1. bookVolume 26 (2010): Issue 2010 (December 2010)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
13 Jan 2009
Publication timeframe
5 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Dispositional Goal Orientation, Beliefs about the Causes of Success and Intrinsic Satisfaction in Young Elite Paddlers

Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
13 Jan 2009
Publication timeframe
5 times per year
Languages
English

The purpose of this study was to primarily examine the psychometric properties of the castillan version of three commonly used psychological scales in sport (Perception of Success Questionnaire, Beliefs About the Causes of Sport Success Questionnaire and the Sport Satisfaction Instrument); secondly, to verify the degree of intrinsic satisfaction in a sample of young Spanish paddlers. The participants of this study were 209 elite paddlers classed in the junior category (13-14 years old). Results show that the Castilian versions of the questionnaires demonstrate acceptable validity and reliability in a sample of young paddlers. Athletes report high scores on perception of success oriented task scale, which is positively related with enjoyment and the attribution that success in sport depends on effort. This study also confirmed gender differences in questionnaire responses.

Keywords

Ames C. Achievement goals, motivational climate, and motivational processes. In Roberts GC, ed., Motivation in sport and exercise. Champaign, Il: Human Kinetics; 1992, 161-176.Search in Google Scholar

Balaguer I, Atienza FL. Principales motivos de los jóvenes para jugar al tenis. Apunts, Educación Física y Deportes. 1994; 31:285-299.Search in Google Scholar

Balaguer I. Entrenamiento psicológico del deporte. Valencia: Albatros; 1994.Search in Google Scholar

Balaguer I, Atienza FL, Castillo I, Moreno Y, Duda JL. Factorial structure of measures of satisfaction/interest in sport and classroom in the case of Spanish adolescents. Fourth European Conference of Psychological Assessment. Lisboa, Portugal; 1997a.Search in Google Scholar

Balaguer I, Castillo I, Duda JL. Interrelaciones entre el clima motivacional y la cohesión en futbolistas cadetes. EduPsykhé. 2003; 2(2):243-258.Search in Google Scholar

Balaguer I, Castillo I, Tomás I. Análisis de las propiedades psicométricas del cuestionario de orientación al ego y a la tarea en el deporte (TEOSQ) en su traducción al castellano. Psicológica. 1996; 17:71-81.Search in Google Scholar

Balaguer I, Mayo C, Atienza FL. Análisis de las propiedades psicométricas del Inventario de Creencias sobre las Causas del Éxito en el deporte aplicado a equipos de balonmano femenino de élite. VI Congreso Nacional de Psicología del Deporte. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, España; 1997b.Search in Google Scholar

Bandura A. Social foundations of thought and action: a social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall; 1986.Search in Google Scholar

Bentler PM. EQS structural equations program manual. Encino, C.A: Multivariate Software; 1995.Search in Google Scholar

Bollen KA, Long J. Testing structural equation models. Newbury Park, CA: Sage; 1994.Search in Google Scholar

Brodkin P, Weiss M. Developmental differences in motivation for participating in competitive swimming. J Sport Exercise Psy. 1990; 12:248-263.Search in Google Scholar

Browne M, Cudeck R. Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In Bollen, K, Long, J, eds, Testing structural equation models. Thousand Oaks: Sage; 1993, 136-162.Search in Google Scholar

Carratalá V, García A. Diferencias en las motivaciones y actividades de ocio y tiempo libre entre adolescentes deportistas y no deportistas. Motricidad. European Journal of Human Movement. 1999; 5:111-132.Search in Google Scholar

Carretero-Dios H, Pérez C. Normas para el desarrollo y revisión de estudios instrumentales. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. 2005; 5:521-551.Search in Google Scholar

Carretero-Dios H, Pérez C. Standards for the development and the review of instrumental studies: Considerations about test selection in psychological research. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. 2007; 7:863-882.Search in Google Scholar

Castillo I, Balaguer I, Duda JL. Las orientaciones de meta y los motivos de práctica deportiva en jóvenes deportistas valencianos escolarizados. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 2000; 9(1-2):37-50.Search in Google Scholar

Castillo I, Balaguer I, Duda JL. Las perspectivas de meta de los adolescentes en el contexto deportivo. Psicothema. 2002; 14(2):280-287.Search in Google Scholar

Castillo I, Balaguer I, Duda JL, García-Merita ML. Factores psicosociales asociados con la participación deportiva en la adolescencia. Rev Lat Am Psicol. 2004; 36(3): 505-515.Search in Google Scholar

Cecchini JA, González C, Montero J. Participación en el deporte, orientación de metas y funcionamiento moral. Rev Lat Am Psicol. 2008; 40(3):497-509.Search in Google Scholar

Cecchini JA, González C, Carmona AM, Contreras O. Relaciones entre clima motivacional, la orientación de meta, la motivación intrínseca, la auto-confianza, la ansiedad y el estado de ánimo en jóvenes deportistas. Psicothema. 2004; 16(1):104-109.Search in Google Scholar

Cecchini JA, Méndez A, Muñiz J. Tendencias o direcciones del deporte contemporáneo en función de los motivos de práctica. Un estudio empírico entre los estudiantes de la Universidad de Oviedo. Apunts, Educación Física y Deportes. 2003; 72:6-13.Search in Google Scholar

Cervelló E, Santos-Rosa FJ. Motivación en las clases de Educación Física: un estudio de la perspectiva de las metas de logro en el contexto educativo. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 2000; 9(1-2):51-70.Search in Google Scholar

Cervelló, E Santos-Rosa FJ. Motivation in Sport: and achievement goal perspective in young Spanish recreational athletes. Percept Motor Skill. 2001; 92:527-534.Search in Google Scholar

Cervelló E. Variables psicológicas relacionadas con la elección de tareas deportivas con diferente nivel de dificultad. Consideraciones para el diseño de programas motivacionales de entrenamiento psicológico en el deporte. Motricidad. European Journal of Human Movement. 1999; 5:35-52.Search in Google Scholar

Cervelló, E, Calvo R, Ureña A, Martínez M, Guzmán JF. Situational and dispositional predictors of task involvement in Spanish profesional female volleyball players. J Hum Mov Stud. 2006; 50:47-63.Search in Google Scholar

Cervelló, E, Escartí A, Balagué G. Relaciones entre la orientación de meta disposicional y la satisfacción con los resultados deportivos, las creencias sobre las causas de éxito en el deporte y la diversión con la práctica deportiva. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 1999a; 8(1):7-21.Search in Google Scholar

Cervelló E, Escartí, A, Guzmán, JF. Youth sport dropout from the achievement goal theory. Psicothema. 2007; 19(1):65-71.Search in Google Scholar

Cervelló, E, Fuentes JP, Sanz D. Un estudio piloto de las características motivacionales de los tenistas y de los tenistas en silla de ruedas en competición. Apunts, Educación Física y Deportes. 1999b; 58:73-78.Search in Google Scholar

Cervelló E, Hutzler, Y Reina, R, Sanz D, Moreno JA. Goal orientations, contextual and situational motivational climate and competition goal involvement in Spanish athletes with cerebral palsy. Psicothema. 2005; 17(4):633-638.Search in Google Scholar

Cervelló E, Moreno JA, Alonso N, Iglesias D. Goal orientations, motivational climate and dispositional flow of high school students engaging in extracurricular involvement in physical activity. Percept Motor Skill. 2006; 102:87-92.Search in Google Scholar

Cervelló E, Santos-Rosa FJ, Jiménez R, Nerea A, García T. Motivación y ansiedad en jugadores de tenis. Motricidad. European Journal of Human Movement. 2002; 9:141-161.Search in Google Scholar

Côté J, Hay J. Children's Involvement in Sport: A Developmental Perspective. In Silva, JM, Stevens, D, eds, Psychological Foundations of Sport. Boston, MA: Merrill; 2002, 484-502.Search in Google Scholar

Cruz J. Factores motivacionales en el deporte infantil y asesoramiento psicológico a entrenadores y padres. In Cruz, J, ed, Psicología del Deporte. Madrid: Síntesis; 2001, 147-176.Search in Google Scholar

Dosil J, Psicología de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (2a edición). Madrid: McGraw-Hill; 2008.Search in Google Scholar

Duda JL, Nicholls JG. Dimensions of achievement motivation in schoolwork and sport. J Educ Psychol. 1992; 84(3):290-299.Search in Google Scholar

Duda JL, White SA. The relationship of goal perspectives to beliefs about success among elite skiers. Sport Psychol. 1992; 6(4):334-343.Search in Google Scholar

Duda JL. Goals perspectives research in sport: Pushing the boundaries and clarifying some misunderstandings. In Roberts, GC, ed, Advances in motivation in sport and exercise. Champaign, Il.: Human Kinetics; 2001, 129-182Search in Google Scholar

Duda JL, Chi L, Newton ML, Walling MD, Catley D. Task and ego orientation and intrinsic motivation in sport. Int J Sport Psychol. 1995; 26:40-63.Search in Google Scholar

Duda JL, Fox KR, Biddle SJH, Amstrong N. Children's achievement goals and beliefs about success in sport. Brit J Educ Psychol. 1992; 62(3):313-323.Search in Google Scholar

Fernández R, Secades R, Terrados N, García E, García JM. Efecto de la hipnosis y la terapia de aceptación y compromiso (ACT) en la mejora de la fuerza física en piragüistas. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. 2004; 4(3):481-493.Search in Google Scholar

García T, Cervelló E, Jiménez R, Iglesias D, Santos-Rosa FJ. La implicación motivacional de jugadores jóvenes de fútbol y su relación con el estado de flow y la satisfacción en competición. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 2005; 14(1):21-42.Search in Google Scholar

García T, Leo FM, Martín E, Sánchez PA. El compromiso deportivo y su relación con factores disposicionales y situacionales contextuales de la motivación. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte. 2008; 12(4):45-58.Search in Google Scholar

Gómez M, Ruiz F, García ME, Flores G, Barbero G. Razones que influyen en la inactividad físico-deportiva en la Educación Secundaria Post Obligatoria. Retos. Nuevas tendencias en Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación. 2008; 14:80-85.Search in Google Scholar

Gómez M, Granero A, Baena A. Perceived barriers by university students in the practice of physical activities. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2010; 9: 374-381.Search in Google Scholar

Guivernau M, Duda JL. Psychometric properties of a Spanish versión of The Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ) and Beliefs about the Causes of Success Inventory. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 1994; 5:31-51.Search in Google Scholar

Hom H, Duda JL, Miller A. Correlates of goal orientations among young athletes. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 1993; 5(2):168-176.Search in Google Scholar

Hu L, Bentler PM. Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling. 1999; 6:1-55.Search in Google Scholar

Jackson DN. A sequential system for personality scale development. In Spielberger, CD, ed, Current topics in clinical and community psychology. Nueva York: Academic Press; 1970, 61-96.Search in Google Scholar

Jiménez-Castuera R, Cervelló E, García T, Santos-Rosa FJ, Iglesias D. Estudio de las relaciones entre motivación, práctica deportiva extraescolar y hábitos alimenticios y de descanso en estudiantes de Educación Física. Internacional Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. 2007; 7(2):385-401.Search in Google Scholar

Jones, CD, Hollenhorst SJ, Perna F, Selin S. Validation of the flow theory in an on-site whitewater kayaking setting. J Leisure Res. 2000; 32(2):247-261.Search in Google Scholar

Jöreskog KG, Sörbom D. Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language. Chicago: Scientific Software International; 1993.Search in Google Scholar

Kjelsas E, Berit L. Las diferencias de género entre atletas competitivos y su motivación hacia la actividad física. Eur J Psychiat. 2003; 17(3):146-160.Search in Google Scholar

Kline RB. Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford; 1998.Search in Google Scholar

Lochbaum M, Roberts GC. Goal orientations and perceptions of the sport experience. J Sport Exercise Psy. 1993; 15:160-171.Search in Google Scholar

López C, Márquez S. Motivación en jóvenes practicantes de lucha leonesa. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 2001; 10(1):9-22.Search in Google Scholar

Mahamud J, Tuero C, Márquez S. Características psicológicas relacionadas con el rendimiento: comparación entre los requerimientos de los entrenadores y la percepción de los deportistas. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 2005; 14(2):237-251.Search in Google Scholar

Males JR, Kerr JH. Stress, emotion, and performance in elite slalom canoeists. Sport Psychol. 1996; 10:17-36.Search in Google Scholar

Martín-Albo J, Núñez JL, Navarro JG. La evolución motivacional como criterio discriminante de los deportes. Rev Lat Am Psicol. 2003; 35(2):139-150.Search in Google Scholar

Moreno JA, Cervelló E, González-Cutre D. Young athletes' motivational profiles. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2007; 6:172-179.Search in Google Scholar

Moreno JA, Cervelló E, González-Cutre D. Relationships among Goal Orientations, Motivational Climate and Flow in Adolescent Athletes: Differences by Gender. The Spanish Journal of Psychology. 2008; 11(1):181-191.Search in Google Scholar

Moreno JA, López M, Martínez C, Alonso N, González-Cutre D. Validación preliminar de la escala de percepción del clima motivacional de los iguales (CMI) y la escala de las orientaciones de meta en el ejercicio (GOES) con practicantes españoles de actividades físico-deportivas. Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología del Ejercicio y el Deporte. 2006; 1(2):13-28.Search in Google Scholar

Newton M, Duda JL. Elite adolescents atheletes achievement goals and beliefs concerning success in tennis. J Sport Exercise Psy. 1993; 15:437-448.Search in Google Scholar

Nicholls JG. Achievement motivation: conceptions of ability, subjetive experience, task choice and perfomance. Psychol Rev. 1984; 21:328-346.Search in Google Scholar

Nicholls JG. The competitive ethos and democratic education. Cambridge: Harvard University Press; 1989.Search in Google Scholar

Ntoumanis N. A self-determination approach to the understanding of motivation in physical education. Brit J Educ Psychol. 2001; 71:225-242.Search in Google Scholar

Nunnally J, Bernstein I. Teoría Psicométrica. Madrid: McGraw-Hill; 1995.Search in Google Scholar

Peiró C, Sanchís JR. Las propiedades psicométricas de la versión inicial del cuestionario de orientación a la tarea y al ego (TEOSQ) adaptado a la Educación Física en su traducción al castellano. Revista de Psicología del Deporte. 2004; 13(1):25-39.Search in Google Scholar

Pensgaard AM, Roberts GC. Achievement goal orientations and the use of coping strategies among Winter Olympians. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2003; 4:101-116.Search in Google Scholar

Roberts GC, Balagué G. The development of a social-cognitive scale in motivation. Seventh World Congress of Sport Psychology. Singapore, Republic of Singapore; 1989.Search in Google Scholar

Roberts GC, Balagué G. The development and validation of the Perception of Success Questionnaire. FEPSAC Congress. Cologne, Germany; 1991.Search in Google Scholar

Roberts GC. Motivation in sport an exercise: Conceptual constraints and conceptual convergence. In Roberts, GC, ed, Motivation in sport and exercise. Champaign, Il.: Human Kinetics; 1992, 3-30.Search in Google Scholar

Roberts GC. Understanding the dynamics of motivation in physical activity: The influence of achievement goals on motivational process. In Roberts, GC, ed, Advances in motivation in sport and exercise. Champaign, IL: Human kinetics; 2001, 1-50.Search in Google Scholar

Roberts GC, Hall HK, Jackson SA, Kimiecik JC, Tonymon P. Implicit theories of achievement and the sport experience: Goal perspectives and achievement strategies. Percept Motor Skill. 1995; 33:219-224.Search in Google Scholar

Roberts GC, Treasure DC, Balagué G. Achievement goals in sport: the development and validation of the Perception of Success Questionnaire. J Sport Sci. 1998; 16:337-347.Search in Google Scholar

Roberts GC, Treasure DC, Hall HK. Parental goal orientations and beliefs about the competitive sport experience of their child. J Appl Soc Psychol. 1994; 24(7):631-645.Search in Google Scholar

Ryska TA, Hohensee D, Cooley D, Jones C. Participation motives in predicting sport dropout among Australian youth gymnasts. North American Journal of Psychology. 2002; 4(2):199-210.Search in Google Scholar

Sánchez PA, Leo, FM, Gómez, FR, Sánchez, D, De la Cruz E, García T. Orientaciones de metas y clima motivacionales de los otros significativos en jóvenes de jugadores extremeños de balonmano. Retos. Nuevas tendencias en Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación. 2009; 16:22-27.Search in Google Scholar

Santos-Rosa FJ, García T, Jiménez R, Moya M, Cervelló E. Predicción de la satisfacción con el rendimiento deportivo en jugadores de tenis: efecto de las claves situacionales. Motricidad. European Journal of Human Movement. 2007; 18:41-60.Search in Google Scholar

Scanlan TK, Russell DG, Beals KP, Scanlan LA. Project on elite athlete commitment (PEAK): II. A direct test and expansion of the sport commitment model with elite amateur sportsmen. J Sport Exercise Psy. 2003; 25:377-401.Search in Google Scholar

Scanlan TK, Simons JP, Carpenter PJ, Schmidt GW, Keeler B. The sport commitment model: Measurement development for the youth-sport domain. J Sport Exercise Psy. 1993; 15:16-38.Search in Google Scholar

Stucky-Ropp RC, DiLorenzo TM. Determinants of exercise in children. Prev Med. 1993; 22(6):880-889.Search in Google Scholar

Treasure D, Robert, GC. Cognitive and affective concominants of task and ego goal orientations during the middle school years. J Sport Exercise Psy. 1994; 16:15-28.Search in Google Scholar

Walling MD, Duda JL, Crawford T. Goal orientations, outcome, and responses to youth competition among high/low perceived ability athletes. Int J Sport Psychol. 2002; 37(2):115-122.Search in Google Scholar

Weinberg, RS, Gould, D. Fundamentos de psicología del deporte y el ejercicio físico. Barcelona: Ariel; 1996.Search in Google Scholar

White, SA, Duda, JL. Dimensions of goals and beliefs among atheletes with physical disabilities. Adapt Phys Act Q. 1993; 10(2):125-136.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo