1. bookAHEAD OF PRINT
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2300-8733
Prima pubblicazione
25 Nov 2011
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
access type Accesso libero

Effects of different carbon sources on water quality, biofloc quality, and the productivity of Nile tilapia reared in biofloc-based ponds

Pubblicato online: 02 May 2022
Volume & Edizione: AHEAD OF PRINT
Pagine: -
Ricevuto: 07 Dec 2021
Accettato: 25 Feb 2022
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2300-8733
Prima pubblicazione
25 Nov 2011
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
Abstract

The present study evaluated the effects of different carbohydrates materials used as carbon sources on water quality, biofloc quality, and growth and productive performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) reared in biofloc (BFT)-based cement ponds (25 m x 10 m x 1.2 m; with 250 m3 volume). Nile tilapia fingerlings (44.9±1.9 g) were distributed into nine ponds at a density of 40 fish per 1 m3 (10000 fish/pond) to represent three treatments in triplicates. The control ponds received no carbon source addition; meanwhile sugarcane molasses (MO) and wheat flour (WF) were added to ponds. A commercial diet (30% crude protein) was offered to fish in each pond at levels of 3% and 2% of live body weight of fish in the control and BFT-based ponds, respectively, for 12 weeks. The amounts of feed were divided equally to three equal portions and offered to fish at 9:00, 13:00, and 17:00 h. The control ponds’ water was replaced by 50% every day with new water; meanwhile in MO and WF ponds, water loss via evaporation or leakage was compensated to reach the 1.0 m depth only. The pH value as well as unionized ammonia and nitrite levels, in the present study, were significantly lower, meanwhile nitrate and total suspended solids levels were significantly higher in MO and WF-treated ponds than the control one. The WF treatment resulted in significantly larger biofloc volume and higher total bacterial count compared to the MO treatment. The highest growth and production indices of Nile tilapia were observed in the BFT-based treatments as compared with the control group; particularly at the WF treatment followed by the MO treatment. In conclusion, the WF addition to cement fishponds is a more beneficial carbonaceous source for the efficient water quality, biofloc biomass, and growth and productivity of Nile tilapia reared in BFT-based system.

Keywords

Abdel-Tawwab M. (2011). Natural food selectivity changes with weights of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus), reared in fertilized earthen ponds. J. Appl. Aquacult., 23: 58–66. Search in Google Scholar

Adineh H., Naderi M., Khademi Hamidia M., Harsij M. (2019). Biofloc technology improves growth, innate immune responses, oxidative status, and resistance to acute stress in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) under high stocking density. Fish Shellfish Immunol., 95: 440–448. Search in Google Scholar

Ahmad I., Leya T., Saharan N., Asanaru Majeedkutty B.R., Rathore G., Gora A.H., Bhat I.A., Verma A.K. (2019). Carbon sources affect water quality and haemato-biochemical responses of Labeo rohita in zero-water exchange biofloc system. Aquacult. Res., 50: 2879–2887. Search in Google Scholar

AOAC (2005). Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Offial Analytical Chemists, Arlington,VA, USA. Search in Google Scholar

Avnimelech Y. (2009). Biofloc technology: A practical guide book. World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA, pp. 182. Search in Google Scholar

Bakhshi F.H., Najdegerami E., Manaffr R., Tokmechi A., Rahmani Farah K., Shalizar Jalali A. (2018). Growth performance, haematology, antioxidant status, immune response and histology of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) fed bioflc grown on different carbon sources. Aquacult. Res., 49: 393–403. Search in Google Scholar

Becerril-Cortes D., Monroy-Dosta M., Emerenciano M., CastroMejia G., Sofia B., Bermudez S., Correa G.V. (2018). Effect on nutritional composition of produced bioflocs with different carbon sources (Molasses, coffee waste and rice bran) in Biofloc System. Intern. J. Fish. Aquat. St., 6: 541–547. Search in Google Scholar

Boyd C.E. (1984). Water quality in warm water fishponds. Auburn University Agriculture Experimental Station, Auburn, AL, USA. Search in Google Scholar

Boyd C.E., Tucker C.S. (2012). Pond aquaculture water quality management. Springer Science & Business Media, Berlin, Germany. Search in Google Scholar

Correia E., Wilkenfeld J., Morris T., Weic L., Prangnell D., Samocha T. (2014). Intensive nursery production of the Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei using two commercial feeds with high and low protein content in a biofloc-dominated system. Aquacult. Eng., 59: 48–54. Search in Google Scholar

Crab R., Chielens B., Wille M., Bossier P., Verstraete W. (2010). The effect of different carbon sources on the nutritional value of bioflocs, a feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii postlarvae. Aquacult. Res., 41: 559–567. Search in Google Scholar

Deng M., Chen J., Gou J., Hou J., Li D., He X. (2018). The effect of different carbon sources on water quality, microbial community and structure of biofloc systems. Aquaculture, 482: 103–110. Search in Google Scholar

Durigon E.G., Lazzari R., Uczay J., de Alcântara Lopes D.L., Jerônimo G.T., Sgnaulin T., Emerenciano M.G.C. (2020). Biofloc technology (BFT): adjusting the levels of digestible protein and digestible energy in diets of Nile tilapia juveniles raised in brackish water. Aquacult. Fish, 5: 42–51. Search in Google Scholar

Dytham C. (2011). Choosing and using statistics: A biologist’s guide. Blackwell Science Ltd., London, UK. Search in Google Scholar

Ekasari J., Rivandi D., Firdausi A., Surawidjaja E., Zairin M., Bossier P., De Schryver P. (2015). Biofloc technology positively affects Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) larvae performance. Aquaculture, 441: 72–77. Search in Google Scholar

El-Sayed A.-F.M. (2019). Tilapia culture. 2nd ed. Academic Press, Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc., San Diego, USA. Search in Google Scholar

Ferreira G.S., Bolívar N.C., Pereira S.A., Guertler C., Vieira F.V., Mourino J.L.P., Seiffert W.Q. (2015). Microbial biofloc as source of probiotic bacteria for the culture of Litopenaeus vannamei. Aquaculture, 448: 273–279. Search in Google Scholar

Fleckenstein L.J., Kring N.A., Tierney T.W., Fisk J.C., Lawson B.C., Ray A.J. (2020). The effects of artificial substrate and stocking density on Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) performance and water quality dynamics in high tunnel-based biofloc systems. Aquacult. Eng., 90: 102093. Search in Google Scholar

García-Ríos L., Miranda-Baeza A., Coelho-Emerenciano M.G., Huerta-Rábago J.A., Osuna-Amarillas P. (2019). Biofloc technology (BFT) applied to tilapia fingerlings production using different carbon sources: emphasis on commercial applications. Aquaculture, 502: 26–31. Search in Google Scholar

Hoang M.N., Nguyen P.N., Bossier P. (2020). Water quality, animal performance, nutrient budgets and microbial community in the biofloc-based polyculture system of white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei and gray mullet, Mugil cephalus. Aquaculture, 515: 734610. Search in Google Scholar

Hostins B., Braga A., Lopes D., Wasielesky W., Poersch L. (2015). Effect of temperature on nursery and compensatory growth of pink shrimp Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis reared in a superintensive biofloc system. Aquacult. Eng., 66: 62–67. Search in Google Scholar

Ju Z.Y., Forster I., Conquest L., Dominy W., Kuo W.C., David Horgen F. (2008). Determination of microbial community structures of shrimp floc cultures by biomarkers and analysis of floc amino acid profiles. Aquacult. Res., 39: 118–133. Search in Google Scholar

Khanjani M.H., Sharifinia M. (2020). Biofloc technology as a promising tool to improve aquaculture production. Rev. Aquacult., 12: 1836–1850. Search in Google Scholar

Khanjani M.H., Sajjadi M.M., Alizadeh M., Sourinejad I. (2017). Nursery performance of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei Boone, 1931) cultivated in a biofloc system: the effect of adding different carbon sources. Aquacult. Res., 48: 1491–1501. Search in Google Scholar

Khanjani M.H., Alizadeh M., Mohammadi M., Sarsangi Aliabad H. (2021 a). Biofloc system applied to Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) farming using different carbon sources: Growth performance, carcass analysis, digestive and hepatic enzyme activity. Iran. J. Fish. Sci., 20: 490–513. Search in Google Scholar

Khanjani M.H, Alizadeh M., Sharifinia M. (2021 b). Effects of different carbon sources on water quality, biofloc quality, and growth performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings in a heterotrophic culture system. Aquacult. Int., 29: 307–321.10.1007/s10499-020-00627-9 Search in Google Scholar

Khanjani M.H., Sharifinia M., Hajirezaee S. (2022). Recent progress towards the application of bioflc technology for tilapia farming. Aquaculture, 552: 738021. Search in Google Scholar

Lopez-Elias J., Moreno-Arias A., Miranda-Baeza A., Martinez Cordova L., Rivas-Vega M., Marquez-Rios E. (2015). Proximate composition of bioflocs in culture systems containing hybrid red tilapia fed diets with varying levels of vegetable meal inclusion. North Amer. J. Aquacult., 77: 102–109. Search in Google Scholar

Mansour A.T., Estebanb M.A. (2017). Effects of carbon sources and plant protein levels in a biofloc system on growth performance, and the immune and antioxidant status of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Fish Shellfish Immunol., 64: 202–209. Search in Google Scholar

Martinez-Porchas M., Ezquerra-Brauer M., Mendoza-Cano F., Chan Higuera J.E., Vargas-Albores F., Martinez-Cordova L.R. (2020). Effect of supplementing heterotrophic and photoautotrophic biofloc, on the production response, physiological condition and post-harvest quality of the whiteleg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. Aquacult. Rep., 16: 100257. Search in Google Scholar

Miao S., Hu J., Wan W., Han B., Zhou Y., Xin Z., Sun L. (2020). Biofloc technology with addition of different carbon sources altered the antibacterial and antioxidant response in Macrobrachium rosenbergii to acute stress. Aquaculture, 525: 735280. Search in Google Scholar

Minabi K., Sourinejad I., Alizadeh M., Ghatrami R.E., Khanjani H.M. (2020). Effects of different carbon to nitrogen ratios in the biofloc system on water quality, growth, and body composition of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) fingerlings. Aquacult. Int., 28: 1883–1898. Search in Google Scholar

Mirzakhani N., Ebrahimi E., Jalali S.A.H., Ekasari J. (2019). Growth performance, intestinal morphology and nonspecific immunity response of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fry cultured in biofloc systems with different carbon sources and input C:N ratios. Aquaculture, 512: 734235. Search in Google Scholar

Najdegerami E.H., Bakhshi F., Lakani F.B. (2016). Effects of biofloc on growth performance, digestive enzyme activities and liver histology of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) fingerlings in zerowater exchange system. Fish Physiol. Biochem., 42: 457–465. Search in Google Scholar

Nunes Caldini N., De Holanda Cavalcante D., Rocha Filho P.R.N., Carmo e Sá M.V. (2015). Feeding Nile tilapia with artifiial diets and dried bioflcs biomass. Acta Scient., 37: 335–341. Search in Google Scholar

Panigrahi A., Saranya C., Sundaram M., Vinoth Kannan S.R., Das R.R., Kumar R.S., Rajesh P., Otta S.K. (2018). Carbon: nitrogen (C:N) ratio level variation influences microbial community of the system and growth as well as immunity of shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) in biofloc based culture system. Fish Shellfish Immunol., 81: 329–337. Search in Google Scholar

Rajkumar M., Pandey P.K., Aravind R., Vennila A., Bharti V., Purushothaman C.S. (2016). Effect of different biofloc system on water quality, biofloc composition and growth performance in Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931). Aquac. Res., 47: 3432–3444. Search in Google Scholar

Shewry P.R., Hey S.J. (2015). The contribution of wheat to human diet and health. Food Energy Secur., 4: 178–202. Search in Google Scholar

Suita S.M., Ballester E.L.C., Abreu P.C., Wasielesky W. Jr. (2015). Dextrose as carbon source in the culture of Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) in a zero exchange system. Lat. Amer. J. Aquat. Res., 43: 526–533. Search in Google Scholar

Venkat H.K., Sahu N.P., Jain K.K. (2004). Effct of feeding Lactobacillus-based probiotics on the gut microflra, growth and survival of postlarvae of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man). Aquacult. Res., 35: 501–507. Search in Google Scholar

Wang G., Yu E., Xie J., Yu D., Li Z., Luo W., Qiu L., Zheng Z. (2015). Effect of C:N ratio on water quality in zero-water exchange tanks and the biofloc supplementation in feed on the growth performance of crucian carp, Carassius auratus. Aquaculture, 443: 98– 104. Search in Google Scholar

Wei Y., Liao S., Wang A. (2016). The effect of different carbon sources on the nutritional composition, microbial community and structure of bioflocs. Aquaculture, 465: 88–93. Search in Google Scholar

Xu W.J., Morris T.C., Samocha T.M. (2016). Effects of C:N ratio on biofloc development, water quality, and performance of Litopenaeus vannamei juveniles in a biofloc-based, high-density, zero-exchange, outdoor tank system. Aquaculture, 453: 169–175. Search in Google Scholar

Articoli consigliati da Trend MD

Pianifica la tua conferenza remota con Sciendo