1. bookVolume 20 (2021): Issue 2 (December 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
10 Jul 2007
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Taxonomic significance of palynomorphological characteristics of selected Centranthus (Caprifoliaceae) species

Published Online: 08 Jul 2021
Page range: 243 - 256
Received: 03 Jul 2020
Accepted: 03 Nov 2020
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
10 Jul 2007
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Pollen morphology of herbarium specimens of four Centranthus species (C. ruber, C. longiflorus, C. kellereri and C. calcitrapae) was studied using LM and SEM. The research aim was to provide data on their pollen characteristics and to evaluate the taxonomic value of these data for species-specific identification. Pollen grains are tricolpate, suboblate to prolate (P/E = 0.81–1.42); medium- or large-sized (P = 49.21–90.44 µm; E = 43.89–93.10 µm). Colpi are long or medium-length, wide at equator, tapered to acute or obtuse ends. Exine sculpture is echinatemicroechinate-nanoechinate; echini (1.00–1.39 µm high) and microechini (0.55–0.98 µm) are conical, with straight or convex sides and acute apices, nanoechini are 0.22–0.46 µm high. Most important characters of taxa diagnostic at species level for the taxonomy are: size of pollen and colpi, exine structure, size of echini and microechini, and pattern of tectum in areas between echini. Pollen grains of C. calcitrapae and C. macrosiphon (sect. Calcitrapa) are generally smaller in size than grains of C. ruber, C. longiflorus and C. kellereri (sect. Centranthus). Pollen of C. kellereri was analysed for the first time in the current study.

Keywords

APG II. 2003: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141(4): 399–436. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1095-8339.2003.t01-1-00158.x Search in Google Scholar

APGIII. 2009: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 105–121. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x Search in Google Scholar

APG IV. 2016: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1–20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385 Search in Google Scholar

Backlund, A. A. & Donoghue, M. J. 1996: Morphology and phylogeny of the order Dipsacales. In: Backlund, A. A. (ed.): Phylogeny of the Dipsacales, Part 4. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, pp. 1–55. Search in Google Scholar

Bell, C. D. 2004: Preliminary phylogeny of Valerianaceae (Dipsacales) inferred from nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31(1): 340–350. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2003.07.006 Search in Google Scholar

Bell, C. D. 2007: Phylogenetic placement and biogeography of the North American species of Valerianella (Valerianaceae: Dipsacales) based on chloroplast and nuclear DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44(3): 929–941. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2007.03.013 Search in Google Scholar

Bell, C. D., Calderon, G., Gonzalez, L., Scholz, A. & Liede-Schumann, S. 2015: Resolving Relationships within Valerianaceae (Dipsacales): New Insights and Hypotheses from Low-Copy Nuclear Regions. Systematic Botany 40(1): 327–335. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1600/036364415X686611 Search in Google Scholar

Bell, C. D. & Donoghue, M. J. 2005: Phylogeny and biogeography of Valerianaceae (Dipsacales) with special reference to the South American valerians. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 5(2): 147–159. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ode.2004.10.014 Search in Google Scholar

Bell, C. D., Edwards, E. J., Kim, S.-T. & Donoghue, M. J. 2001: Dipsacales phylogeny based on chloroplast DNA sequences. Harvard Papers in Botany 6(2): 481–499. DOI: https://www.jstor.org/stable/41761758 Search in Google Scholar

Bell, C. D., Kutschker, A. & Arroyo, M. T. K. 2012: Phylogeny and diversification of Valerianaceae (Dipsacales) in the southern Andes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63(3): 724–737. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.02.015 Search in Google Scholar

Bezusko, L. G. & Tsymbalyuk, Z. M. 2011: Palynotheka of the M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, NAS of Ukraine. In: Shiyan, N. M. (ed.): Herbaria of Ukraine. Index Herbariorum Ucrainicum. Alterpress, Kyiv, pp. 138–141 [in Ukrainian]. Search in Google Scholar

Bilz, M. 2011: Centranthus longiflorus ssp. kellereri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T165284A5999617. [Downloaded on 25 May 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Bilz, M., Kell, S. P., Maxted, N. & Lansdown, R. V. 2011: European Red List of Vascular Plants. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, x + 130 pp. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2779/8515 Search in Google Scholar

Brummitt, R. K. & Powell, C. E. (eds.). 1992: Authors of plant names. A list of authors of scientific names of plants, with recommended standard forms of their names, including abbreviations. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 732 pp. Search in Google Scholar

Clarke, G. 1978: Pollen morphology and generic relationships in the Valerianaceae. Grana 17(2): 61–75. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00173137809428855 Search in Google Scholar

Clarke, G. C. S. & Jones, M. R. 1977: The Northwest European Pollen Flora: 16. Valerianaceae. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 24(5): 155–179. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0034-6667(77)90038-0 Search in Google Scholar

Delipavlov, D., Popova, M. & Ančev, M. 1995: Centranthus DC. In: Kožuharov, S. (ed.): Florae Reipublicae Bulgaricae, Vol. 10. Editio Acad. “Prof. Marin Drinov”, Serdicae, pp. 394–396 [in Bulgarian]. Search in Google Scholar

Diez, M. J. 1984: Contribución al atlas palinológico de Andalucia Occidental, V. Valerianaceae. Anales de la Asociación de Palinólogos de Lengua Española (A.P.L.E.) 1: 49–58. Search in Google Scholar

Donoghue, M. J., Bell, C. D. & Winkworth, R. C. 2003: The evolution of reproductive characters in Dipsacales. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164(S5): S453–S464. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/376874 Search in Google Scholar

Donoghue, M. J., Eriksson, T., Reeves, P. A. & Olmstead, R. G. 2001: Phylogeny and phylogenetic taxonomy of Dipsacales, with special reference to Sinadoxa and Tetradoxa (Adoxaceae). Harvard Papers of Botany 6(2): 459–479. Search in Google Scholar

Erdtman, G. 1952: Pollen Morphology and Plant Taxonomy. Angiosperms. Almqvist & Wiksell, Stockholm, xii + 539 pp. Search in Google Scholar

Halbritter, H., Ulrich, S., Grímsson, F., Weber, M., Zetter, R., Hesse, M., Buchner, R., Svojtka, M. & Frosch-Radivo, A. 2018: Illustrated Pol­len Terminology. 2nd edition. Springer International Publishing, Cham, XVIII + 501 pp. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71365-6 Search in Google Scholar

Hassler, M. 2020: World Plants: World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World (version Nov 2018). In: Roskov, Y., Ower, G., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P. M., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R. E., Decock, W., Nieukerken, E. van, Penev, L. (eds.): Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2020-04-16 Beta. Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858 [accessed 22 May 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Hidalgo, O., Garnatje, T., Susanna A. & Mathez, J. 2004: Phylogeny of Valerianaceae based on matK and ITS markers, with reference to matK individual polymorphism. Annals of Botany 93(3): 283–293. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mch042 Search in Google Scholar

Ilinskaya, I. A. 1958: Kentranthus Neck. In: Shishkin, B. K. (ed.): Flora of the USSR [Flora SSSR], Vol. 23. Izdatelstvo AN SSSR, Moscow-Leningrad, USSR, pp. 640–642 [in Russian]. Search in Google Scholar

IPNI. 2020: International Plant Names Index. Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens [accessed 25 May 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Jacobs, B., Geuten, K., Pyck, N., Huysmans, S., Jansen, S. & Smets, E. 2011: Unraveling the phylogeny of Heptacodium and Zabelia (Caprifoliaceae): An Interdisciplinary Approach. Systematic Botany 36(1): 231–252. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1600/036364411X553306 Search in Google Scholar

Katina, Z. F. 1961: Kentranthus Neck. In: Kotov, M. I. (ed.): Flora of the Ukrainian SSR [Flora URSR], Vol. 10. Vydavnytstvo AN URSR, Kyiv, pp. 337–339 [in Ukrainian]. Search in Google Scholar

Kupriyanova, L. A. & Alyoshina, L. A. 1978: Pyltsa dvudolnykh rasteniy flory evropeyskoy chasti SSSR. LamiaceaeZygophyllaceae [Pollen dicotyledoneaerum Florae Partis Europareae URSS. LamiaceaeZygophyllaceae]. Nauka, Leningrad, 184 pp. [inRussian]. Search in Google Scholar

Mattana, E., Daws, M. I. & Bacchetta, G. 2010: Comparative germination ecology of the endemic Centranthus amazonum (Valerianaceae) and its widespread congener Centranthus ruber. Plant Species Biology 25(3): 165–172. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-1984.2010.00280.x Search in Google Scholar

Meshinev, T. 2006: Centranthus kellereri (Stoj., Stef. & T.Georgiev) Stoj. & Stef. In: Petrova, A. (ed.): Atlas of Bulgarian Endemic Plants. Gea-Libris Ltd., Sofia, pp. 254–255. Search in Google Scholar

Mosyakin, S. L. & Fedoronchuk, M. M. 1999: Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, Kiev, xxiii + 345 pp. Search in Google Scholar

Mosyakin, S. L. & Tsymbalyuk, Z. M. 2015a: Pollen morphology of the southern African tribe Teedieae, an early-branching lineage of crown Scrophulariaceae. Willdenowia 45(1): 65–75. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45107 Search in Google Scholar

Mosyakin, S. L. & Tsymbalyuk, Z. M. 2015b: Pollen morphology of the tribes Aptosimeae and Myoporeae supports the phylogenetic pattern in early-branching Scrophulariaceae revealed by molecular studies. Will-denowia 45(2): 209–222. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.45.45207 Search in Google Scholar

Mosyakin, S. L. & Tsymbalyuk, Z. M. 2017: Pollen morphology of the tribe Hemimerideae: possible evidence of ancestral pollen types and parallel evolution in the basalmost clade of Scrophulariaceae s. str. Will-denowia 47(1): 15–27. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.47.47102 Search in Google Scholar

Patel, V. C. & Skvarla, J. J. 1979: Valerianaceae pollen morphology. Pollen et Spores 21(1–2): 81–103. Search in Google Scholar

Peev, D. & Tsoneva, S. 2015: Centranthus kellereri (Stoj., Stef. & T.Georgiev) Stoj. & Stef. In: Peev, D. et al. (eds.): Red Data Book of the Republic of Bulgaria, Vol. 1. Plants and Fungi. BAS & MoEW, Sofia, p. 213. Search in Google Scholar

POWO. 2020: Plants of the World Online. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/ [accessed 22 May 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Punt, W., Hoen, P. P., Blackmore, S., Nilsson, S. & Le Thomas, A. 2007: Glossary of pollen and spore terminology. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 143(1–2): 1–81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2006.06.008 Search in Google Scholar

R Core Team (2019). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL https://www.R-project.org/ Search in Google Scholar

Raab-Straube, E. von. (2017+): Centranthus. In: Raab-Straube, E. von, Henning, T. (2017+): Valerianaceae. Euro+Med Plantbase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity [accessed 22 May 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Raymúndez, M. B., Mathez, J., Xena de Enrech, N. & Dubuisson, J.-Y. 2002: Coding of insertion-deletion events of the chloroplast intergene atpB-rbcL for the phylogeny of the Valerianeae tribe (Valerianaceae). Comptes Rendus Biologies 325(2): 131–139. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s1631-0691(02)01416-6 Search in Google Scholar

Richardson, I. B. K. 1975: A revision of the genus Centranthus DC. (Valerianaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 71(3): 211–234. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1975.tb02536.x Search in Google Scholar

Richardson, I. B. K. 1976: Centranthus DC. In: Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Moore, D. M., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M., Webb, D. A. (eds.): Flora Europaea, Vol. 4. Plantaginaceae to Compositae (and Rubiaceae). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 55–56. Search in Google Scholar

Ryff, L. E. 2009: Centranthus calcitrapae (L.) Dufr. In: Didukh, Ya.P. (ed.): Red Data Book of Ukraine. Vegetable Kingdom. Globalkonsaltyng, Kyiv, p. 613 [in Ukrainian]. Search in Google Scholar

Thiers, B., [continuously updated]. Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available at: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/ih/ [accessed 15 March 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Tsymbalyuk, Z. M., Bezusko, L. G. & Nitsenko, L. M. 2018: Pollen morphology of species of the genus Knautia (Dipsacaceae) in Ukraine: an assessment for taxonomy and spore-pollen analysis. Ukrainian Botanical Journal 75(3): 248–259 [in Ukrainian]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/ukrbotj75.03.248 Search in Google Scholar

Tsymbalyuk, Z. M., Bezusko, L. G., Mosyakin, S. L. & Nitsenko, L. M. 2019a: Pollen morphology of species of Dipsacus (Dipsacaceae) in the flora of Ukraine: significance for taxonomy and spore-pollen analysis. Ukrainian Botanical Journal 76(1): 9–23 [in Ukrainian]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/ukrbotj76.01.009 Search in Google Scholar

Tsymbalyuk, Z. M., Mosyakin, S. L. & Nitsenko, L. M. 2019b: Taxonomic significance of pollen morphology in Succisa and Succisella. Biodiversity Research and Conservation 55(1): 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/biorc-2019-0010 Search in Google Scholar

Verloove, F., Devos, L., Toussaint, B. & Dupont, F. 2019: Quelques populations de Centranthus calcitrapae (Caprifoliaceae) récemment naturalisées en Belgique et dans le nord-ouest de la France. Dumortiera 115: 55–57. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3553706 Search in Google Scholar

Vovk, A. G., Kalinichenko, M. G., Kozhevnikova, S. K., Kosykh, V. M., Kryukova, I. V., Leonova, T. G., Posokhlyarova, N. S., Poyarkova, E. N., Privalova, L. A., Prokudin, Yu. N., Rubtsov, N. I., Ryndina, G. P., Slyusarenko, L. P., Chernova, N. M. & Shalyt, M. S. 1972: Kentranthus Neck. ex DC. In: Rubtsov, N. I. (ed.): Opredelitel vysshikh rasteniy Kryma. Nauka, Leningrad, p. 454 [in Russian]. Search in Google Scholar

Winkworth, R. C., Bell, C. D. & Donoghue, M. J. 2008: Mitochondrial sequence data and Dipsacales phylogeny: Mixed models, partitioned Bayesian analyses, and model selection. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46(3): 830–843. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2007.11.021 Search in Google Scholar

Zhang, W.-H., Chen, Z.-D., Li, J.-H., Chen, H.-B. & Tang, Y.-C. 2003: Phylogeny of the Dipsacales s.l. based on chloroplast trnL-F and ndhF sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 26(2): 176–189. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00303-2 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo