1. bookVolume 40 (2021): Edition 4 (December 2021)
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The Ecological Interpretation of Unbiased Estimator for the Taxonomic Ratio: Different Approaches for Local and Regional Flora

Publié en ligne: 23 Dec 2021
Volume & Edition: Volume 40 (2021) - Edition 4 (December 2021)
Pages: 348 - 356
Reçu: 15 Sep 2020
Accepté: 17 Jan 2021
Détails du magazine
License
Format
Magazine
eISSN
1337-947X
Première parution
24 Aug 2013
Périodicité
4 fois par an
Langues
Anglais
Abstract

Taxonomic ratio in an ecological context is considered as an indicator of the level of competitive exclusion. In spite of more than a century of discussions on taxonomic ratio, the problem of finding an unbiased estimator for flora characterisation remains unsolved. The traditional form of taxonomic ratio (species/genus or species/families ratio) is biased, which depends on the area of territory for which the floral composition was established. This circumstance makes the taxonomic ratio an inadequate characteristic of the flora. To solve the problem of finding an unbiased estimator for the taxonomic ratio, we have combined two fundamental ecological generalisations. The first is that species that belong to the same genus usually live in similar habitats and have similar morphological features. The struggle for life between species from the same genus is, therefore, more intense than between species from different genera. The second is species–area relationship. We have considered the problem of finding an unbiased taxonomic relationship using the Arrhenius curves to fit species–area relationships. This combination allowed us to find a form of unbiased taxonomic relationship. The example of Cyanophyceae flora shows that this indicator is closely related to a wide range of ecological and biogeographical characteristics of vegetation. The residual of the linear equation of dependence of the logarithm of the number of species on the logarithm of the number of genera is an unbiased indicator of the taxonomic relation, which is independent of the number of genera (or number of families) and the sampling size (or area). An unbiased taxonomic relationship is a characteristic of regional flora, which depends on a wide range of its ecological and biogeographical features.

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