rss_2.0Theology and Religion FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Theology and Religion and Religion Feed Ecological Insight of the Rice Farming Tradition in Luwu Society, South Sulawesi, Indonesia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The ecological insights of local farming traditions have the potential to be adapted to modern agricultural practices. The article presents an exploration of the ecological insights of the <italic>bunga’ lalang</italic> rice farming tradition in the Luwu society, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Four rituals of the tradition were observed directly during their performance, followed by interviews with eleven figures including the ritual masters. Each ritual of the <italic>bunga’ lalang</italic> tradition was treated as a discourse and the meanings of the biological elements are extracted to generate ecological knowledge that is biologically logical and compatible with modern scientific knowledge in rice farming.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00The Sealed Grave and Burial Rituals in the Context of Revenants in Ukrainian Belief<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article* sets the goal of describing the Ukrainian ritual of the sealed grave and its relation to revenants, or the unquiet dead, based both on the author’s fieldwork and ethnographic collections of the turn of the 20th century. The meaning of the ritual and its variants are delineated through folk beliefs and institutionalised Orthodoxy and are defined as one of the main reasons for becoming revenants. Depending on a proper or failed funeral, the dead have different possibilities and time boundaries to visit the living. Together with biological reasons, the ritual of sealing a grave allows a seven-year period of return prior to the grave being finally sealed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Dajko, Nathalie and Shana Walton, eds. 2019. . Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi. Review. Till Death do us Part: American Ethnic Cemeteries as Borders Uncrossed by Poisoning: Cautionary Narratives and Inter-Ethnic Accusations in Contemporary Sikkim<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The Sikkimese are a multi-ethnic community in a Himalayan sub-region in India. Even though the majority of the population is Hindu and Nepalese, the minority Buddhist and Bhutia/Lepcha communities are very strong. Death by poisoning is a common occurrence among the Sikkimese, and it is often ambiguous and subject to suspicion. Narrated initially as traditional cautionary tales, these belief narratives have been used against the multi-ethnic communities that reside in Sikkim, leading to real-world accusations. The article explores how belief in, and narratives related to, poison, poisoning, poison keepers and the poison deity are used to justify the demonisation and othering of a community.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00The Prince’s Wings: Possible Origin of the Tale Type and its Early Chinese Variants<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article* aims to clarify the relations between the early versions of tale type ATU 575. Examining the range of Chinese accounts concerning various wooden birds, the author concludes that two groups can be distinguished. The first consists of stories about flying wooden kite-like birds that are not used as vehicles, while in the second, we deal with wooden birds that can carry people. Records belonging to the second group and evidently having their origin in Indian and Central Asian folk tradition appear later in China. An attempt is made to restore possible outlines of the tale type’s ancestral stories. The article states that the tale of an enamoured weaver in the <italic>Panchatantra</italic> evolves from the structure of such an ancestral story.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00“ “: Ecopoetic Symbolisation in Pgaz K’nyau Oral Poetry<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article* presents the transcription, translation, and annotation of an original performance of <italic>hta</italic>, a traditional form of oral poetry in Sgaw, the language of the Pgaz K’Nyau (Karen) people of northern Thailand. This performance was recorded during ethnopoetic fieldwork carried out in two villages in the province of Chiang Rai.<sup>2</sup> The <italic>hta</italic> is then analysed to understand the operations of ecopoetic symbolisation that bring particular nonhumans into the domain of human language. This analysis reveals that a metaphorical mode of symbolisation is extensively used throughout the <italic>hta</italic> to overcome human/nonhuman allotopies by means of implicit or explicit semic transformations. This seems to indicate that a naturalistic mode of identification underlies the whole poem, a conclusion that calls into question the essentialising and mythifying portrayal of the Pgaz K’Nyau as pre-modern and animistic indigenous stewards.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Of Barrenness and Witchcraft: The Songs of the Legi Women’s Association<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Witchcraft and barrenness are two critical issues that African women have had to grapple with since precolonial times. Therefore, the focus of attention in this paper is the songs of the Legi voluntary association among the Ịjọ of Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta region. The Legi women’s group is made up of adult women who are barren and/or have been tagged witches by their community. The women of the association compose songs about their experiences in society and sing them at burials. For the women of the Legi Association, art is a means of showing support for or solidarity with a member of the group whose father or mother has died. Moreover, the members of the association perform their songs at burials that are unconnected with them to celebrate with those who invite them.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00The Deaf Heritage Collective: Collaboration with Critical Intent<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper reflects upon the Deaf Heritage Collective, a collaborative project led by Edinburgh Napier University’s Design for Heritage team and Heriot Watt’s Centre for Translation And Interpreting Studies. The project aimed to advance discussion around the British Sign Language Act (Scottish Government 2015) and bring into being a network of Deaf communities and cultural heritage organisations committed to promoting BSL in public life. The aim of this paper is to contextualise the project and its creative approach within the distinctly Scottish context, and the ideals of critical heritage, critical design and the museum activist movement. This paper presents the context and creative processes by which we engaged participants in debate and the struggles we encountered. We describe these processes and the primacy of collaborative <italic>making</italic> as a mode of inquiry. We argue that by curating a workshop space where different types of knowledge were valorised and where participants were encouraged to “think with” materials (Rockwell and Mactavish 2004) we were able to challenge the balance of power between heritage professionals and members of the Deaf community. By harnessing the explanatory power of collaborative <italic>making</italic> we debated the assemblages of epistemic inequality, and the imagined futures of Deaf heritage in Scotland.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Editorial Impressions: Ethnography and Metaphors, Revolt and Adaptation: on Changing the Mayamara Tradition<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Assam is a land of complex history and folklore situated in North East India where religious beliefs, both institutional and vernacular, are part and parcel of lived folk cultures. Amid the domination and growth of Goddess worshiping cults (<italic>sakta</italic>) in Assam, the <italic>sattra</italic> unit of religious and socio-cultural institutions came into being as a result of the neo-Vaishnava movement led by Sankaradeva (1449–1568) and his chief disciple Madhavadeva (1489–1596). Kalasamhati is one among the four basic religious sects of the <italic>sattra</italic>s, spread mainly among the subdued communities in Assam. Mayamara could be considered a subsect under Kalasamhati. Aniruddhadeva (1553–1626) preached the Mayamara doctrine among his devotees on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river. Later his inclusive religious behaviour and magical skill influenced many locals to convert to the Mayamara faith. Ritualistic features are a very significant part of Mayamara devotee’s lives. Among the locals there are some narrative variations and disputes about stories and terminologies of the tradition. Adaptations of religious elements in their faith from Indigenous sources have led to the question of their recognition in the mainstream neo-Vaishnava order. In the context of Mayamara tradition, the connection between folklore and history is very much intertwined. Therefore, this paper focuses on marginalisation, revolt in the community and narrative interpretation on the basis of folkloristic and historical groundings. The discussion will reflect upon the beliefs, ritualistic aspects, and myths of the tradition. Fieldwork materials will be employed to discuss the tension between local practices and mainstream neo-Vaishnava influence.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Notes and Reviews: Disarmed by Drama Methodology as Transformation of the Heart: Guardini’s Existential Interpretation of Augustine’s<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper studies Guardini’s perception of Augustine, especially in his two widely unknown books on Confessions: Die Bekehrung des heiligen Aurelius Augustinus (1935), and Anfang (1944), which are contrasted by the recently published Guardini lectures: Ewigkeit und Geschichte (1955/56 and 1961/62). The author discusses Guardini’s emphasis and fascination with Augustine’s conversion (cf. Conf. VIII), as it was relevant for his existential theology. Additionally, the text explores the Augustinian perception of the phenomenon of conversion by studying the passage from In evangelium Ioannis tractatus 53 (John 12:40), where Augustine delivers a beautiful synthesis about the conversion of the heart through grace: “Conversio gratia est” (Aug., In Io. tr. 53.11). It is hoped this study will evaluate Guardini’s doctrine about the conversion of the heart using the concrete example of Augustine and also replenish and enrich his interpretation by contrasting it to the broader Augustinian corpus.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-29T00:00:00.000+00:00Doing Orthodox Political Theology Today Insights from the Document (2020)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The document titled For the Life of the World: Toward a Social Ethos of the Ortho dox Church, authored by a special commission of Orthodox scholars appointed by the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew is a document that can be definitely understood as a political manifesto of Eastern Orthodoxy for the 21<sup>st</sup> century, namely for this period of history and not for a by-gone historical setting or a Christian utopia (either the Byzantine Empire or Holy Russia), a period of time with urgent problems and challenges that call for our attention. Therefore, bringing to the fore the personalist anthropological view inherent in the document itself, an attempt has been made in the text to critically reflect and highlight certain relevant aspects of the document (a positive reception of liberal democracy, human rights language, solidarity to the poor, etc.). The goal is to show how theologically important this document is for the Church witness to our pluralistic world.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-29T00:00:00.000+00:00Laura Ganea (ed.), [], Bucureşti, Editura Universităţii din Bucureşti 2019, 326 p., ISBN: 978-606-16-1070-9 Dialogue and Today’s Orthodoxy, from Confrontation to Dialogue<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Orthodoxy has a long experience of cohabitation with other religions and Christian denominations. However, this experience has not always been a peaceful and easy one, especially when molded by the rise of nationalism during the second half of the 19<sup>th</sup> century and global geopolitical forces throughout the 20<sup>th</sup> century. A series of historical events, from Russia to the Middle East, from the Balkans to Central Europe, have shaped the Orthodox relationship to religious pluralism, redefining the religious landscape through movement of populations and migrations. These many conflicts and historical events have proved the multifaceted reality of Orthodoxy, from its role as a state religion, such as in Greece, and a majority religion, such as in Russia, to a minority religion with limited rights, such as in Turkey, or, more generally speaking, in the Middle East. It is in this very complex context that interfaith relations unfold, too often in a very violent and traumatic way.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-29T00:00:00.000+00:00Bincy Mathew, , WUNT 2/464, Verlag Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2018, 516 S., ISBN: 978-3-16-155145-1 Wünsch, Wachtendonk, Edition Hagia Sophia 2020, 394 S., ISBN: 978-3-96321-007-5 Bridges between Orthodox and Catholic Sides: Comparison between of Pope Francis and Signed by the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>A large part of Christians in the world have been involved in social topics by these two pastoral documents released by the Holy See and the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Both documents bear the mark of the two Church Primates, Pope Francis and the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew who inspired them and who had already shown interest in themes such as human life, social theology, climate and ecumenism. This essay aims to offer an ecumenical common reading of the two recent documents, Fratelli Tutti and For the Life of the World. Toward a Social Ethos of the Ortho dox Church, considering the pastoral work of the two signatory Primates as authentic ecumenical bridges within the Christian world.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-29T00:00:00.000+00:00Father Professor BORIS BOBRINSKOY (1925-2020): A Theologian of the Spiritual Experience