1. bookVolume 37 (2017): Issue 37 (September 2017)
22 Dec 2008
4 Hefte pro Jahr
access type Open Access

Multi-scalar geographies of polarisation and peripheralisation: A case study of Czechia

Online veröffentlicht: 01 Aug 2017
Seitenbereich: 125 - 137
Eingereicht: 15 Aug 2016
Akzeptiert: 22 Jun 2017
22 Dec 2008
4 Hefte pro Jahr

A key issue in socio-economic geography is to understand how regional and social polarisation shapes the territorial organisation of society. We argue that effects of polarisation are not translated simply and straightforwardly in a whole region, but vary to a large extent with respect to different types of accessibility areas. We applied the time-accessibility framework to classify a territory into urban, peri-urban, rural, and remote rural areas at a national and regional scale. Subsequently, we computed comparative indicators for this territorial classification, measuring three dimensions of peripherality for a period of thirty years. The analysis illustrates how polarisation and peripheralisation works at a detailed spatial level. A case study of the Ústí region shows re-polarisation and bi-polarisation of the region in its path from socialist urbanisation in the 1980s to regional peripheralisation in 2011. The use of the time-accessibility framework allows to assess regional changes within long-term and broader changes of core-periphery relations at national level and thus allows for a better understanding of the different nature of socialist and post-socialist peripheries. Finally, the article offers methodical procedures and tools allowing for a comparable research of polarisation and peripheralisation. Thus, it is responding to the call for more comparative research of peripheral areas in Europe.

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