1. bookVolume 17 (2021): Issue 1 (January 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2255-8764
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Approaches to Modernizing the Architectural and Planning Structure of Maternity Institutions in the Context of a Pandemic and a New Social Distance

Published Online: 04 Sep 2021
Page range: 70 - 78
Received: 12 Jan 2021
Accepted: 01 Jul 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2255-8764
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The article discusses individual approaches to the formation of the architectural and spatial environment of maternity hospitals and perinatal centres contributing to social distancing. A ‘functional-spatial’ approach is proposed, in which the boundaries of spaces in the most active functional areas of the maternity hospital are changed: entrance area, reception of women in labour, area for relatives and visitors of the hospital, delivery of newborns, consultations in the polyclinic department of the maternity hospital. As a planning technique for distancing is proposed the formation of a system of space ‘soft borders’ using flexible, inclined, semi-cylindrical and ‘flowing’ translucent partitions. The second, ‘environmental approach’, is based on changing the scheme of communication and environmental situations in the internal environment of the maternity hospital due to the thoughtful arrangement of furniture and interior equipment, as well as due to light, colour and graphic navigation. Such a reorganization of the architectural and spatial structure of the maternity hospitals, based on the requirements of social distancing, preserves the value characteristics of the therapeutic environment.

Keywords

1. Fahy, K. M., Parratt, J. A. Birth Territory: a theory for midwifery practice. Women and birth. Journal of the Australian College of Midwives, vol. 19, no. 2, 2006, pp. 45–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2006.05.00110.1016/j.wombi.2006.05.001 Search in Google Scholar

2. Purves, G. Primary Care Centres: A Guide to Health Care Design. Second Edition. London: Routledge, 2009. 216 p. https://doi.org/10.4324/978008094066310.4324/9780080940663 Search in Google Scholar

3. Fahy, K. M., Foureur, M., Hastie, C. Birth Territory and Midwifery Guardianship: Theory for Practice, Education and Research, 1st Edition. Books for Midwives, 2008. 198 p. Search in Google Scholar

4. Pilkington, H., Blondel, B., Papiemik, E., Cuttini, M., Charreire, H., Maier, R. F., Petrou, S., Combier, E., Kuenzel, W., Breart, G., Zeitlin, J., MOSAIC group. Distribution of maternity units and spatial access to specialized care for women delivering before 32 weeks of gestation in Europe. Health & Place, vol. 16, no. 3, 2010, pp. 531–538. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.12.01110.1016/j.healthplace.2009.12.011 Search in Google Scholar

5. Parratt, J. A. Territories of the self and spiritual practices during childbirth. In Birth territory and midwifery guardianship: theory for practice, education and research. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2008. pp. 39–54. Search in Google Scholar

6. Frank, K. A., Lepori, R. B. Architecture from the inside out: From the body, the senses, the site, and the community, 2nd edition. Chichester, UK: Academy Press, 2007. 200 p. Search in Google Scholar

7. Chashchina, A., Skopintsev, A. Analysis of the Current State of the Architectural Environment of Maternity Hospitals and Perinatal Centers (On the Example of Cities of the South of Russia). Bulletin of Belgorod State Technological University named after. V. G. Shukhov, vol. 5, no. 4, 2020, pp. 74–83. https://doi.org/10.34031/2071-7318-2020-5-4-74-8310.34031/2071-7318-2020-5-4-74-83 Search in Google Scholar

8. Chebereva, O. N. Architectural modernization Principles of Medical Somatic Hospitals complexes (on the example of Nizhny Novgorod city hospitals): PhD thesis of Architecture. NN., 2009. 210 p. [online 15.08.2020]. https://www.dissercat.com/content/printsipy-arkhitekturnoi-modernizatsii-kompleksov-meditsinskikh-somaticheskikh-statsionarov- Search in Google Scholar

9. Chebereva, O. N. Medical Hospital Architecture as a Medical Architecture. Collection of works of postgraduates and undergraduates. Architecture. Geoecology. Economy. Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. 2003. pp. 38–42. Search in Google Scholar

10. Health Building Note 09-02: Maternity Care Facilities. Department of Health. London, 2013. 82 p. [online]. Gov.uk [cited 01.12.2020]. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/147876/HBN_09-02_Final.pdf Search in Google Scholar

11. Purves, G. Healthy Living Centers a guide to primary health care design. 1st ed. Architectural Press, 2002. 241 p. Search in Google Scholar

12. Beigi, R. H., Davis, G., Hodges, J., Akers, A. Preparedness planning for pandemic influenza among large US maternity hospitals. Emerging Health Threats Journal, 2009, vol. 2, e2. https://doi.org/10.3134/ehtj.09.00210.3134/ehtj.09.002 Search in Google Scholar

13. Thoughts on a Pandemic: Designing Hospitals for the Future [online]. RMJM [cited 25.08.2020] https://www.rmjm.com/thoughts-pandemic-design-hospitals-future/ Search in Google Scholar

14. Hyperfunctional Logics for the Quarantined City [online]. Quarantinology [cited 20.10.2020] http://quarantinology.com/ Search in Google Scholar

15. Paula Scher High Line covers in green dots to encourage social distancing [online], Dezeen [cited 15.08.2020] https://www.dezeen.com/2020/07/21/paula-scher-graphics-high-line-social-distancing/ Search in Google Scholar

16. Crop circles: a social distancing experience at Domino Park in New York [online]. Posta-Magazine [cited 10.11.2020] https://posta-magazine.ru/article/domino-park-circles-social-distancing/ Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo