1. bookVolume 29 (2022): Issue 1 (March 2022)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2082-8799
First Published
16 May 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Physical and Physiological Characteristics of Female Artistic Roller Skaters Based on Discipline and Level of Expertise

Published Online: 17 Mar 2022
Volume & Issue: Volume 29 (2022) - Issue 1 (March 2022)
Page range: 30 - 38
Received: 13 Jul 2021
Accepted: 22 Dec 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2082-8799
First Published
16 May 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Introduction. In artistic roller skating, athletes use shoes fitted with small wheels to be used in rinks. The sport consists of seven disciplines characterized by different physical demands. Roller skaters are judged on content and manner of performance, and this includes the skater’s ability to do jumps, spins, and footwork. To date, no study has analyzed the different physical qualities in artistic roller skaters based on their skating discipline and skating level. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare the body composition, flexibility, balance, reactive strength, maximal strength and aerobic capacity based on skating discipline and skating level. Material and methods. A total of 108 female athletes from the three individual disciplines (figures, freestyle, and solo dance) and three different levels (elite, sub-elite, and non-elite) volunteered to participate in this study. All subjects completed the sit-and-reach, front split, Y-Balance, countermovement jump, squat jump, drop jump, isometric mid-thigh pull and 20-metre multistage shuttle roller skate tests. Six multivariate analyses of variance were performed to identify differences between disciplines and levels. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results. The findings showed that freestyle skaters have less body fat, and higher levels of reactive and maximal strength than figure and solo dance skaters. Elite skaters demonstrate greater values of flexibility, balance, strength and aerobic capacity compared to their sub-elite and non-elite counterparts. Conclusions. The results of this study showed that there are differences between elite and non-elite athletes and between skating disciplines. Strength and conditioning professionals should take that into consideration when training these athletes.

Keywords

1. Vila H., Abraldes J.A., Rodríguez N., Ferragut C. (2015). Anthropometric and somatotype characteristics of world class male roller skaters by discipline. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 55(7-8), 742-8. PMID: 26360965. Search in Google Scholar

2. Medeiros A., Tonello L., Gasparini N., Foster C., Boullosa D. (2016). Lowered heart rate response during competition in figure skaters with greater aerobic fitness. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport 16(2), 581-9. DOI: 10.1080/24748668.2016.1186891010.1080/24748668.2016.11868910 Search in Google Scholar

3. Dubravcic-Simunjak S., Kuipers H., Moran J., Pećina M., Simunjak B., Ambartsumov R. et al. (2008). Stress fracture prevalence in elite figure skaters. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 7(3), 419-20. PMID: 24137091. Search in Google Scholar

4. Young W.B., Newton R.U., Doyle T.L., Chapman D., Cormack S., Stewart G. et al. (2005). Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of starters and non-starters and playing positions in elite Australian Rules Football: a case study. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 8(3), 333-45. DOI: 10.1016/s1440-2440(05)80044-110.1016/S1440-2440(05)80044-1 Search in Google Scholar

5. Delextrat A., Cohen D. (2009). Strength, power, speed, and agility of women basketball players according to playing position. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 23(7), 1974-81. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b86a7e10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b86a7e19855320 Search in Google Scholar

6. Vila Suárez H., Manchado C., Ferragut Fiol C. (2015). Anthropometry, body composition and domatotype characteristics of world class female roller skaters by discipline. International Journal of Morphology 33(3), 1130-5. DOI: 10.4067/S0717-9502201500030005110.4067/S0717-95022015000300051 Search in Google Scholar

7. Vila Suárez M.E., Abraldes J.A., Rodríguez N., Manchado C., Ferragut C. (2013). The anthropometric profile of elite roller figure skaters. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise 8, 633-41. DOI: 10.4100/jhse.2013.8.Proc3.0910.4100/jhse.2013.8.Proc3.09 Search in Google Scholar

8. The World Medical Association (2009). Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. Jahrbuch Für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14(1), 233-238.10.1515/9783110208856.233 Search in Google Scholar

9. Haff G.G., Triplett N.T. (2015). Essentials of strength training and conditioning. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Search in Google Scholar

10. Behm D.G., Chaouachi A. (2011). A review of the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology 111(11), 2633-51. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-011-1879-210.1007/s00421-011-1879-221373870 Search in Google Scholar

11. Plisky P.J., Rauh M.J., Kaminski T.W., Underwood F.B. (2006). Star Excursion Balance Test as a predictor of lower extremity injury in high school basketball players. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy 36(12), 911-9. DOI: 10.2519/jospt.2006.224410.2519/jospt.2006.224417193868 Search in Google Scholar

12. Warner E.R., Fornetti W.C., Jallo J.J., Pivarnik J.M. (2004). A skinfold model to predict fat-free mass in female athletes. Journal of Athletic Training 39(3), 259-62. PMID: 15496996. Search in Google Scholar

13. Ayala F., Sainz de Baranda P., De Ste Croix M., Santonja F. (2012). Reproducibility and criterion-related validity of the sit and reach test and toe touch test for estimating hamstring flexibility in recreationally active young adults. Physical Therapy in Sport 13(4), 219-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2011.11.00110.1016/j.ptsp.2011.11.00123068896 Search in Google Scholar

14. Plisky P.J., Gorman P.P., Butler R.J., Kiesel K.B., Underwood F.B., Elkins B. (2009). The reliability of an instrumented device for measuring components of the star excursion balance test. North American Journal of Sports and Physical Therapy 4(2), 92-9. PMID: 21509114. Search in Google Scholar

15. Shaffer S.W., Teyhen D.S., Lorenson C.L., Warren R.L., Koreerat C.M., Straseske C.A. et al. (2013). Y-balance test: a reliability study involving multiple raters. Military Medicine 178(11), 1264-70. DOI: 10.7205/MILMED-D-13-0022210.7205/MILMED-D-13-0022224183777 Search in Google Scholar

16. Barker L.A., Harry J.R., Mercer J.A. (2018). Relationships between countermovement jump ground reaction forces and jump height, reactive dtrength index, and jump time. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 32(1), 248-54. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.000000000000216010.1519/JSC.000000000000216028746248 Search in Google Scholar

17. Lloyd R.S., Oliver J.L., Hughes M.G., Williams C.A. (2009). Reliability and validity of field-based measures of leg stiffness and reactive strength index in youths. Journal of Sports Sciences 27(14), 1565-73. DOI: 10.1080/0264041090331157210.1080/0264041090331157219967591 Search in Google Scholar

18. Pagaduan J., Blas X.D. (2014). Reliability of countermovement jump performance on chronojump-boscosystem in male and female athletes. Sport SPA 10(2), 5-8. Search in Google Scholar

19. Beckham G.K., Sato K., Santana H.A.P., Mizuguchi S., Haff G.G., Stone M.H. (2018). Effect of body position on force production during the isometric midthigh pull. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 32(1), 48-56. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.000000000000196810.1519/JSC.000000000000196828486331 Search in Google Scholar

20. Yagüe P., Del Valle M., Egocheaga J., Linnamo V., Fernández A. (2013). The competitive demands of elite male rink hockey. Biology of Sport 30, 195-9. DOI: 10.5604/20831862.105921110.5604/20831862.1059211394456224744488 Search in Google Scholar

21. Portney L.G., Watkins M.P. (2009). Foundations of clinical research: applications to practice. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Search in Google Scholar

22. Cohen J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates. Search in Google Scholar

23. Dizon J., Grimmer-Somers K. (2010). Making Filipino taekwondo athletes internationally competitive: An international comparison of anthropometric and physiologic characteristics. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 12, e131-e2. DOI:10.1016/j.jsams.2009.10.27310.1016/j.jsams.2009.10.273 Search in Google Scholar

24. Roschel H., Batista M., Monteiro R., Bertuzzi R.C., Barroso R., Loturco I. et al. (2009). Association between neuromuscular tests and kumite performance on the Brazilian karate national team. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 8(3), 20-4. PMID: 24474882. Search in Google Scholar

25. Reiser II R.F., Rocheford E.C., Armstrong C.J. (2006). Building a better understanding of basic mechanical principles through analysis of the vertical jump. Strength and Conditioning Journal 28(4), 70-80. DOI: 10.1519/00126548-200608000-0001210.1519/00126548-200608000-00012 Search in Google Scholar

26. Monsma D.V., Malina R.M. (2005). Anthropometry and somatotype of competitive female figure skaters 11-22 years. Variation by competitive level and discipline. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 45(4), 491-500. PMID: 16446680. Search in Google Scholar

27. Aouichaoui C., Trabelsi Y., Bouhlel E., Tabka Z., Dogui M., Richalet J.P. et al. (2012). The relative contributions of anthropometric variables to vertical jumping ability and leg power in Tunisian children. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 26(3), 777-88. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31822a61a210.1519/JSC.0b013e31822a61a222289700 Search in Google Scholar

28. Slater L.V., Vriner M., Zapalo P., Arbour K., Hart J.M. (2016). Difference in agility, strength, and flexibility in competitive figure skaters based on level of expertise and skating discipline. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 30(12), 3321-8. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.000000000000145210.1519/JSC.000000000000145227100316 Search in Google Scholar

29. Robinson R., Gribble P. (2008). Kinematic predictors of performance on the Star Excursion Balance Test. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation 17(4), 347-57. DOI: 10.1123/jsr.17.4.34710.1123/jsr.17.4.34719160909 Search in Google Scholar

30. Krause D.A., Smith A.M., Holmes L.C., Klebe C.R., Lee J.B., Lundquist K.M. et al. (2012). Relationship of off-ice and onice performance measures in high school male hockey players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 26(5), 1423-30. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318251072d10.1519/JSC.0b013e318251072d22395275 Search in Google Scholar

31. Flanagan E.P., Ebben W.P., Jensen R.L. (2008). Reliability of the reactive strength index and time to stabilization during depth jumps. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 22(5), 1677-82. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318182034b10.1519/JSC.0b013e318182034b18714215 Search in Google Scholar

32. Iwańska D., Mazurkiewicz A., Urbanik C. (2018). Biomechanics of the axel paulsen figure skating jump. Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism 25(2), 3-9. DOI: 10.2478/pjst-2018-000710.2478/pjst-2018-0007 Search in Google Scholar

33. King D.L., Arnold A.S., Smith S.L. (1994). A kinematic comparison of single, double, and triple axels. Journal of Applied Biomechanics 10(1), 51-60. DOI: 10.1123/jab.10.1.5110.1123/jab.10.1.51 Search in Google Scholar

34. Markovic G., Dizdar D., Jukic I., Cardinale M. (2004). Reliability and factorial validity of squat and countermovement jump tests. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 18(3), 551-5. DOI: 10.1519/00124278-200408000-0002810.1519/00124278-200408000-00028 Search in Google Scholar

35. McGuigan M., Doyle T., Newton M., Edwards D., Nimphius S., Newton R. (2006). Eccentric utilization ratio: Effect of sport and phase of training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 20(4), 992-5. DOI: 10.1519/R-19165.110.1519/R-19165.117194252 Search in Google Scholar

36. Nuzzo J.L., McBride J.M., Cormie P., McCaulley G.O. (2008). Relationship between countermovement jump performance and multijoint isometric and dynamic tests of strength. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 22(3), 699-707. DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816d5eda10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816d5eda18438251 Search in Google Scholar

37. Tran T.T., Lundgren L., Secomb J., Farley O.R., Haff G.G., Seitz L.B. et al. (2015). Comparison of physical capacities between nonselected and selected elite male competitive surfers for the National Junior Team. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 10(2), 178-82. DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2014-022210.1123/ijspp.2014-022225010163 Search in Google Scholar

38. Fischer L., Darby L., Morgan A., Tobar D. (2016). Physiological characteristics of youth synchronized skaters. International Journal of Exercise Science 9(3), 270-282. Search in Google Scholar

39. Comuk N., Erden Z. (2012). The effect of muscular strength and endurance on technical skill in professional figure skaters. Isokinetics and Exercise Science 20(2), 85-90. DOI: 10.3233/IES-2012-044510.3233/IES-2012-0445 Search in Google Scholar

40. Meylan C.M., Cronin J.B., Oliver J.L., Hopkins W.G., Contreras B. (2014). The effect of maturation on adaptations to strength training and detraining in 11-15-year-olds. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 24(3), e156-64. DOI: 10.1111/sms.1212810.1111/sms.1212824118076 Search in Google Scholar

41. Iuliano-Burns S., Mirwald R.L., Bailey D.A. (2001). Timing and magnitude of peak height velocity and peak tissue velocities for early, average, and late maturing boys and girls. Amercian Journal of Human Biology 13(1), 1-8. DOI: 10.1002/1520-6300 Search in Google Scholar

42. Claessens A.L., Veer F.M., Stijnen V., Lefevre J., Maes H., Steens G. et al. (1991). Anthropometric characteristics of outstanding male and female gymnasts. Journal of Sports Sciences 9(1), 53-74. DOI: 10.1080/0264041910872985510.1080/026404191087298551856913 Search in Google Scholar

43. Boyle M.J., Butler R.J., Queen R.M. (2016). Functional movement competency and dynamic balance after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in adolescent patients. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 36(1), 36-41. DOI: 10.1097/BPO.000000000000040210.1097/BPO.000000000000040225633606 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo