1. bookVolume 131 (2021): Issue 1 (January 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-4829
First Published
23 Apr 2014
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

PTSD symptoms and coping mechanism of nurses in Poland before the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional study

Published Online: 30 Dec 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 131 (2021) - Issue 1 (January 2021)
Page range: 76 - 81
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-4829
First Published
23 Apr 2014
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Introduction. Secondary traumatic stress (STS) is a consequence of the indirect experience of trauma. The symptoms of STS are similar to those experienced by people who directly experience traumatic events in the form of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Aim. The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of the symptoms of PTSD and to establish the role of coping strategies in the development of PTSD symptoms among Polish nurses. The study was conducted before the COVID-19 pandemic.

Material and methods. The study was conducted in the Podkarpackie Province (Poland) in clinical hospitals and hospital out-patient clinics. The results of studies conducted among 509 nurses were analyzed. The mean age of the respondents was 35 years, and the mean work seniority was 11 years. The IES-R scale and Mini-COPE were used in the study.

Results. At least moderate PTSD symptoms were found in 42.4% of the surveyed nurses. The results showed that maladaptive stress coping strategies played a major role in the development of PTSD symptoms in the group of nurses.

Conclusion. Nurses are a professional group exposed to a high risk of traumatic encounters that may result in PTSD/STS, therefore this professional group should be targeted at prophylactic programs and training in dealing with traumatic stress. The COVID pandemic and the related restrictions, organizational chaos, constant fear and a sense of danger are serious traumatizing factors and can seriously contribute to the increase in stress disorders among nurses and other medical professionals.

Keywords

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