1. bookVolumen 22 (2022): Edición 2 (April 2022)
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eISSN
2300-8733
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25 Nov 2011
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4 veces al año
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access type Acceso abierto

The protective role of vitamins (E + C) on Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) exposed to ZnO NPs and Zn ions: Bioaccumulation and proximate chemical composition

Publicado en línea: 12 May 2022
Volumen & Edición: Volumen 22 (2022) - Edición 2 (April 2022)
Páginas: 633 - 642
Recibido: 27 Apr 2021
Aceptado: 15 Jun 2021
Detalles de la revista
License
Formato
Revista
eISSN
2300-8733
Primera edición
25 Nov 2011
Calendario de la edición
4 veces al año
Idiomas
Inglés
Abstract

The accumulation potency of zinc nanoparticles in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) was previously studied but their impacts on proximate chemical composition in muscle tissue by describing the dose-dependent accumulation and the protective role of vitamins (E + C), have not been investigated. Therefore, this study was carried out to assess the protective role of vitamins (E + C) on Zn accumulation in muscle and gill tissues of O. niloticus exposed to three sub-lethal concentrations (1/8 LC50, 1/4 LC50, and 1/2 LC50) of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) compared to zinc oxide bulk particles (ZnO BPs) as well as their effects on the induced chemical composition alterations for different experimental periods (7, 14, 21, and 28 days). The data displayed that fish exposed to the different sub-lethal concentrations of ZnO NPs or ZnO BPs have a significant increase (P<0.05) in Zn ions accumulation in muscle and gill tissues compared to control group but Zn was accumulated in gill tissue higher than muscle tissue at all exposure periods. Also, Zn accumulation was higher in fish tissues exposed to ZnO NPs than ZnO BPs. On the other hand, groups supplemented with vitamins (E + C) showed a significant decreasing (P<0.05) in accumulated Zn levels compared to groups without supplementation. The values of these supplemented groups returned to similar levels established in the control at low concentrations but still higher than control at the high concentrations. Furthermore, the results showed that moisture and ash content slightly increased while protein and fat decreased in fish exposed to ZnO NPs or ZnO BPs compared to control group. In conclusion, the findings supported that a combination of vitamins (E + C) reduced Zn accumulation and ameliorated chemical composition alterations in O. niloticus fish.

Keywords

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