1. bookVolume 3 (2011): Issue 2011 (January 2011)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2080-2234
First Published
06 Apr 2009
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Health potential of female candidates to the professional military service

Published Online: 29 Oct 2011
Volume & Issue: Volume 3 (2011) - Issue 2011 (January 2011)
Page range: 96 - 100
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2080-2234
First Published
06 Apr 2009
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Health potential of female candidates to the professional military service

Study aim: To assess health and social characteristics of female candidates for professional officers and non-commissioned officers of Polish Army.

Material and methods: All female students of officer and non-commissioned officer Military Academies (16 each) were studied in 2009. Two questionnaires were applied in the study: IPAQ (short) for assessing the level of physical activity of the respondents and a specially designed questionnaire for assessing social situation, perceived health and pro-health behaviours.

Results: The influence of the society on the respondents' decision to join the army is significantly higher among NCOS students than in the group of OS respondents (p<0.05). OS students perceive their health better than their NCOS mates (p<0.05). Among students' pro-health behaviours that were assessed in the research, the most advantageously presented is their physical activity. NCOS students are more resilient mentally (p<0.01), yet their inclination to make use of health service is much lower (p<0.01).

Conclusions: The modern educational trends in health promotion call for modifying the existing military school curricula by including health education issues so that the superiors acquire not only commanding skills but become also exemplary health educators.

Keywords

Biernat E., R. Stupnicki (2005) An overview of internationally applicable questionnaires designed for assessing physical activity. Phys. Edu. Sport, 49:32-42.Search in Google Scholar

Craig C. L., A. L. Marshall, M. Sjöström, A. E. Bauman, M. L. Booth, B. E. Ainsworth, M. Pratt, U. Ekelund, A. Yngve, J. F. Sallis, P. Oja (2003) International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 35(8):1381-1395.10.1249/01.MSS.0000078924.61453.FB12900694Search in Google Scholar

Dyrstad S. M., R. Soltvedt, J. Halle (2006) Physical fitness and physical training during Norwegian military service. Mil. Med., 171:736-741.Search in Google Scholar

Faff J., P. Satora, K. Stasiak (2002) Changes in the aerobic and anaerobic capacities of army recruits during their military training are related to the initial level of physical fitness of the subjects. Biol. Sport., 19:251-265.Search in Google Scholar

Hermon D. A., G. Davis (2004) College student wellness: a comparison between traditional and nontraditional age students. J. Coll. Counsel., 7: 32-39.Search in Google Scholar

Kaiser A., M. Sokołowski, (2009). Health and social issues of women in the army. In: M. Sokołowski (ed.) Contemporary tasks, problems and perspectives of physical education in the army, Polish Scientific Physical Education Association Section of Physical Education in the Army, Warsaw, pp. 313-322.Search in Google Scholar

Kalina R. M., B. J. Barczyński (2009) Permanent health-related training of regular soldiers-conditions and assumptions. In: M. Sokołowski (ed.) Contemporary tasks, problems and perspectives of physical education in the army. Polish Scientific Physical Education Association Section of Physical Education in the Army, Warsaw, pp. 323-331.Search in Google Scholar

Klukowski K., K. Mazurek (2007) Physical performance of women in the light of military service requirements. In: M. Sokołowski (ed.) Biosocial effects of military service as a basis for further improvement of future physical education and sports programmes. Wyd. AWF Poznań, pp. 67-74.Search in Google Scholar

Knapik J. J., M. A. Sharp, S. Darakjy, S. B. Jones, K. G. Hauret, B. H. Jones, (2006) Temporal changes in the physical fitness of US Army recruits. Sports Med., 36(7): 613-634.10.2165/00007256-200636070-0000516796397Search in Google Scholar

LaFountaine J, M. Neisen, R. Parsons (2006) Wellness factors in first year college students. American J. Health Stud.,21 (4): 214-218.Search in Google Scholar

Laudańska-Krzemińska I., A. Kaiser (2009) Lifestyle of regular army applicants - a difficult beginning or a good start? In: M. Sokołowski (ed.) Contemporary tasks, problems and perspectives of physical education in the army. Polish Scientific Physical Education Association Section of Physical Education in the Army, Warsaw, pp. 323-331.Search in Google Scholar

Lenart D. (2010) Physical activity vs. morpho-functional development of women (english abstract). In: J.Łuczak, S. Bronowicki (eds.) Zdrowotne aspekty aktywności fizycznej Wyd. Wielkopolska Wyższa Szkoła Turystyki i Zarządzania w Poznaniu, Poznań, pp. 245-253.Search in Google Scholar

Mierzejewski, R. (2008) Evaluation of the level of the land forces solders' physical activity on the base of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) (english abstract). In: E. Szczepanowska, M. Sokołowski (eds.) Aktywność fizyczna i odżywianie się jako uwarunkowania promocji zdrowia Wyd. Wielkopolska Wyższa Szkoła Turystyki i Zarządzania w Poznaniu, Poznań, pp. 225-232.Search in Google Scholar

Popay J., M. Bartley, I. Plewis (1992) Gender Inequalities in Health: Social Position, Affective Disorders and Minor Physical Morbidity. Soc. Sci. Med., 36 (1): 21-32.Search in Google Scholar

Rasińska R., M. D. Głowacka, A. Głowacka-Rębała (2011) Educational determinants in shaping soldiers' health attitudes. In: A. Kaiser, A. Tomczak (eds.), Physical activity and health promotion in the military environment. Polish Scientific Physical Education Association Section of Physical Education in the Army, Warsaw, pp.235-246.Search in Google Scholar

Sokołowski M. (2004) Type of body build and motor ability of candidates for professional military sevice. Ceska Antropologie, 54:183-184.Search in Google Scholar

Sokołowski, M., M. Mrozkowiak, A. Kaiser (2009) International physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) as a tool to assess the potential regular soldiers. In: M. Sokołowski (ed.) Contemporary tasks, problems and perspectives of physical education in the army. Polish Scientific Physical Education Association Section of Physical Education in the Army, Warsaw, pp. 349-355.Search in Google Scholar

Sokołowski M., A. Kaiser, A. Cepulenas (2010) Physical activity of female students of the University School of Physical Education in Poznań on the basis of IPAQ- educational and social perspectives. Ugdymas Kuno Kultura Sportas, 3:90-95.Search in Google Scholar

Stupnicki R. (2008) Analysis and Presentation of Questionnaire Data. University of Physical Education Editions, Warsaw.Search in Google Scholar

Verbrugge L. M. (1985) Gender and Health: An update on hypotheses and evidence. J. Health Soc. Behav., 26 (3):156-182.10.2307/2136750Search in Google Scholar

Von Bothmer M. I., B. Fridlund (2005) Gender differences in health habits and in motivation for healthy lifestyle among Swedish university students. Nurs. Health. Sci. 7(2):107-18.10.1111/j.1442-2018.2005.00227.x15877687Search in Google Scholar

www.ipaq.ki.se/downloads.htmSearch in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo