1. bookVolume 28 (2022): Issue 2 (June 2022)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2353-7779
First Published
30 Mar 2018
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Dimensions and Factors that Determine Integration of Small-Scale Sources in the Structures of Virtual Power Plants

Published Online: 19 May 2022
Volume & Issue: Volume 28 (2022) - Issue 2 (June 2022)
Page range: 185 - 192
Received: 17 Feb 2022
Accepted: 22 Apr 2022
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2353-7779
First Published
30 Mar 2018
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

In the paper the author has attempted to achieve two convergent objectives: cognitive and empirical ones. The cognitive goal constituted an analysis of the definitions of virtual organi-sations and their adaptation while defining Virtual Power Plants (VPPs). When discussing the discourse in the area of virtual organisations, the author has attempted to justify the fact that the terminology pertaining to virtual organisations should constitute the foundations for defining Virtual Power Plants. With such an assumption, a vital importance has been assigned to co-sharing of “soft” resources – key competencies, and also organisational (managerial) integration. In the context of the adopted definitions, the distributed structure of virtual power plant has been em-bedded into four layers of Smart Grid: Customer Technology, Operational Technology, Smart Metering, Energy Management System. A measurable value of the conducted discourse has been aggregation of management functions of VPP, carried out in the four-layer structure of Smart Grid. In turn, the empirical objective was to determine and distinguish, based on the conducted expert research, the factors that determine the development of small-scale energy sector, including re-newable energy sources and prosumer installations – simultaneously determining the inclination of distributed electricity producers to mutual integration in the structures of virtual power plants. Assuming, in accordance with the definitions and discourse included in the first part of the paper, that the determined factors, among others, creating virtual power plants are not only of techno-logical nature, the author has developed four portfolios of these factors. They include the following ones: technological, economic (including micro- and macro-economic), environmental, and social. The experts participating in the research could select 5 factors from each of the developed portfolio which in their opinion determined the inclination of distributed electricity producers to integrate their sources in the structures of virtual power plants. A measurable value of the empirical part has been aggregating the determinants generated and distinguished in the research process.

Keywords

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