rss_2.0BioCosmos FeedSciendo RSS Feed for BioCosmos 's Cover Appearance of Life and the Second Law of Thermodynamics<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>It is often argued both by scientists and the lay public that it is extremely unlikely for life or minds to arise spontaneously, but this argument is hard to quantify. In this paper I make this argument more rigorous, starting with a review of the concepts of information and entropy, and then examining the specific case of Maxwell's demon and how it relates to living systems. I argue that information and entropy are objective physical quantities, defined for systems as a whole, which allow general arguments in terms of physical law. In particular, I argue that living systems obey the same rules as Maxwell's demons.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-04-13T00:00:00.000+00:00BioCosmos: New Perspectives on the Origin and Evolution of Life for Phase Transitions in Replication Fidelity and Survival Probability at the Origin of Life<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Highly accurate self-replication of cellular phenotype is a requirement for biological evolution. I previously investigated the degree of self-replication fidelity needed in a viable, evolving population of living cells. Here I present a phase transition approach from non-living chemical complexity to evolving living creatures and illustrate the necessary non-continuity of whatever process led to the origin of evolution. A theoretical approach to the relationship between replication fidelity, survival probability and the capacity to grow and evolve is presented consistent with previous data from experimental simulations. The implications for the origin of life to include explanations for non-continuity are discussed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-05T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1