1. bookVolume 72 (2021): Issue 5 (September 2021)
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07 Jun 2011
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access type Open Access

A novel compact stair-shaped multiband fractal antenna for wireless communication systems

Published Online: 20 Nov 2021
Page range: 306 - 314
Received: 08 Aug 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
07 Jun 2011
Publication timeframe
6 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The growing demand for enhanced capacities, broadband services, and high transmission speeds to accommodate speech, image, multimedia, and data communication simultaneously puts a requirement for antenna to operate in multiple frequency bands. A novel compact fractal antenna based on self-similar stair-shaped fractal geometry is proposed in this paper. The fractal antenna is designed by modifying the patch antenna through the iterative process using stair-shaped fractal geometry. The third iteration results in a tri-band response, and the antenna resonate at 3.65, 4.825, and 6.325 GHz with impedance bandwidths of 75.6, 121.2, and 211.4 MHz, respectively. The antenna is designed in CST Microwave studio, and evaluated for operating bands and radiation characteristics. Prototype for the third iteration of the fractal antenna is fabricated on FR-4 substrate which is further tested for measured operating bands and radiation characteristics. The simulated and measured results show good agreement.

Keywords

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