1. bookVolume 69 (2021): Issue 3 (September 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
28 Mar 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Post-flood field investigation of the June 2020 flash flood in the upper Muráň River basin and the catastrophic flash flood scenario

Published Online: 10 Aug 2021
Page range: 288 - 299
Received: 12 Feb 2021
Accepted: 05 Jun 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
28 Mar 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

After a dry spring, in June 2020 several intense storms occurred at the headwaters of the small basins of the Muráň and Zdychava rivers in the territory of the Muránska planina National Park (Slaná River basin, Slovakia). In the first part of the study– according to a hydrological survey made by the authors after the flash flood – the peak discharge was reconstructed at several Muráň River profiles. Next, the flash flood waves were reconstructed by the rainfall-runoff model NLC (non-linear cascade). The results of modelling based on field investigations show that, despite the extreme precipitation event (108 mm per 1 hour at the precipitation gauging station at Predná Hora), the peak flow rates were not exceptional in selected profiles on the Muráň River. The fact that extreme precipitation above 120 mm fell in a relatively very small area at the division of the Muráň and Zdychava rivers’ water contributed to this result. In the second part, a catastrophic 1000-year rainfall event scenario on the Zdychava River basin has been prepared. In analysing time series and identifying T-year daily rainfall depths, daily data was used from six precipitation stations in the vicinity of Muránska planina. Then, the 1000-year discharge of the Zdychava at Revúca was simulated by the calibrated NLC model. In such an extreme precipitation scenario, the peak flow rate would reach 105.15 m3 s−1, i.e. with a specific runoff of 1.78 m3 s−1 km–2. The total runoff in an 18-hour period would be 1.119 million m3, representing 21.11% of the rainfall (5.301 million m3).

Keywords

Bačová Mitková, V., Pekárová, P., Halmová, D., Miklánek, P., 2018. Reconstruction and post-event analysis of a flash flood in a small ungauged basin: a case study in Slovak territory. Natural Hazards, 92, 2, 741–760. Search in Google Scholar

Bírová, M., Wendlová, V., Randusová, R., Smrtník, P., 2017. Severe flash floods in Slovakia, July 2016. In: XXVII Conference of the Danubian Countries on Hydrological Forecasting and Hydrological Bases of Water Management - Golden Sands: Bulgarian NC for the IHP UNESCO, 409–418. ISBN 978-954-90537-2-2. http://www.shmu.sk/File/Hydrologia/Publikacna_cinnost/2017/2017_Danube_Conference_Birova_akol.pdf Search in Google Scholar

Blaškovičová, L., Horvát, O., Hlavčová, K., Kohnová, S., Szolgay, J., 2011. Methodology for post-event analysis of flash floods – Svacenický Creek case study. Contributions to Geophysics and Geodesy, 41, 3, 235–250. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10126-011-0009-9P Search in Google Scholar

Bucała-Hrabia, A., Kijowska-Strugała, M., Bryndal, T., Cebulski, J., Kiszka, K., Kroczak, R., 2020. An integrated approach for investigating geomorphic changes due to flash flooding in two small stream channels (Western Polish Carpathians). Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, 31, 100731. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrh.2020.100731 Search in Google Scholar

Dzubák, M., 1969. The convenience judgement of the choice of distribution of the maximum total precipitation by means of the gloval cumulative probability curves. (Stanovenie zákona rozdelenia maximálnych denných zrážkových úhrnov pomocou globálnych čiar prekročenia). Vodohospodársky Časopis (J. Hydrol. Hydromech.) 18, 3, 209–225. (In Slovak.) Search in Google Scholar

Elleder, L., Herget, J., Roggenkamp, T., Nießen, A., 2013. Historic floods in the city of Prague – a reconstruction of peak discharges for 1481–1825 based on documentary sources. Hydrol. Res., 44, 2, 202–214. Search in Google Scholar

Faško, P., Gaál, L., Lapin, M., Pecho, J., Šťastný, P., 2006. Contribution to estimation of the design values of daily precipitation depths. In: Proc. to the 80th birthday of Prof. Milan Dzubák, SHMÚ, Bratislava, pp. 19–26. (In Slovak.) Search in Google Scholar

Gaume, E., Borga, M., 2008. Post-flood field investigations in upland catchments after major fash foods: proposal of a methodology and illustrations. J. Flood Risk Management, 1, 175–189. Search in Google Scholar

Gaume, E., Bain, V., Bernardara, P., Newinger, O., Barbuc, M., Bateman, A., Blaškovčová, L., Blöschl, G., Borga, M., Dumitrescu, A., Daliakopoulos, I., Garcia, J., Irimescu, A., Kohnova, S., Koutroulis, A., Marchi, L., Matreata, S., Medina, V., Preciso, E., Sempere-Torres, D., Stancalie, G., Szolgay, J., Tsanis, I., Velasco, D., Viglione, A., 2009. A collation of data on European flash floods. Journal of Hydrology, 367, 70–78. Search in Google Scholar

Gaume, E., Borga, M., Llassat, M.C., Maouche, S., Lang, M., Diakakis, M., 2016. Mediterranean extreme floods and flash floods. The Mediterranean Region under Climate Change. A Scientific Update, IRD Editions, pp. 133–144, Coll. Synthèses, 978-2-7099-2219-7. hal-01465740v2 Search in Google Scholar

Halaj, M., Hrušková, K., Trstenský, T., 2020a. Intensive storms and flash floods in June 2020 in the Hron, Ipeľ, Slaná and Rimava river basins. SHMÚ, Banská Bystrica, 19 p. (In Slovak.) Search in Google Scholar

Halaj, M., Hrušková, K., Trstenský, T., 2020b. Extreme storm and flash flood in the Muránska planina. SHMÚ News. http://www.shmu.sk/sk/?page=2049&id=1068 assessed on August 4, 2020 (In Slovak.) Search in Google Scholar

Hlavčová, K., Kohnová, S., Borga, M., Horvát, O., Šťastný, P., Pekárová, P., Majerčáková, O., Danáčová, Z., 2016. Post-event analysis and flash flood hydrology in Slovakia. J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 64, 304–315. https://doi.org/10.1515/johh-2016-0041 Search in Google Scholar

HP ČSSR, 1965. Hydrological conditions of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. Hydrometeorological Institute, Prague, 414 p. Search in Google Scholar

Kaiser, M., Günnemann, S., Disse, M., 2020. Providing guidance on efficient flash flood documentation: an application based approach. Journal of Hydrology, 581. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.124466 Search in Google Scholar

Kjeldsen, T.R., Jones, D.A., Morris, D.G., 2014. Using multiple donor sites for enhanced flood estimation in ungauged catchments. Water Resour. Res., 50, 6646–6657. DOI: 10.1002/2013WR015203 Search in Google Scholar

Majerčáková, O., Makeľ, M., Šťastný, P., Kupčo, M., Rončák, P., 2004. Selected flash floods in the Slovak Republic. GWP report. Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Bratislava, 34 p. Search in Google Scholar

Marchi, L., Borga, M., Preciso, E., Gaume, E., 2010. Character-isation of selected extreme flash floods in Europe and implications for flood risk management. J. Hydrol., 394, 118–133. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.07.017 Search in Google Scholar

Melo, M., Bernáthová, D., 2013. Historical floods in Slaná River basin since the end of the 18th century till the beginning of the 20th century. Acta Hydrologica Slovaca, 14, 2, 291–298. (In Slovak.) Search in Google Scholar

Miklanek, P., Halmová, D., Pekárová, P., 2003. Extreme runoff simulation in Mala Svinka Basin. In: IHP-VI Technical Documents in Hydrology, No. 66, UNESCO, Paris, pp. 61–67. Search in Google Scholar

Parajka, J., Kohnová, S., Szolgay, J., 2004. Mapping of N-year maximum daily precipitation depth in the upper Hron basin. Acta Hydrologica Slovaca, 5, 2, 258–265. (In Slovak.) Search in Google Scholar

Pekárová, P., Svoboda, A., Miklánek, P., Škoda, P., Halmová, D., 2012. Estimating flash flood peak discharge in Gidra and Parná basin: case study for the 7–8 June 2011 flood. J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 60, 3, 206–216. Search in Google Scholar

Petruška, M., 2010. Analysis of natural risks on the territory of the National Park Muránska planina. Diploma thesis, VŠB-Technical University Ostrava, 84 p. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/8985039.pdf, assessed on July 15, 2020 (In Slovak.) Search in Google Scholar

Šamaj, F., Valovič, Š., Brázdil, R., 1985. Daily precipitation depths with extraordinary yield in ČSSR in the period 1901–1980. In: Zborník prác SHMÚ 24. ALFA, Bratislava, pp. 9–112. (In Slovak.) Search in Google Scholar

Siman, C., 2020. Return to the intense storm on Predná Hora from June 28, 2020. (Návrat k intenzívnemu lejaku na Prednej Hore zo dňa 28.6.2020). SHMI. http://www.shmu.sk/sk/?page=2049&id=1073 Search in Google Scholar

Szolgay, J., Blöschl, G., Gribovszki, Z., Parajka, J., 2020. Hydrology of the Carpathian Basin: interactions of climatic drivers and hydrological processes on local and regional scales – HydroCarpath Research. J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 68, 2, 128–133. DOI: 10.2478/johh-2020-0017 Search in Google Scholar

Šťastný, P., Majerčáková, O., 2003. Reconstruction of the flood in Štrba on July 2001. In: Proceedings of ‘Hydrology at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Vision and Reality’, Smolenice, May 5–7, 2003. Institute of Hydrology SAS, Slovak Committee for Hydrology, Slovak IGBP Committee, (In Slovak.) Search in Google Scholar

Svoboda, A., 1987. Two-component nonlinear rainfall-runoff model NLC. J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 35, 6, 661–663. (In Slovak.) Search in Google Scholar

Svoboda, A., Pekárová, P., 1998. The catastrophic flood of July 1998 in the Malá Svinka catchment – its simulation. J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 46, 6, 356–365. (In Slovak.) Search in Google Scholar

Zítek, J. (ed), 1958. Yearbook of atmospheric precipitation on the territory of Slovakia in the water year 1937. Hydrometeorologický ústav, Praha, 36 p. (In Czech.) Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo