1. bookVolume 14 (2020): Issue 2 (December 2020)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
26 Jun 2014
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Primary drug-related crime in the Czech Republic from a geographical perspective: study of urban, suburban and rural differences

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 134 - 142
Received: 31 May 2020
Accepted: 30 Nov 2020
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
26 Jun 2014
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English

Illicit drug use and drug-related crime constitute a significant issue and create large economic and societal costs both at national and regional level. The aim of this article is to examine the differences in primary drug-related crime between urban, suburban and rural local police departments in Czechia. The primary drug-related crime rate in local police departments was constructed from the data collected in the national crime database and the geographical classification of these departments was taken from previous research. To analyze the differences among urban, suburban and rural departments, we used the general linear model. The models with measures that were not standardized for the number of inhabitants were all significant, while not all the models with standardized measures were significant. Overall primary drug-related crime, unauthorized production and other handling of illicit drugs and possession of illicit drugs models with standardized measures showed no significant differences between departments. The cultivation of plants model with standardized measure shows an increase in the predicted values of independent variables in suburban and rural departments compared to urban departments. Our research results show that local urban police departments are not related to higher rates of standardized primary drug-related crime, although there are differences in specific drug law offences. It suggests that drug-related issues are prevalent in all types of departments, however, the specific issues differ between them. Conclusions: The research showed that standardized primary drug-related crime rate in urban departments is not higher than in suburban or rural local police departments.

Keywords

Bless R, Kemmesies U, Diemel S, Group of Experts in Epidemiology of Drug Problems, and Council of Europe. (2000). 3rd Multi- City Study: Drug Use Trends in European Cities in the 1990s. Council of Europe.Search in Google Scholar

Bretteville-Jensen A, Storti C, Kattau T, Mikulic S, Trigueiros F, Papamalis F, Piscociu L, Tsarev S (2017) Public Expenditure on Supply Reduction Policies. Council of Europe.Search in Google Scholar

Degenhardt L, Charlson F, Ferrari A, Santomauro D, Erskine H, Mantilla-Herrara A, Whiteford H, Leung J, Naghavi M, Griswold M, Rehm J, Hall W, Sartorius B, Scott J, Vollset S, Knudsen A, Haro J, Patton G, Kopec J, Malta D, Topor-Madry R, Mc- Grath J, Haagsma J, Allebeck P, Phillips M, Salomon J, Hay S, Foreman K, Lim S, Mokdad A, Smith M, Gakidou E, Murray Ch, Vos T (2018) The Global Burden of Disease Attributable to Alcohol and Drug Use in 195 Countries and Territories, 1990–2016: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. The Lancet Psychiatry 5(12): 987–1012.Search in Google Scholar

EMCDDA (2019) European Drug Report 2019: Trends and Developments. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.Search in Google Scholar

Dasgupta N, Funk J, Brownstein S (2008) Comparing unintentional opioid poisoning mortality in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties, United States, 1999–2003. In Thomas Y, Richardson D, Cheung I (eds.) Geography and drug addiction. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 175-192.Search in Google Scholar

Gavurova B, Soltes M (2016). System of day surgery in Slovakia: analysis of pediatric day surgery discrepancies in the regions and their importance in strategy of its development. E M Ekonomie a management. 19(1), 74-92.Search in Google Scholar

Gavurova B, Soltes M, Kovac V (2017). Application of cluster analysis in process of competitiveness modelling of Slovak Republic regions. Transformations in Business Economics, 16(3), 129-147.Search in Google Scholar

Hartnoll R, Vincent H, Morrival M (1998) The Assessment of Drug Problems. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe.Search in Google Scholar

Hedegaard H, Miniño AM, Warner M (2019) Urban–rural differences in drug overdose death rates, by sex, age, and type of drugs involved, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Search in Google Scholar

Hlaváček P, Koutský J (2011) The polarization tendencies in localization of foreign direct investments in the Czech Republic. 10th International Conference of Liberec Economic Forum: 186-194.Search in Google Scholar

Jíchová J. (2014) Výzkum zločinu v Česku z pohledu geografie. Historická geografie 40(1): 73–93.Search in Google Scholar

Jíchová J (2017) Kriminalita v Praze: měřítková diferenciace a možnosti měření. In Ouředníček M, Jíchová J (eds.) Sociální prostředí Prahy: město na prahu 21. století. Academia, Praha, pp. 63-91.Search in Google Scholar

Jíchová J, Přidalová I, Ouředníček M (2018) Testing criminological theories beyond the West: evidence from Czechia during and after transition. Eurasian Geography and Economics 59(5-6): 733-759.Search in Google Scholar

Kážmér L, Dzúrová D, Csémy L, Spilková J (2014) Multiple health risk behaviour in Czech adolescents: Family, school and geographic factors. Health place, 29: 18-25.Search in Google Scholar

Kážmér L, Chomynová P, Csémy L (2019) What Affects What? Perceived Cannabis Availability and Its Use Among Czech Urban Youth—A Multilevel Sociogeographic Analysis. SAGE Open 9(2).Search in Google Scholar

Koutský J, Slach O, Boruta T (2011) Restructuring economies of old industrial regions–local tradition, global trends. Scale of Globalization: Think Globally, Act Locally, Change Individually in the 21st Century: 166-173.Search in Google Scholar

Lejčková P, Mravčík V, Radimecký J (2007) Regional Comparison of Drug Use in the Czech Republic in 2002: Situation Analysis in Wider Demographic and Socioeconomic Contexts. Journal of Drug Issues 37(1): 133–53.Search in Google Scholar

McLafferty S (2008) Placing substance abuse. In Thomas Y, Richardson D, Cheung I (eds.) Geography and drug addiction. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 1-17.Search in Google Scholar

Monnat SM (2019) The contributions of socioeconomic and opioid supply factors to US drug mortality rates: urban-rural and within-rural differences. Journal of rural studies 68: 319-335.Search in Google Scholar

Mounteney J, Griffiths P (2019) Monitoring Trends: Use of Local Data. In Nicosia G, Pardalos P, Giuffrida G, Umeton R (eds.) Machine Learning, Optimization, and Big Data. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 223–32.Search in Google Scholar

Mravčík V, Chomynová P, Grohmannová K, Janíková B, Černíková T, Rous Z, Tion Leštinová Z, Kiššová L, Nechanská B, Vlach T Fidesová H, Vopravil J (2018) Annual Report on Drug Situation 2017 – Czech Republic. Úřad vlády České republiky, Praha.Search in Google Scholar

Nemeškal J, Jíchová J (2018) Prostorový vzorec kriminality v Česku. Demografie 60: 124–139.Search in Google Scholar

Paulozzi LJ, Xi Y (2008) Recent changes in drug poisoning mortality in the United States by urban–rural status and by drug type. Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety 17(10): 997-1005.Search in Google Scholar

Petruželka B, Barták M (2019) Analysis of the Association between Public Health and Drug Market Policing: Review of Law Enforcement Indicators. Adiktologie, 19(1): 43–51.Search in Google Scholar

Roubalová M, Grohmannová K, Trávníčková I, Zeman P (2019) Možnosti zjišťování míry a struktury sekundární drogové kriminality v podmínkách České republiky. Institut pro kriminologii a sociální prevenci, Praha.Search in Google Scholar

Schifano F, (2008). Is urbanization a risk factor for substance misuse?. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 21(4): 391-397.Search in Google Scholar

Singleton N, Cunningham A, Groshkova T, Royuela L, Sedefov R (2018). Drug Supply Indicators: Pitfalls and Possibilities for Improvements to Assist Comparative Analysis. The International Journal on Drug Policy 56:131–36.Search in Google Scholar

Soltes M, Gavurova B (2014). Identification of the Functionality Level of Day Surgery in Slovakia. Ekonomický časopis. 62(10), 1031-1051.Search in Google Scholar

Špačková P, Ouředníček M, Novák J, Klsák A (2016) Zóny rezidenční suburbanizace 2013. Specializovaná mapa. Přírodovědecká fakulta Univerzity Karlovy.Search in Google Scholar

Spilková J, Pikhart H, Dzúrová D (2015) Multilevel analysis of health risk behaviour in Czech teenagers. Auc Geographica 50(1): 91-100.Search in Google Scholar

Štefunková M (2011) Drogy a kriminalita – jaký je mezi nimi vztah? Adiktologie (11)3: 156–164.Search in Google Scholar

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) (2020) World Drug Report 2020. United Nations publication. Vienna.Search in Google Scholar

Wells LE, Weisheit RA (2004) Patterns of rural and urban crime: a county-level comparison. Criminal Justice Review 29(1): 1–22.Search in Google Scholar

Zábranský T, Běláčková V, Štefunková M, Vopravil J, Langrová M (2011) Společenské náklady užívání alkoholu, tabáku a nelegálních drog v ČR v roce 2007: Zpráva z výzkumu. Centrum adiktologie, Psychiatrická klinika, 1. lékařská fakulta v Praze a Všeobecná fakultní nemocnice v Praze, Praha.Search in Google Scholar

Zeman P, Štefunková M, Trávníčková I (2017) Increase in Figures on Drug Offences in the Czech Republic: An Epidemic of Drug Crime or Something Else? Česká Kriminologie 2(1): 1–13.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo