rss_2.0Acta Marisiensis. Seria Historia FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Acta Marisiensis. Seria Historia Marisiensis. Seria Historia 's Cover Review: Mărturia unui istoric singuratic. Convorbiri cu academicianul Dinu C. Giurescu „Versus/Cohabiting with” the Transylvanian Saxons in Bistrița during the Interwar Period<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The author analyses the evolution of the relations between Romanians and Transylvanian Saxons in Bistrița during the interwar period (1918-1940).</p> <p>The approach is based on his studies on administration, economics and education, which facilitated the act of writing this historical synthesis.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Pe câmpul de onoare. O istorie a duelului la români Incomes and Expenses of the Castle Demesne of Bran at the Beginning of the 16th Century<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In this paper I analyze the medieval incomes and expenses of the castle domain of Bran (in Hungarian: Törcsvár, in German: Törzburg), compound of the castle itself and nine surrounding villages, situated in the Southeastern corner of Transylvania. The main sources of this investigation are the demesne’s remained medieval financial accounts, covering the years 1504–1513 and 1522–1526; charters referring to the domain remained only in small numbers.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Historical References on The Commodity Exchange of Galaţi<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper represents a retrospective inquiry into Galati shipping, into the Commodity Exchange and into Galati commerce in general, starting in the 1850s until the beginning of the 20th century.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-26T00:00:00.000+00:00“”. Roman Republican Cavalry Tactics in the 3rd-2nd Centuries Bc<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>One of the most interesting periods in the history of the Roman cavalry were the Punic wars. Many historians believe that during these conflicts the ill fame of the Roman cavalry was founded but, as it can be observed it was not the determination that lacked. The main issue is the presence of the political factor who decided in the main battles of this conflict. The present paper has as aim to outline a few aspects of how the Roman mid-republican cavalry met these odds and how they tried to incline the balance in their favor.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-26T00:00:00.000+00:00The Letter Exchange on the Romanian Front during the First World War<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Letters, unusual postcards, censored, illustrate the mood on the front, conveyed by two participants to the world’s first conflagration. The first letter, dated October 26, 1916, belongs to Lieutenant D. Stoica, commander of the Second Section Telegraph. A simple letter, which expresses much optimism, sent to his wife Ionela, two months after Romania’s entry into the national reunification war, accompanied by his portrait. The second letter, dated 1918, is more intense in terms of experiences, sent to a lady named Marie Ionescu, by a Romanian wounded during the battles. The letter, from the stamp that only marks the year 1918, could be dated approximately after November this year. The militant was in convalescence in a camp hospital, waiting to be resent on the front.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Reconstituire cronologică Review: Mitografii. Inventar al ezoterismelor românești Review: Bizantinii. Stat, religie și viață cotidiană în Imperiul Bizantin Establishment of Târgu Mureș Branch of „Albina” Bank and the Relationships with its Headquarters in Sibiu (1919-1928)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A close look at the minutes of the Administration Council, a governing body of the „Albina” Bank in Sibiu, reveals various aspects, as important as they are interesting, regarding the activity of the Târgu Mureș branch (one of the most important branches that began its activity before the pre-war period - 1st May 1910).</p> <p>After Transylvania was included in the Romanian Unitary National State, the entire economic life experienced a revival. In this context, „Albina”’s Târgu Mureș branch increased its turnorver beeing able to compete with the local credit institutions in the county, including the Saxon and Hungarian ones. However, the lack of liquidity on the financial markets, which threatened the well being of entire banking system, directly affected the branch starting with 1927/28. The examples found in archives and presented in this article emphasize a gradual decrease in the number of loans granted by the bank and the crippling effect on the local economy. Different types of loans are being explained and presented offering a vivid image of the inhabitants of the area, their nationality, their field of activity, which was directly linked with their financial abilities.</p> <p>Some interesting, however controversial, aspects are being highlighted regarding the unorthodox practices of the personnel, the bold decisions of the director of the branch that were not exactly in the line with the code of conduct and the ethos promoted by „Albina”’s Headquarters in Sibiu.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Landmarks in the Evolution of the Main Types of Banking Operations of Albina in Sibiu 1872-1946. I<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The 75 years history of Albina Bank reflects in its main characteristics that particularize it in the modern banking system the forms and crediting policies present in its statutes.</p> <p>The initial focus of the Albina Bank board was to activate a diverse palate of credit activities – in the first statute of the bank we can find no less than 15 types of loans. Few were actually accommodated, according to the possibilities of financing and also related to the social and economic background of the future debtors that came, the majority until 1918 from the rural areas. More so, the bank took into account the economic, financial and political context where the Romanian elite from Transylvania activated. Thus, in the first period of activity of the Albina bank its board will activate the most mobile types of crediting (credit of input and lending with public collaterals) wanting to increase the funding sources which are the main focus on the first part on an extended study.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Historical Considerations Regarding the Creation of the Cuban National Identity<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Although the revolutionary outbreak of the Spanish colonies in the Americas was sudden and apparently unplanned it was, in fact, a long process, during which colonial economies underwent growth, societies developed identities, ideas advanced to new positions and Spanish Americans began conscious of their own culture and jealous of their own resources. In Cuba the process of creating a national identity displays similarities with what happened in the former European colonies from the two Americas, turned into independent states but, on the other hand, shows different characteristics that make Cuba an exceptional case among the nations of the New World. A number of factors of different natures, as well as the vicinity of a state that from the second half of XIXth century is paving the way for a great power, helped to keep Cuba in Spanish hands until the end of the XIXth century long after the other colonies of the Spanish empire had fallen to local settler armies elsewhere. This short study aims to illustrate some aspects regarding the historical dynamics in the build up of a Cuban national identity.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-06-05T00:00:00.000+00:00The Ottoman “other”: (Re)Framing the Past of the Modern Turkish Nation<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The paper examines the process of the Turkish nation building process starting from the premises that whether we talk about culture, religion, ethnicity, language, traditions or other elements nations identify with and take pride in, continuity in time is an essential requirement to legitimize the bases of national identity in the nationalist discourse.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-06-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Nicolae Haralambie and the Abdication of Alexandru Ioan Cuza<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The present study contributes to the knowledge of less known aspects regarding the dethroning of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza and of the important role that the army had in the plot. It highlights the personality of a great officer, Nicolae Haralambie, who was attracted to the conspiracy through a woman.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-06-05T00:00:00.000+00:00“Long Live Greater Romania!”: The Great Union Day - Gender Perspectives<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The present paper explored the Great Union Day which marked the union of Transylvania with Romania from a gender perspective. The Great Union Day is well approached in Romanian historiography yet less is known about women’s presence and reactions to this historical day. We have indeed the figures but they do not reveal the whole range of emotions, reactions of women thus the study focused on these aspects through the analysis of such historical records as memoires, journals, public speeches and official documents.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-06-05T00:00:00.000+00:00The Economical Issues of the Greek-Catholic and Orthodox Deaneries of Târgu Mureş between September 1940 and October 1944<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The Greek-Catholic and Orthodox Deaneries of Târgu Mureş were part of the ceded territory through The Vienna Arbitration. The economic issues that the two deaneries faced during World War II were complex and varied. The first one was related to the seizure of the majority of the harvest collected on the church territory in the autumn of 1940. The living of the clergy and their families was affected also by the payment delayed until February 1941. Beside all of these, the economical stability was affected, for a longer period of time, by the loss of their lands, which constituted a source for additional revenues, especially for the poorer parishes. Some of the investments in building new churches were in vain. Two churches were demolished by unknown authors during 1941. The economic problems, that the two deaneries faced, have returned to the previous situation after the liberation of the Northern Transylvania.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-06-05T00:00:00.000+00:00The Diplomatic Action of Pietro Quaroni. The Relations between Italy and the USSR in the Period between 1944 and 1945<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The present study approaches the subject of the diplomatic relation between Italy and the Soviet Union during 1944 and 1945 beginning with 27<sup>th</sup> May 1944 when Pietro Quaroni, a career diplomat, presented the credentials of ambassador.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-06-05T00:00:00.000+00:00Alfonso Visconti, a Diplomat in the Service of the Holy See at the Court of Zsigmond Báthory<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This research focuses on the life of Cardinal Alfonso Visconti reconstructing the years of his religious formation until his arrival in Rome: from the activity carried out at the Congregation of the Oratory founded by San Filippo Neri, to the diplomatic career conducted in the service of the Holy See. After serving in Portugal and Prague, at the court of Rudolf II, between 1595 and 1598 he was sent on a diplomatic mission, as nuncio, to the Prince of Transylvania Zsigmond Báthory. His mission took place in a dramatic historical phase for Danubian-Balkan Europe, threatened by the power of the Turkish “infidel”.</p><p>The article aims to reconstruct the main phases of Visconti’s difficult mission, which had been sent to this peripheral part of the continent, but very important on a geopolitical level, with the aim of creating the anti-Turkish crusade so much desired by Pope Clement VIII</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-06-05T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1