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Bio-active components in medicinal plants: A mechanistic review of their effects on fish growth and physiological parameters

Online veröffentlicht: 16 May 2022
Volumen & Heft: AHEAD OF PRINT
Seitenbereich: -
Eingereicht: 30 Dec 2021
Akzeptiert: 21 Mar 2022
Zeitschriftendaten
License
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2300-8733
Erstveröffentlichung
25 Nov 2011
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch
Abstract

World population is increasing at a tremendous rate so is the demand for animal-based protein. Aquaculture is a promising industry that has the potential to supply high quality protein for mankind with minimum environmental impact. In the past decade, aquaculture practices have been shifting from extensive to intensive culture. To achieve maximum production per unit area, high stocking densities are maintained in intensive aquaculture. If not managed properly, this may lead to stress in fish. Fish under stress condition show decreased growth, suppressed appetite, weakened immunity and increased susceptibility to infections. Chemicals, vaccines and antibiotics are used for the treatment of diseased fish. Use of synthetic chemicals, vaccines and antibiotics is not sustainable because pathogens develop resistance against them and they have high residues. Moreover, certain chemicals used for the treatment of fish diseases are not safe for humans therefore, are banned in some countries. Plant parts and their extracts are used in traditional medicines to cure many diseases and to improve health of mankind. In aquaculture industry, use of plants and their derivatives in fish feed to improve health status of fish is increasing. Several plants improve growth and overall health status of fish, some provide protection against pathogens by improving the immune system while others increase appetite by direct action on neuro-endocrine axis of fish. This review provides an in depth and up to date information about use of medicinal plants and their derivatives to improve growth and physiological status of fish and their possible mechanism of action.

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