1. bookVolume 21 (2022): Issue 1 (June 2022)
Journal Details
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Format
Journal
eISSN
1854-9829
First Published
10 Jul 2007
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2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Features of development of species of the genus Veronica L. in the conditions of steppe zone of Ukraine

Published Online: 12 Feb 2022
Volume & Issue: Volume 21 (2022) - Issue 1 (June 2022)
Page range: 223 - 233
Received: 16 Jun 2021
Accepted: 23 Nov 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1854-9829
First Published
10 Jul 2007
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The paper deals with peculiar features of development of the species Veronica L. in the conditions of the steppe zone of Ukraine (central part of the country). Under the action of climatic changes occurring for the last 20 years, the species began to grow 6–14 days earlier and increased the vegetation period by 15–25 days. Under the effect of extreme growing conditions (hot weather and drought) decrease in the area of the leaf blade by almost 2 times was recorded in V. prostrata and V. incana. Length and width of the leaf in V. prostrata and V. incana decreased by 20–30%, but in V. austriaca ssp. teucrium a decrease was observed for the leaf width only while its length increased by 17%. Analysis of correlation of climatic factors (air temperature, precipitation amount) to the morphometric parameters of the leaf during seasonal development showed greater dependence of their value on the air temperature, which was confirmed by the inverse correlation coefficients (r = -0.55–-0.66). In the unfavorable growing conditions, the features of formation of the underground part of species are manifested in the inhibited development of underground shoots (by 80–85%) and stimulation of branching and increase in the length of thin sucking roots (1.5 times). Studied species of the genus Veronica in the climatic conditions of the steppe zone of Ukraine go through all stages of phenological development and are marked by rather wide range of phenotypic changes in the vegetative sphere.

Keywords

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