1. bookVolume 48 (2021): Issue 2 (July 2021)
Journal Details
First Published
16 Apr 2017
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
access type Open Access

Nickel in forests – a short review on its distribution and fluxes

Published Online: 31 Jul 2021
Page range: 205 - 214
Received: 23 Apr 2021
Accepted: 06 Jul 2021
Journal Details
First Published
16 Apr 2017
Publication timeframe
2 times per year

The distribution and cycling of nickel (Ni) in forests is greatly affected by their proximity to emission sources of the metal. The throughfall deposition is always richer in Ni than the bulk deposition. It can be inferred that some dry deposition enriches the throughfall. In remote forested areas, the hydrological fluxes of Ni do not differ a lot from those in litterfall. In addition, the current year needles in conifers have higher concentrations than the older needles, a sign of absorption and mobility of the metal. In contrast, near an industrial Ni source the older needles accumulate much more of the metal. The Ni content in bark tissue can be used to map the deposition distribution of the metal around an area (rural or urban). The concentrations of Ni in forest soils is also dependent on their distances from the Ni emission sources and the nature of the soil parent material. The Ni concentrations increase with soil depth due to the geogenic origin of the metal. Low pH greatly enhances the mobility of the metal in soils, much more than the leachability of organic matter.


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