1. bookVolume 19 (2017): Edizione 3 (July 2017)
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Rivista
eISSN
2344-3219
Prima pubblicazione
30 Oct 2013
Frequenza di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
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Inglese
access type Accesso libero

Acute Toxicity of Butachlor to Rutilus rutilus caspicus and Sander lucioperca in Vivo Condition

Pubblicato online: 22 Aug 2017
Volume & Edizione: Volume 19 (2017) - Edizione 3 (July 2017)
Pagine: 85 - 92
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2344-3219
Prima pubblicazione
30 Oct 2013
Frequenza di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
Abstract

Herbicides are used to control weeds and are usually targeted to sites that are specific to plants. Butachlor is an herbicide of the acetanilide class, which is widely used in agricultural fields. At the present study, lethal concentration (LC50) of butachlor was calculated for Rutilus rutilus caspicus and Sander lucioperca with a mean weight of 4 ± 1 g (mean ± SD). Our results indicated that LC50 96 h butachlor for R. rutilus caspicus and S. lucioperca were 0.342 and 0.760 ppm respectively. These findings suggest that butachlor is moderately toxic and moderately irritating for these two species. Clinical symptoms included irregular protrusion of the eyes and irregular swimming.

Keywords

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