobacillus fermentum I5007 to young piglets improved their health and growth. J. Anim. Feed Sci., 23: 222–227.Search in Google Scholar

Campbell M., Crenshaw J.D., Polo J. (2013). The biological stress of early weaned piglets. J. Anim. Sci. Biotech., 4: 1–8.Search in Google Scholar

Canibe N., Jensen B.B. (2012). Fermented liquid feed – microbial and nutritional aspects and impact on enteric diseases in pigs. Anim. Feed Sci. Techn., 173: 17-40.Search in Google Scholar

Casanueva E., Viteri F.E. (2003). Iron and oxidative stress in pregnancy. J. Nutr., 133: 1700-1708.Search in Google Scholar

Castillo C., Hernandez J., Bravo A., Lopez-Alonso M., Pereira V., Benedito J.L. (2005). Oxidative status during late pregnancy and early lactation in dairy cows. Vet. J., 169: 286-292.Search in Google Scholar

Ceriello A., Bortolotti N., Falleti E., Taboga C., Tonutti L., Crescentini A., Motz E., Lizzio S., Russo A., Bartoli E. (1997). Total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter in NIDDM patients. Diab. Care., 20: 194–197.Search in Google Scholar

Czech A., Grela E.R. (2004). Biochemical and haematological blood parameters of sows during pregnancy and lactation fed the diet with different source and activity of phytase. Anim. Feed Sci. Techn., 116: 211-223.Search in Google Scholar

Czech A., Grela E.R., Kiesz M., Kłys S. (2020). Biochemical and haematological blood parameters of sows and piglets fed a diet with a dried fermented rapeseed meal. Ann. Anim. Sci., 20: 535-550.Search in Google Scholar

Czech A., Ognik K., Laszewska M., Sembratowicz I. (2017) The effect of raw and extruded linseed on the chemical composition, lipid profile and redox status of meat of turkey hens. Anim Sci Pap. Rep., 35: 57-69.Search in Google Scholar

Czech A., Grela E.R., Mokrzycka A., Pejsak Z. (2010). Efficacy of mannanoligosaccharides additive to sows diets on colostrum, blood immunoglobulin content and production parameters of piglets. Pol. J. Vet. Sci., 13: 525-531.Search in Google Scholar

De Vos W.M. (1996). Metabolic engineering of sugar catabolism in lactic acid bacteria. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek: Nederlandsch tijdschrift voor hygiëne, microbiologie en serologie. 70: 223-242.Search in Google Scholar

Declerck I., Dewulf J., Piepers S., Decaluwé R., Maes D. (2015). Sow and litter factors influencing colostrum yield and nutritional composition. J. Anim. Sci., 93: 1309-1317.Search in Google Scholar

Gao J., Zhang H.J., Wu S.G., Yu S.H., Yoon I., Moore D. (2009). Effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product on immune functions of broilers challenged with Eimeriatenella. Poult. Sci., 88: 2141–2151.Search in Google Scholar

Grela E.R., Czech A., Kiesz M., Wlazło Ł., Nowakowicz-Dębek B. (2019). The effects of a fermented rapeseed meal additive on reproductive performance, nutrient digestibility, colostrum immunoglobulin content and microbial flora in sows. Anim. Nutr., 5: 373-379.Search in Google Scholar

Guillemet R., Dourmad J.Y., Meunier-Salaun M.C. (2006). Feeding behaviour in primiparous lactating sows: Impact of a high-fiber diet during pregnancy. J. Anim. Sci., 84: 2474-2481.Search in Google Scholar

Jakobsen G.V., Jensen B.B., Bach Knudsen K.E., Brooks N. (2015). Improving the nutritional value of rapeseed cake and wheat dried distillers grains with solubles by addition of enzymes during liquid fermentation. Anim. Feed Sci. Techn., 208: 198–213.Search in Google Scholar

Jha R., Leterme P. (2012). Feed ingredients differing in fermentable fibre and indigestible protein content affect fermentation metabolites and faecal nitrogen excretion in growing pigs. Animal, 6: 603-611.Search in Google Scholar

Kirchgessner M., Roth F.X. (1983). Schätzgleichungen zur Ermittlung des energetischen Futterwertes von Mischfuttermitteln für Schweine. Zeitschrift für Tierphysiologie Tierernährung und Futtermittelkunde. 50(1–5): 270–5.Search in Google Scholar

Knauf H.J., Vogel R.F., Hammes W.P. (1992). Cloning sequencing and phenotypic expression of kat A which encodes the catalase of Lactobacillus sake LTH677. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 58: 832-839.Search in Google Scholar

Liu K., Wu W., Li B., Wei W., Liu Z., Liu H. (2018). Changes in oxidative stress status in sows from days 100 of gestation to post-partum estrus. Pakis. Vet. J., 38: 165-168.Search in Google Scholar

Missotten J.A.M., Michiels J., Degroote J., De Smet S. (2015). Fermented liquid feed for pigs: an ancient technique for the future. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 6: 4.Search in Google Scholar

Nagler-Anderson C., Terhorst C., Bhan A.K., Podolsky D.K. (2001). Mucosal antigen presentation and the control of tolerance and immunity. Trend Immun., 22: 120-122.Search in Google Scholar

Nutrient Requirements of Swine: Eleventh Revised Edition. Revised edition. Washington, D.C: National Academies Press, 2012.Search in Google Scholar

Rooke J.A., Bland I.M. (2002). The acquisition of passive immunity in the new born piglet. Livestock Prod. Sci., 78: 13–23.Search in Google Scholar

Stecchini M.L., Torre M.D., Munari M. (2001). Determination of peroxy radical scavenging of lactic acid bacteria. Int. J. Food Microbiol., 64: 183-188.Search in Google Scholar

Sugiharto S., Ranjitkar S. (2019). Recent advances in fermented feeds towards improved broiler chicken performance, gastrointestinal tract microecology and immune responses: A review. Anim. Nutr., 5: 1-10.Search in Google Scholar

Tomaszewska E., Muszyński S., Dobrowolski P., Kamiński D., Czech A., Grela E.R., Wiącek D., Tomczyk-Warunek A. (2019). Dried fermented post-extraction rapeseed meal given to sows as an alternative protein source for soybean meal during pregnancy improves bone development of their offspring. Livestock Sci., 224: 60-68.Search in Google Scholar

Wang J., Ji H.F., Wang S.X., Zhang D.Y., Liu H., Shan D.C., Wang Y.M. (2012). Lactobacillus plantarum ZLP001: In vitro assessment of antioxidant capacity and effect on growth performance and antioxidant status in weaning piglets. Asian-Australas J. Anim. Sci., 25:1153-1158.Search in Google Scholar

Yin J., Wu M.M., Xiao H., Ren W.K., Duan J.L., Yang G., Li T.J., Yin Y.L. (2014). Development of an antioxidant system after early weaning in piglets. J. Anim. Sci., 92: 612–619.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo