rss_2.0Research in Social Change FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Research in Social Change in Social Change 's Cover importance of high – Tech companies for EU economy – Overview and the EU grand strategies perspective<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>In the context of economic globalization, technology is a key factor in boosting growth and competitiveness in the business world. Technologically intensive companies have more innovation, gain new markets, use available resources more productively, and generally offer more to the people they employ. Europe spends less on R&amp;D, compared to the US and Japan, mainly due to lower levels of private investment. The lower share of HTC in the EU is the reason for half of the EU's lag behind the US. The aim of this paper is therefore to present the importance of high – tech companies for EU economy and to evaluate the steering of Europe 2020 grand strategies towards active support of HTCs and estimate, how Europe 2030 strategies will continue the effort of boosting EU economy.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-22T00:00:00.000+00:00Technology and Innovations in Regional Development for Europe 2020: Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence TIR 2020 for smart, Inclusive and sustainable growth<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The European Union is steering its development by a series of successive strategic documents, its grand strategies. While having important role, these strategies do not have a perfect implementation score and a score of initiatives and research is dedicated to better understand these processes. The article presents one such initiative, Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence Technologies and Innovations in Regional Development for Europe 2020, a focal point of competence on the topic. Utilising novel Social Fields approach to innovation, the centre combines original empirical research, public debates and formal and informal learning to collect and disseminate knowledge on the topic.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-22T00:00:00.000+00:00Systematized analysis using data mining’s methodology on the topic of regional industrial symbiosis and its networks<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The aim of this paper is the analysis and a presentatition of texts and terminological ontology of scientific and professional publications in the field of regional Industrial Symbiosis and Industrial Symbiotic Networks. With computer-aided text analysis it is possible to have a comprehensive overview of the publications of works in this field and a more detailed presentation of the most fruitful concepts of publications.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-22T00:00:00.000+00:00A meta-analysis and explanation of innovation processes through the outline of Social Fields Theory<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Modern reports and studies on innovation processes offer a variety of possibilities for measuring and explaining innovation processes. These reports have a comparable model for operationalization of the concept of innovation, as they include both quantitative and qualitative indicators. The complexity of the modern societies and the interaction of actors, determines also to look for alternative models, which would embrace this complexity. We do not question these approaches and their reliability toward measuring the innovation performance, but rather to focus on alternative operationalization and explanation. Thus, through the embedment of the Social Fields Theory in the context of innovation processes it would offer various possibilities of applying a more coherent operationalization toward the explaining innovation. This article will display a critical assessment of a number of studies and projects, which used this approach in order to explain the innovation, but also using different methodologies that incorporate innovation processes and the theory of Social Fields.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-22T00:00:00.000+00:00European automotive technological innovation systems in the age of disruption: The suppliers’ view<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Although empirical studies show that suppliers’ innovativeness enhances original equipment manufacturers’ (OEM) total innovation performance, some evidence reveals that suppliers’ innovation affects OEM in quantitatively and qualitatively limited ways. This study aims to explore innovation systems of European automobile producers, i.e., OEM. Technological innovation systems (TIS) remain relatively underexplored, but the approach is especially valuable for explaining why and how sustainable and circular innovation develop and spread. We applied a mixed-method approach and conducted patent analyses and interviews with 20 respondents from Slovenia, Austria, and Hungary, which are representatives of suppliers for the automotive industry and automotive clusters. We confirm that the European OEMs build innovation ecosystems that are more closed than their Asian counterparts. Furthermore, we define three paths of how inventions of suppliers can reach the OEMs, with developmental suppliers (large companies) having the highest probability of influencing the innovation activity of OEMs. The entry of small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) and start-ups with their inventions is difficult. However, it is not impossible, especially if they develop new solutions connected to current disruptive trends in the automotive industry: electric cars, autonomous driving and digitalisation.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-22T00:00:00.000+00:00Prospects for innovation performance on European level<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>In 2004, the European Commission implemented the Decision No 1608/2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of Community statistics on innovation. This triggered the awareness of the role of innovation and R&amp;D on national and European level and thus the opportunity to step towards in-depth monitoring innovation performance through various indicators. The paper aims to investigate the trends in the selected innovation indicators (i.e., public funding, expenditures and innovation activities, types of innovation and products introduced, hampered innovation activities) to outline the development direction on the enterprise level using the Community innovation survey data for the 2002–2016 period. Using the basic time series analysis, the paper evaluates the progress according to the European Strategy on research and innovation. Furthermore, using the autocorrelation and autoregression methods, the paper also outlines the future direction in innovation performance on European level.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-22T00:00:00.000+00:00Construction of symbolic equality in Norwegian political rituals<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>How is equality expressed in political rituals? How do we know whether we are witnessing equality? How is equality connoted symbolically? Such questions consider the appearance of a phenomenon that, probably, does not yet exist. This article aims at exploring symbolic constructions of equality in Norwegian political rituals from the theoretic standpoints of intersectionality and democratic equality. To achieve this aim, I analyze symbolism of three ritual dimensions: surroundings, participants’ actions and time (use and division). The methodological tools are ethnographic observation and interpretation. My analysis indicates that, in the Norwegian political context, equality manifests in symbols of transparency, openness, availability, solidarity, care, love and access to power possessors for citizens. These symbols are embedded in habitual forms of punctuality, physical contact, singing and emotional expression.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00Pro-Gambling culture<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This paper analyses gambling within the notion of culture. Examining its origins, we find out that gambling is strongly intertwined with culture. Due to human development and cultural complexity, the perceptions of luck, taking risk and chance change over time, but still have an important impact on gambling activity and detecting its codes. Historical evidence of gambling shows that gambling developed with different intensity, and has been mostly affected by European colonization. Gambling culture can be distinguished depending on the historical backgrounds, institutional structure and religious backgrounds (among other factors). The secondary analysis was prepared by taking raw data from the World Value Survey (2014) and analysing the correlations between gambling components. The selected components prove to be significantly correlated with the Taking Risk factor (secularization factor) and represent a significant contribution to the finalization of our findings. The final results propose four types of gambling culture present today, i.e. Simple Gambling Culture, Denied Gambling Culture, Transitioning Gambling Culture and Pro-Gambling Culture. Simple Gambling culture has the least gambling characteristic, whereas Pro-gambling Culture is a newly introduced term which represents the contemporary gambling cultural orientations.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00Organisational design and organisational effectiveness in Ecobank Nigeria Limited in Delta State<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The study examines the organisational design and organisational effeciveness in Ecobank Nigeria Limited in Delta State. The instrument used for data collection wasorganisational design questionnaire and the data were analyzed using chi-square. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significant relationship betweenpoor technology, inappropriate organisational size and staff mix as well as poor responsive and adaptive organisational (internal) environment and organisational effectiveness in Ecobank Nigeria Limited in Delta state. The study recommended that organisation should increase the level of their technology, organisational size, staff mix as well as imbibing the culture and practice of anticipating, scanning, monitoring of internal and external environments with an eye to responding and adapting to appropriate changes and trends to actualize their organisationalset goals.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00Coca-cola, Marlboro, Suzuki: Turbofolk music as a tool of political propaganda during the 1990s in Serbia<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This paper analyzes the relationship and correlation between propaganda and the mass media on the example of turbo-folk music as the most influential cultural model in the 1990s in Serbia. The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence and spread of turbo-folk music through various propaganda techniques and through the mass media. The primary aim of the research is to understand the related propaganda and the media, while the starting hypothesis is that turbo-folk music served the political interests of the ruling elites as a distraction from the gloomy political and economic situation in which Serbia was. My intention is that turbo-folk music could be considered as the primary cultural model of that age, just as much as the culture of escapism.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00Is youth unemployment in EU countries structural?<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This paper’s main aim is to observe and confirm youth unemployment as a structural phenomenon in certain EU countries, including Slovenia. An innovative contribution is that it complements the prevailing economistic discourse with a sociological one. In the introduction, a brief history and overview of youth unemployment is presented. Slovenia is only briefly mentioned as having one of the relatively longest-lasting youth unemployment rates in the EU. In <xref ref-type="sec" rid="j_rsc-2020-0010_s_002_w2aab3b7b3b1b6b1ab1b1Aa">sections 2</xref> and <xref ref-type="sec" rid="j_rsc-2020-0010_s_003_w2aab3b7b3b1b6b1ab1b2Aa">3</xref>, approaches from economics and sociology are relied on while discussing three ‘types’ of EU countries with regard to different structural unemployment rates. From a sociological view, the longterm nature of youth unemployment is described, together with its impact on the social structure and (possible) socially destructive and economically destabilizing consequences. In <xref ref-type="sec" rid="j_rsc-2020-0010_s_004_w2aab3b7b3b1b6b1ab1b3Aa">section 4</xref>, analysis of “every-day life” indicators, namely, young people’s perceptions of work and life, reveals some surprising facts that depart from previous findings. In short: young people are more satisfied with their work and lives than older generations.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00Unpacking the politics of equality, diversity and inclusion: The case of Israeli Jewish and Palestinian women in municipal councils<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This research aims to unpack the politics of gender equality and inclusion in municipal councils, focusing on the patterns of women’s political practices; the institutional impact of the national and local cultures on the organizational cultures. It is based on action-research and mixed-method format. Eight municipal councils in small and medium size Jewish, Arab and Jewish-Arab towns in the Northern district participate in the study. Initial findings suggest that women's meaningful involvement in the municipal strategic decision-making is partial. There is a significant gap between the declared strive for gender equality and inclusion and women's actual influence in decision-making. This gap looms particularly large in the Arab towns. The mechanisms of exclusion and potential avenues of counteracting them are discussed.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00Social change in contemporary Nigeria: A theoretical discourse<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This paper examines social change in Nigeria between 1960 and 2015 using the theoretical stance of some classical and contemporary theories of change. Also, the paper focuses on the interpretation of the process of social change in terms of what makes change happen, the characteristics of change and managing change in a given society. The explanatory research design was employed in explaining the socio-cultural, political and economic dimensions of change in Nigeria. The paper concludes that the dynamics and realities of social change in Nigeria could best be explained and understood through a triangulation of change theories with strong empirical roots in sociology.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00The influence of entrepreneurial skills, education and risk perception on career choice intent: The case of European students with family business background<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>When confronted with career choice, students with family business background have a specific trilemma. Having an additional career alternative as a potential family business successor, makes their career choice decision more complex compared with their peers. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how entrepreneurial education, risk perception and skill mastering influence career choice intention of this specific group of students. We used a data set from GUESSS 2014 survey. Our sample includes students with family business background from 18 European countries. We used a multinomial logistic regression since our dependant variable has three categorical solutions (entrepreneur, employee and successor). Our findings may be used by consultants, education institutions and more importantly by parents which find themselves in a triple role of an entrepreneur, an owner and a parent.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00The problematic of budget implementation in Nigeria: A study of Delta State Government<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This study examines the problematic of budget implementation in Nigeria using Delta State as a case study. The design of the study was descriptive survey. The population of the study comprised of 2383 senior staff in the Delta State Ministry of Basic and Secondary Education, Ministry of Economic Planning, Ministry of Works, Ministry of Housing and Ministry of Finance. The sample of the study consisted of 350 senior staff drawn from level 10-16 using stratified and simple random techniques. The instruments used for data collection was budget implementation questionnaire. The data were analyzed using mean rating and chi-square. The findings of the study revealed that there is significant relationship between politics of accommodation, poor commitment, compromised budget monitoring, culture of corruption and budget implementation in Delta State. The study also recommended among others that approved budgets should be religiously implemented without considering or accommodating the personal or selfish interests of different stakeholders in the political system, there should be genuine and high-level commitment to the execution of budgets after their approval so that such budgetary allocations and provisions can translate into concrete development in all the envisaged sectors, and there should be an efficient and effective monitoring of approved budgetary projects as well as zero tolerance for corruption.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00Women’s status in Tunisia post revolution, legal acquis and real achievements<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Under the umbrella of democratic transition, a new constitution was written which encourages more for gender equality and provides Tunisian women with further rights, mainly the political ones, to improve more the status of women within the complexity of the Tunisia society. This paper intends to focus on the Gender Gap Index, a methodological approach for the measurement of gender equality published by the World Economic Forum, to examine the regulations on women’s rights in the Tunisian constitution and to connect the statistics with legal achievement in order to try to answer the main research question: to what extent laws about Tunisian women’s rights are translated in practice?</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00Between the state and civil society: Anti-corruption discourse of movements and non-governmental organisations in Russia<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The main objective of the article is to define the main strategies of discourse of an anti-corruption civil society (ACS) and to analyse functioning of its main models, which are presented by the activity of three organisations: The All-Russia People's Front, the Transparency International–Russia, and the Anti-Corruption Foundation. For this analysis, we selected the content analysis and critical discourse analysis of anti-corruption investigations and used other documents demonstrating the organisations’ activities. According to the research results, all three models exist in Russia but their correlation is asymmetric. All-Russia People's Front acts on behalf of the state as the main anti-corruption agent. Transparency International presents itself as a part of the global anti-corruption movement based on the principles of professionalism and political independency. The Anti-Corruption Foundation declares that state authorities are corrupt and therefore cannot fight against corruption using adequate measures. The asymmetry of the models presented is determined by the lack of checks and balances in the country, where the state presents itself as the single agent of curbing corruption and creates fictive anti-corruption civil society.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00The Basovizza monument: Constructing memory and identity<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The Foiba di Basovizza monument in northeast Italy commemorates victims of mass killings instigated by communist partisans at the end of World War II. These killings are known as “foibe” in the Italian literature. This word has come to signify the “ethnic cleansing” of Italians by Yugoslavians, despite evidence indicating that the majority of victims of these killings were from Slovenia and Croatia and that the killings were politically motivated. The Foiba di Basovizza was designated a national monument in Italy in 2007 and the narrative of “ethnic cleansing” it presents has been accepted throughout Italy as a legitimate version of history. Nationalistic comments made by European Parliament president Antonio Tajani at the monument’s annual commemoration on 10 February 2019, however, sparked international outcry and revealed that the site is still a vortex for longstanding discursive battles over territorial rights and victimhood contests. This paper argues that the Basovizza monument outmaneuvers questions of historical and scientific accuracy by constructing an exclusive notion of Italian identity that galvanizes nationalism and fuels fear of foreign infiltration. My analysis is a case study that investigates how productions of public memory can be used politically to influence the formation of national, ethnic, and cultural identity.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00Oil production and the problematic of water pollution in the Niger Delta: A study of selected communities in Bayelsa State<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This study examines the problematic of oil production and water pollution in selected oil-bearing communities in Bayelsa State. The design of the study was descriptive survey. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. The data were analyzed using chi-square. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between the role of the Nigerian State, multinational oil companies as well as the community leadership and the negative effects of water pollution on the health, occupation/economic and the livelihood standard/poverty level of the people of the oil-bearing communities in Bayelsa State. The study recommended among others that the multi-layered levels of government should formulate and genuinely implement policies that will mitigate the effects of water pollution on the health, economic and livelihood status of the people and the multinational oil conglomerates should be truly committed to integrated policies and strategies that will close the developmental gaps in the Niger Delta Region.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00Return migration and re-integration of returnees challenges in the origin country<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Return migration, traditionally not a well-studied and often neglected area, is becoming an important component of the international migration debate. Reintegration is an essential part of return migration and identified as a complex process that is experienced differently by returnees. The adaptation of immigrants in the host country has been extensively studied, while much less attention has been paid to economic and socio-cultural reintegration and the difficulties return migrants face once they come back to their homeland. Especially children and youth born in destination countries with sociolinguistic and socialization difficulties face a particularly tough reintegration process. Theoretically, there is comprehensive literature focused on return migration and reasons for return, but less in return migration policies and reintegration process. Empirically, there is a lack of studies focused on the reintegration of returnees, particularly in the socio-cultural aspect. With increased attention to the importance of this process, many states and governments have established policies or programs to encourage the return of their citizens, and facilitate returnees’ successful and permanent relocation in the new society of the origin country. This paper aims to analyze theoretically and empirically the processes of reintegration of returnees in the origin country by identifying the challenges they encounter in the economic and social-cultural life of the origin country.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-07-21T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1