1. bookVolume 72 (2021): Issue 2 (December 2021)
    NLP, Corpus Linguistics and Interdisciplinarity
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4287
First Published
05 Mar 2010
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Persistent features – Corpus-based evidence for reallocation processes in German

Published Online: 30 Dec 2021
Page range: 415 - 424
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4287
First Published
05 Mar 2010
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This study aims at tracing a reallocation process of a grammatical feature alongside the dialect-standard axis with the aid of corpus linguistics methods; more precisely with an integrative application of quantitative and qualitative approaches. The phenomenon under investigation is articles without the definiteness marker d- in German, usually ascribed to the Bavarian dialect area. Analyses show, however, that this apparently dialectal feature diffuses to other communication settings closer to the intended standard language use. This process is accompanied by a refunctionalisation of reduced article forms, indicating the relevance of language-internal relations for reallocation of grammatical features. The methodical approach should be easily applicable to other variants and – as many European languages show a diaglossic repertoire – relevant to other languages as well.

Keywords

[1] Rundblad, G. (1998). Stability in the theory of language change. In Papers from the 16th Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics, pages 369–380, Turku. Turunyliopisto. Search in Google Scholar

[2] Ziegler, A. (2018). Undoing Youth – Dialect levelling and restandardisation in urban vernaculars in Austria. In Youth Languages. Current perspectives of international research, pages 49–65, Berlin and Boston. de Gruyter Mouton.10.1515/9783110472226-003 Search in Google Scholar

[3] Glauninger, M. (2010). Zwischen Hochdeutsch, Dialekt und Denglisch. Innere Mehrsprachigkeit und urbane Kommunikation am Beispiel der Jugendlichen im Ballungsraum Wien. In Übergang. Kommunikation in der Stadt und an ihren Rändern, pages 181–193, Linz. Adalbert-Stifter-Institut des Landes Oberösterreich. Search in Google Scholar

[4] Weinreich, U., Labov, W., and Herzog, M. (1968). Empirical foundations for a theory of language change. In Directions for Historical Linguistics, pages 97–195, Austin/London. University of Texas Press. Search in Google Scholar

[5] Schirmunski, V. (1930). Sprachgeschichte und Siedlungsmundarten. Germanisch-romanische Monatsschrift, 18, pages 113–122 and 171–188. Search in Google Scholar

[6] Schwarz, C. (2020). Reduction and persistence of phonological dialect features in German. In Intermediate language varieties, pages 103–124, Amsterdam/Philadelphia. Benjamins.10.1075/silv.24.05sch Search in Google Scholar

[7] Taeldeman, J. (2009). Linguistic stability in a language space. In Language and Space. An International Handbook of Linguistic Variation. Volume 1: Theories and Methods, pages 355–374, Berlin. de Gruyter Mouton. Search in Google Scholar

[8] Auer, P. (2004). Anmerkungen zum Salienzbegriff in der Soziolinguistik. Linguistik Online, 66(4), pages 7–20. Search in Google Scholar

[9] Auer, P., and Spiekermann, H. (2011). Demotisation of the standard variety or destandardisation? In Standard Languages and Language Standards in a Changing Europe, pages 161–176, Oslo. Novus. Search in Google Scholar

[10] Britain, D., and Trudgill, P. (2005). New Dialect Formation and Contact-induced Reallocation. International Journal of English Studies, 5(1), pages 183–209. Search in Google Scholar

[11] Schmidt, J. et al. (2019). Sprache und Raum im Deutschen: Aktuelle Entwicklungen und Forschungsdesiderate. In Sprache und Raum. Ein internationales Handbuch der Sprachvariation, pages 28–60, Berlin and Boston. de Gruyter.10.1515/9783110261295-002 Search in Google Scholar

[12] Schmidt, J., and Herrgen, J. (2011). Sprachdynamik. Eine Einführung in die moderne Regionalsprachenforschung. Berlin: Schmidt, 464 p. Search in Google Scholar

[13] Koppensteiner, W., and Lenz, A. (2020). Tracing a standard language in Austria using methodological microvariations of Verbal and Matched Guise Technique. Linguistic Online, 102(2), pages 47–82.10.13092/lo.102.6816 Search in Google Scholar

[14] Gilles, P. (2003). Zugänge zum Substandard. Korrelativ-globale und konversationell-lokale Verfahren. In Standardfragen. Soziolinguistische Perspektiven auf Sprachgeschichte, Sprachkontakt und Sprachvariation, pages 195–215, Frankfurt am Main et al. Lang. Search in Google Scholar

[15] Weiß, H. (1998). Syntax des Bairischen. Studien zur Grammatik einer natürlichen Sprache. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 304 p.10.1515/9783110912487 Search in Google Scholar

[16] Zehetner, L. (1985). Das bairische Dialektbuch. München: Beck, 301 p. Search in Google Scholar

[17] Lenz, A. (2018). The Special Research Programme German in Austria. Variation – Contact – Perception. In Language Choice in Tourism – Focus on Europe, pages 269–277, Berlin and Boston. de Gruyter. Search in Google Scholar

[18] Nübling, D. (2005). Von in die über in’n und ins bis im. Die Klitisierung von Präposition und Artikel als, Grammatikalisierungsbaustelle‘. In Grammatikalisierung im Deutschen, pages 105–132, Berlin and New York. de Gruyter. Search in Google Scholar

[19] Fingerhuth, M., and Lenz, A. (2020). Variation and dynamics of complementizer agreement in German. Linguistic Variation 21(2), pages 1–48. Search in Google Scholar

[20] Leiss, E. (2010). Artikel und Aspekt. Die grammatischen Muster von Definitheit. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 317 p. Search in Google Scholar

[21] Lyons, C. (1999). Definiteness. Cambridge: University Press, 402 p.10.1017/CBO9780511605789 Search in Google Scholar

[22] Ender, A., and Kaiser, I. (2014). Diglossie oder Standard-Dialekt-Standard-Kontinuum? Zwischen kollektiver, individueller, wahrgenommener und tatsächlicher Sprachvariation in Vorarlberg und im bairischsprachigen Österreich. In Alemannische Dialektologie. Dialekte im Kontakt, pages 131–146, Stuttgart: Steiner. Search in Google Scholar

[23] Ágel, V. (1996). Finites Substantiv. Zeitschrift für Germanistische Linguistik 24, pages 16–57.10.1515/zfgl.1996.24.1.16 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo