rss_2.0Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Educationhttps://sciendo.com/journal/CPLBUhttps://www.sciendo.comBalkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education 's Coverhttps://sciendo-parsed-data-feed.s3.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com/6005afa7e797941b18f23adc/cover-image.jpg?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20210803T132848Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=604799&X-Amz-Credential=AKIA6AP2G7AKDOZOEZ7H%2F20210803%2Feu-central-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=106308d50e0d5f276eb5fbab585edeec24870b69e7e8b414602723e6d5177d0e200300An Important Factor of Research University Development: the Role of a pre-Masters Program for International Studentshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0011<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This paper considers the important practicality, scientific and methodological principles in the design of the pre-masters program in National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University (or simply TPU). TPU is a university that mainly provides technical education, particularly education in engineering, science and technology disciplines. The design of the pre-masters program also considers the incorporation of educational technology for its realization for the international students, who received the bachelor’s degrees in other countries in English language and want to study masters programs in Russian language in Russia. According to the results of a comparative analysis that explored the experiences of the international students from English-speaking and Russian-speaking universities in the world within their pre-bachelors and pre-masters programs, this paper explains the differences between these programs and the specific features of the pre-masters programs. Further, this paper reports the analysis results of the implementation, monitoring and outcomes of the pre-masters program in TPU. It also presents some proposals for its further development.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Traffic Noise Pollution in a Historical City Center - Case Study Project within Environmental Engineering Field of Studyhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0033<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Noise reduction for urban areas, especially noise generated by traffic is one of the major problems in today’s European cities. This paper is focused on more aspects that are addressing to traffic noise, like pavement, driver’s behavior, frequency of stops, pick hours, traffic agglomerations, etc. Research leading to this paper was conducted within the project “Adaptation to the Climate Change” developed in partnership with Environmental protection Agency Sibiu, focusing for this case study on traffic related pollution in a historical city center of Sibiu. Were considered three types of pavements (cobblestones, streets covered with dense asphalt, and graded asphalt road surfaces), three types of vehicles (small passenger car, family car and SUV), and testing’s were done using 3M Quest SoundPro Sonometer. Higher noise levels were registered for cobblestone and dense asphalt surfaces. Acoustic measurements and maps emphasizing studied are presented, and the identified parameters considered to be related to the traffic noise are given.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00The Role of Technology Entrepreneurship Education in Encouraging to Launch New Ventureshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0031<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Technology entrepreneurship refers to processes by which entrepreneurs use resources, and technical systems through collaborative exploration and experimentation to pursue opportunities. The purpose of this study is to explore the role of technology entrepreneurship to increase the intention and motivation of engineering students to establish and manage sustainable new ventures and commercialization of technologies developed in university laboratories. Quantitative data were collected via a questionnaire-based by investigating whether engineering students have sufficient entrepreneurial skills to evaluate opportunity, developing new products, and recognizing potential market applications. Engineering students need to be able to exploit opportunities that rely on scientific and technical knowledge to create and capture value by launch new venture. Our important findings have a series of important practical implications for managers, engineering students, engineers, and scientists interested in encouraging economic growth. For example, technology entrepreneurship education increases the intention to start a business and stimulates the activities in a group setting and a network context because of increasing global competition based on agility, creativity and innovation. The findings of the study also provide practical implications suggest that increasing engineering students understanding and awareness of entrepreneurship lead to greater levels of interest in entrepreneurship careers.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Quality Management Principles in the University-Industry Partnershiphttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0015<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Purpose of the work</p><p>In the context of an intensified and successful cooperation between Continental Automotive Systems SRL and Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania, the most recent initiative is to undertake a research investigation meant to examine the collaboration between higher education and business and identify new means to increase the efficiency of their partnership taking into account the present challenges addressing both academia and industry, as well as facilitating the transition from the former to the latter in the context of the labour market demands.</p><p>Methodology</p><p>The study will provide an analysis of the public-private partnership based on a recent case study endorsed by a thorough theoretical framework. In this respect, an anonymous questionnaire was addressed to two target groups: employees and team/department leaders at Continental Automotive Systems SRL Sibiu.</p><p>Important findings</p><p>The results of the case study will provide relevant feedback about the ability of new employees to integrate on the labour market and make full use of the abilities and competencies developed and trained throughout their academic education. Since the present study is a follow up of previous research projects, the case study will now focus on “non-technical talents”, therefore the target group of the questionnaire is represented by employees and team leaders from the following departments: translation services, human resources, purchasing, logistics, finance and controlling.</p><p>Conclusions that identify implications for future practice and/or policy and key “Take Home Messages”</p><p>The present paper highlights the relevance of each component of the knowledge triangle – education, research, innovation – as a means to prevent and overcome crisis evinced as: unemployment in addition to graduates’ inability to integrate or adapt to the requirements of business community, labour market mobility and financial instability, economic competitiveness.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Designing a Hardware Platform for Training Operators of Critical Infrastructureshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0037<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Critical infrastructures could endanger the trainees’ lives and/or the environment. The nature of these infrastructures often does not allow staff training in real situations. This paper presents the processes involved in designing a virtual reality platform (hardware and software) to provide a safe training environment, which is believed to be able to better support in the training of staff involved in critical infrastructures. The design of this training platform includes the considerations and adoption of an innovation algorithm based on the TRIZ method. The paper addresses the training process of personnel who operate offshore drilling facilities. The platform is in the physical development stage within the CREVIS project and it will allow personnel training from critical infrastructures in a mixed environment: real / virtual.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Driving Simulators for Human Vehicle Interaction Designhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0034<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The interaction human-vehicle, as well as driver’s behavior are subject long debated in the automotive engineering domain. Driving simulators have an extraordinary important role allowing research that would not be possible to study in real world scenarios.</p><p>A driver uses his sensory inputs to obtain the required input to base his decision on. The bandwidth of the required input signal should be in accordance to the driver’s task. For simple tasks, like turning on the screen wipers or direction indicator, low frequency information is sufficient. High frequency information is required when cornering on a busy road or when driving in relatively limit situations.</p><p>The optimal configuration of each sub-system remains a significant cause for debate and still poses a major challenge when considering the ability of simulators to extract realistic driver behavior. If a difference is observed between real and virtual conditions, the factors specifically cause these differences are very difficult to be explained.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00A Case Study: Technology Education Internationalizationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0004<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This paper investigates the internationalization of education, specifically technology education in National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU). Through a conducted case study of a course in a Master of Information Technology (MIT) program development, it investigated the challenges that TPU faced and how they could overcome the challenges in internationalizing their programs and curricula. The research adopted a qualitative case study research method. It used survey, observation and documentations as the data collection techniques, as they are best suited for this research. Ten students were involved in a delivery of a course in a developed internationalized MIT program. The research team observed how the students learnt, whether there were challenges and difficulties in the delivery of course learning and how they were overcome. The results showed that the students were highly satisfied with the course developed and they believed they greatly benefited from the developed course.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Empirical Study of the Factors which Have an Impact on University Performance in EU Countries, Reflected by the Shanghai Rankinghttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0012<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The study tries to prove the existence of a significant relationship between EU countries academic excellence measured by international university rankings scores and the level of attainment for the EU strategic objectives in higher education and research, as are measured by the countries’ values of the afferent indicators. The study was applied to the correlation between some headline indicators of the Europe 2020 strategy and the Shanghai Ranking scores. Measuring the strength of a linear association between variables by using the Pearson Correlation, a strong correlation was found between the country Shanghai scores and the country values for indicators such as: “public expenditure in education”, “expenditure in R&amp;D”, “patent stock”, and “lifelong learning”. A moderate correlation with students’ international mobility was also identified.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Marketing Management: Realities and Requirements in the Context of Business Globalization and Internationalization of Companieshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0035<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Romanian organizations must open their doors to the outside, and for that managers must perceive and interpret all incoming signals to withstand competitive pressure to attract and retain customers, to be competent, to achieve maximum efficiency in their business processes.</p><p>The purpose of the selective scientific research aims the knowledge of certain issues within the organization, such as: current state of marketing management and customer orientation; specific business marketing management in conditions of business globalization and internationalization of companies; specific customer orientation;</p><p>Depending on the objectives pursued, the investigation carried out included two successive researches: an exploratory qualitative research and a descriptive quantitative research. The general conclusion about the state of knowledge on marketing management in the context of business globalization and internationalization of companies is that the majority of respondents are aware of the importance of marketing management to support them when they face the daunting penetration option of global markets;</p><p>“Take Home Messages”: The research has shown that the most important measure that organizations are considering in order to improve marketing management and make the organization’s management efficient is to increase the place and role of marketing management in the overall management of the organization.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Teaching and Training Values in Vocational Education. Retrospective Viewhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0009<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The Leonardo da Vinci project entitled EViVE - European Values Vocational Education-LLP-LDV / PAR / 2013 / RO / 032), took place between September 2013 and July 2015. In this a project, professors from the Educational Sciences Department of the Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu along with partners from Germany, France, Great Britain, Bulgaria and Turkey were involved. The project stages started with the detection of existing values in vocational education in each country. These values were compared afterwards with the values promoted by the European Union as a standard and in case they did not coincident, the common values in accordance with European values were transmitted. In order to ensure the teaching and learning framework of these values, there had to be accomplished a common curriculum, in which specific national features were inserted, exemplifying how these values can and must be taught. The taught lesson showed the importance of awareness of the teachers in teaching these values during the didactic process, as well as the importance that students, through means of education, have to internalize these values, in order to become fully trained Citizens of the United Europe.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00The Hierarchy of Urban Transport Networkshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0039<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>At the level of premise, most experts agree that, in urban, traveling public wants so-called ex-ante demand do not get to be fulfilled by transmission system exploit, so-called ex post demand level is lower desires the reasons are complex, but the general idea is the network that descends satisfied offer between the two categories of demand. In this material is presented a mathematical model for evaluating the quality of urban transport networks, the proposed hierarchy is determinate by the post central level approach of ex- ante demand of ex -post ideal. The exploitation of urban passenger transport has led to a custom on improving service: It is believed that multiplying the number of routes or vehicles number will bring the ex post level to ex-ante levels. In this paper is demonstrated that this desideratum is impossible to achieve. Like conclusions: numerical values for ex-ante demand near to ex-post demand; a relatively simple instrument, but consistent, to prioritize urban transport networks; a procedure for determining the profitability of “breakthroughs” in constructive structure that would reduce the distance by setting the limit up to which may increase the fare.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00“Internet of Things” Contribution to Electrical Energy Efficiency and Society Eco-Educationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0032<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This paper aims at analyzing the place and possible contribution of “Internet of Things” (IoT) in the context of the EU’s ambitious climate and energy targets for 2020. Using qualitative methodology we are mainly focusing on Demand Side Management (DSM) as an effective method in balancing the load of Electrical Distribution Networks.</p><p>The role of IoT in DSM is to enable and enhance electrical energy peak demand reduction and its maximum uniform time-distribution achieved through society’s eco-education. Using computational tools such as Data Mining and Recommender System we can achieve results at the level of electrical energy distribution network reflected in peak reduction and its uniform time distribution.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00The Sustainability in a Quality Improvement Modelhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0019<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to promote the integration of sustainable development concepts and conceptual models in engineering research, and therefore, to enhance sustainability of research models. Particularly, the concepts are integrated with an integrated theoretical model of knowledge management and DMAIC (Define-Measure-Analysis-Improve-Control) process.</p><p>Methodology: Based on literature, the key concepts of sustainable development, knowledge management, Ontology and DMAIC methodology have been reviewed. A theoretical combination of knowledge management, ontology engineering, and DMAIC methodology is to aim at accumulating and reusing a potential economic resource, knowledge resource. An analysis of sustainable aspects of a proposed model is presented.</p><p>Important findings: As literature expressed that knowledge created by every step of a DMAIC process can be accumulated and reused by using Ontology in a conceptual model. Furthermore, sustainable aspects of the model such as economy, environment and society are identified.</p><p>Conclusion: DMAIC knowledge is a potential economic resource that should be shared and reused using Ontology engineering in order to archive sustainable development of DMAIC process. Theoretical integration of seven sustainable measures with activities of knowledge management is possible and realizable.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00New Skills in Education for Biodiversity Conservation in Romaniahttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0038<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The purpose of this article is to analyse political and regulatory frameworks for connecting education and environment authorities in order to reveal opportunities for introducing new activities based on living organisms into the biology curriculum. The article is also proposing a conceptual framework for capacity building based on the analysis of relevant results at the international level, regarding the experiential learning process. Based on the results of this analysis Romania has the capacity to implement new activities under the public curricula for biology in order to support the development of new skills for ensuring biodiversity conservation as a whole. Moreover, at least three native species, domesticated or wild, may become subjects for next activities development under the existing curricula.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Using CFD Techniques in Teaching Rectangular Settling Tank Hydrodynamicshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0005<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Sedimentation is one of the most important phenomena applied in wastewater treatment. The paper presents the CFD techniques used in teaching students the influence of the inlet baffle on the primary settling tank hydrodynamics. Different sizes and dimensions of the baffle are studied in order to highlight the optimum configuration that assures uniform flow in the settling area and prevents dead zones. By this mean the students have the possibility to evaluate multiple configurations in short time intervals and with low costs, when compared to hands-on experiments.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Study Upon the Invertebrates with Economic Importance for the Vegetables Cultures in the Guşteriţa Ecological Garden (Sibiu County)https://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0007<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The fortified church in Guşteriţa got its final shape during the 16<sup>th</sup> century. During more recent times it became a leisure park and then a vegetable garden named “The Prioress Garden”. Nowadays there is developing an agricultural-educational experiment having an original character. The main idea of the experiment is the educational one in the idea of knowing the practice of an agriculture based on ecological concepts and also adding the concept of the biodynamic. The specific aims are: identifying the general measures of prevention and reduction of the attack of the pests and finding ways in order to maintaining the population of the invertebrates under the pest limit. The evaluation and classification of the invertebrates/insects was done in accordance with their food. The specific methods applied in the field were: the observation upon the elements of the biocoenocis, collecting of the biological material directly from the plants. In the lab, on the base of the determinatives there were identified the beneficial and pest invertebrates fauna. The result of the researches emphasizes that a biological, modern and profitable gardening is based on the living component in the cultivated ecosystems which reduces the pest populations, proving the beneficial role for the man.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Innovative Methods for Business Education using Isotope Linking on Anonymous Readers’ Commentshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0023<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The paper presents the importance of analysis isotopes on anonymous readers’ comments as an important part of deep interpretation of texts. Furthermore, we describe a classification methodology of the anonymous readers’ comments on online articles, through the overlapping of isotopes, which completed the traditional analytical methods. Automatic recognition of isotopes is an important topic in Natural Language Processing (NLP), especially in the semantic disambiguation. The aim of this article is the automatic comparative analysis of the identified isotopes in articles and comments, which reveals an important part of online behavior. Moreover, we present a new tool that classifies the online commentators based on existing resources, open-source or freely available for research purposes. This study is intend to help direct beneficiaries (journalists, business, education, managers, PR specialists), but also specialists and researchers in the field of natural language processing, linguists, psychologists, etc.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Redesign Subject to Support Group Work in Distance Educationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0028<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This paper is about a distance education subject redesign undertaken in School of Information Studies at Charles Sturt University. This paper presents a theoretical framework supporting a constructive alignment in subject redesign grounded on some valuable learning theories, namely social constructivism, cooperative learning and collaborative learning. The theoretical framework guided the redesign of a postgraduate subject INF441 Information Management in Organizations. In the subject redesign, constructive alignment for learning environment, intended learning outcomes, teaching and learning activities and assessment tasks were carefully checked. The paper reports the effects of the subject learning design after the subject was subsequently taught by the same designer in the role of a subject coordinator/lecturer. Group work tools in CSU Interact (a learning management system using Sakai) were able to create an appropriate learning environment for the successful running of the subject. The subject redesign created an effective beneficial learning environment in the presence of the affordance of the learning management system ‘CSU Interact’.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Internship and Private Fellowship: Why is it Difficult for Companies to Find Suitable Candidates?https://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0021<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This exploratory study aims to identify the factors that prevent companies to find suitable candidates for private fellowships and internships: what students believe to be the causes, how would they explain these and which stakeholders should be involved to eliminate them. Data collection based on a sample of 18 engineering students that attended a company presentation inviting applications for private fellowship and student practice. Opinions were expressed in writing prior to structured interviews and group discussions. Limitations to this study are the relatively small sample size (n =18) and reliance on self-report measures. Information related causes were perceived by the students to lead their decisions, followed by lack of self-confidence of successful application for the grant. Respondents were classified in „Doers”, „Wishers “and „Lagers”. Universities must reinvent themselves in order to provide students with better knowledge and confidence on the job market, measured through a larger number of doers, which could become role models for wishers. Such process may generate a “critical mass” or tipping point in the transformation of a significant number of “wishers and lagers”. Whilst some of the students’ opinions are subjective, cooperation between universities and companies must continue to improve in order to enhance learning and better prepare students for their future careers.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Managing Knowledge in Public - Private Partnerships for R&D Centreshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/cplbu-2015-0014<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The organizations from private sector are living into an era of innovation, innovation that can be enhanced through research inside academic sector. The European and national initiative is to foster collaboration between them and develop a climate of challenging both sectors pursuing innovation.</p><p>The paper is proposing a model of collaboration between a private organization from automotive industry and four layers of higher education. The academic side: bachelor, master and PhD students together with a PhD Adviser, is involved into a vivid bidirectional feedback with the private organization, creating a Research Group. The methodologies used during research consist of bibliographic research, observational research inside organization and interview technique. The research proves that existing models tend to fall off when faced with frequent changes but the proposed one can enrich academic and private results.</p><p>The main purpose of the model is to develop an efficient collaboration for R&amp;D PPPs into creation of a Software platform that integrates the continuous improvement techniques inside projects, organizations and onto human resources.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-01-19T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1