1. bookVolume 29 (2021): Edizione 4 (December 2021)
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2199-6202
Prima pubblicazione
30 Jul 2013
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
access type Accesso libero

Barriers Everyone: A New Method for Multiscale Analysis of Barriers Using the Barrier Index

Pubblicato online: 31 Dec 2021
Volume & Edizione: Volume 29 (2021) - Edizione 4 (December 2021)
Pagine: 292 - 305
Ricevuto: 05 Sep 2021
Accettato: 22 Dec 2021
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2199-6202
Prima pubblicazione
30 Jul 2013
Frequenza di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
Abstract

The Barrier Index is presented in this contribution. The index shows the extent to which spatial units of different sizes are closed off by barriers, influencing society by the different “thickness” and “thinness” of boundaries. The article defines the Index and compares land units with barriers in various details. The calculations were made for spatial units from the scale of parcels to one-hectare areas in selected types of regions, selected geographic regions, and border barriers in selected countries. The Index is useful for crossscale analysis and for identifying the underlying causes and relationships within different cultural, social, and geographical contexts. The example of spatially persistent family structures was used to highlight the underpinning influencing factors that connect the building of barriers at different scales.

Keywords

ADEY, P. (2004): Surveillance at the airport: surveilling mobility/mobilising surveillance. Environment and Planning A, 36: 1365–1380.10.1068/a36159Search in Google Scholar

AGNEW, J. A. (1994): The territorial trap: the geographical assumptions of international relations theory. Review of International Political Economy 1: 53–80.10.1080/09692299408434268Search in Google Scholar

ALM, L. R., BURKHART, R. E. (2013): Bridges and Barriers: The Lake Superior Borderlands. Journal of Borderlands Studies 28(1): 47–60.10.1080/08865655.2012.751728Search in Google Scholar

ALTMAN, I., WOHLWILL, J. F. (1977): Human behavior and environment. New York, Springer.10.1007/978-1-4684-0808-9Search in Google Scholar

AMOORE, L. (2006): Biometric borders: Governing mobilities in the war on terror. Political Geography 25: 336–351.10.1016/j.polgeo.2006.02.001Search in Google Scholar

BALLIF, F., ROSI#x00C8;RE, S. (2009): Le defi des «teichopolitiques». Analyser la fermeture contemporaine des territoires. LEspace geographique, 38(3): 193–206.Search in Google Scholar

BIGO, D. (2011): Freedom and speed in enlarged borderzones. In: Squire, V. [ed.]: The Contested Politics of Mobility: Borderzones and Irregularity (pp. 31–50). Abingdon, Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

BÖHM, H. (2021): The influence of the Covid-19 pandemic on Czech-Polish cross-border cooperation: From debordering to re-bordering? Moravian Geographical Reports, 29(2): 137–148.10.2478/mgr-2021-0007Search in Google Scholar

BROWN, W. (2010): Walled States: Waning sovereignty. New York, MIT Press.10.2307/j.ctv14gpj55Search in Google Scholar

Cabinet says Ticino border fence not needed [online]. [cit. 11.05.2021]. Available at: https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/immigration_cabinet-says-ticino-border-fence-not-needed/42600970Search in Google Scholar

CASEY, E. S., WATKINIS, M. M. (2014): Up against the wall: Re-imagining the U.S.–Mexico border. Austin, University of Texas Press.10.7560/758414Search in Google Scholar

CLARK, A. N. (1998): Dictionary of geography. New York, Penguin.Search in Google Scholar

DEAR, M. (2013): Why walls won't work. Oxford, Oxford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

DOŁZBŁASZ, S. (2015): Symmetry or asymmetry? Cross-border openness of service providers in Polish-Czech and Polish-German border towns. Moravian Geographical Reports, 23(1): 2–12.10.1515/mgr-2015-0001Search in Google Scholar

DOMÍNGUEZ-MUJICA, J., DÍAZ-HERNANDEZ, R., PARRENO-CASTELLANO, J. (2016): The Canary Islands’ “Maritime Wall”: Migration pressure, security measures and economic crisis in the Mid-Atlantic. In: Vallet, E. [ed.]: Borders, fences and walls: State of insecurity? (pp. 27–50). London. / New York, Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

DONNAN, H., WILSON, T. W. (1999): Borders: Frontiers of identity, nation and state. Oxford/New York, Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

DURANTON, G., RODRÍGUEZ-POSE, A., SANDALL, R. (2007): Family types and the persistence of regional disparities in Europe. Bruges European Economic Research Papers 10.Search in Google Scholar

ELDEN, S. (2013): The birth of territory. Chicago, Chicago University Press.10.7208/chicago/9780226041285.001.0001Search in Google Scholar

FOŠKI, M. (2019): Using the parcel shape index to determine arable land division types. Acta geographica Slovenica 59(1): 83–101.10.3986/AGS.4574Search in Google Scholar

FOUCAULT, M. (2009): Security, territory, population: Lectures at the Collège de France 1977–1978. New York, Macmillan.Search in Google Scholar

FOUCHER, M. (2007): L’Obsession des frontiers. Paris, Perrin.Search in Google Scholar

FOUCHER, M. (2011): La Bataille des cartes. Analyse critique des visions du monde. Paris, François Bourin.Search in Google Scholar

GAMS, I. (2001): O Afganistancih in drugih gorjancih. Geografski vestnik 73(2): 33–41.Search in Google Scholar

Geodetska uprava Republike Slovenije. Portal Prostor [online]. [cit. 26.01.2020]. Accessible at: http://prostor3.gov.si/javni/login.jsp?jezik=slSearch in Google Scholar

GOLUNOV, S. (2014): Border fences in the globalizing World: Beyond traditional geopolitics and post-positivist approaches. In: Vallet, E. [ed.]: Borders, fences and walls: State of insecurity? (pp. 117–129). London / New York, Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

Google Earth Street View. US Department of State Geographer, 2009.Search in Google Scholar

GUO, X., YANG, Y., CHENG, Z., WU, Q., CHENJING, L., LO, T., CHEN, F. (2021): Spatial social interaction: An explanatory framework of urban space vitality and its preliminary verification. Cities, 103487; in press.10.1016/j.cities.2021.103487Search in Google Scholar

HASELBERGER, B. (2014): Decoding borders. Appreciating border impacts on space and people. Planning Theory and Practice 15(4): 505–526.Search in Google Scholar

HEISKANEN, M. (2016): Border games: From duel to Russian roulette at the border. In: Vallet, E. [ed.]: Borders, fences and walls: State of insecurity? (pp. 67–83). London/New York, Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

HEYMAN, J. McC. (2008): Constructing a virtual wall: Race and citizenship in U.S.–Mexico border policing. Journal of the Southwest 50(3): 305–333.Search in Google Scholar

IRWIN, E. G., BOCKSTAEL, N. E. (2004): Land use externalities, open space preservation, and urban sprawl. Regional Science and Urban Economics 34(6): 705–725.10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2004.03.002Search in Google Scholar

JIRÓN, P. (2010): Mobile borders in urban daily mobility practices in Santiago de Chile. International Political Sociology 4(1): 66–79.10.1111/j.1749-5687.2009.00092.xSearch in Google Scholar

JOHNSON, C., JONES, R., PAASI, A., AMOORE, L., MOUNTZ, A., SALTER, M., RUMFORD, C. (2011): Interventions on rethinking ‘the border’ in border studies. Political Geography 30(2): 61–69.10.1016/j.polgeo.2011.01.002Search in Google Scholar

JONES, R. (2012): Border walls: Security and the War on Terror in the United States, India, and Israel. London / New York, Barnes and Noble.10.5040/9781350218734Search in Google Scholar

KLADNIK, D., LOVRENČAK, F., OROŽEN ADAMIČ, M. [eds.] (2005): Geografski terminološki slovar. Ljubljana, Založba ZRC.10.3986/9616500929Search in Google Scholar

KOLOSSOV, V. (2005): Border studies: Changing perspectives and theoretical approaches. Geopolitics 10(4): 606–632.10.1080/14650040500318415Search in Google Scholar

KOLOSSOV, V., SCOTT, J. (2013): Modelling and benchmarking of borders. Selected conceptual issues in border studies. Questions conceptuelles dans les recherches sur les frontiers. Belgeo 1/2013.Search in Google Scholar

KOMAC, B., KUŠAR, D. (2017): Sledi ruralne dediščine v urbani pokrajini. Geografski vestnik 89(1): 79–97.Search in Google Scholar

KONRAD, V. (2016): Borders, bordered lands and borderlands: Geographical states of insecurity between Canada and the United States and the impacts of security primacy. In: Vallet, E. [ed.]: Borders, fences and walls: State of insecurity? (pp. 85–102). London / New York, Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

KUŠAR, D., KOMAC, B. (2019): Ograje v urbani podobi Slovenije. Geografski vestnik 91(1).10.3986/GV91102Search in Google Scholar

LOCCHI, M. C. (2016): The Mediterranean Sea as a European border: Trans-Mediterranean migration, forced return and violation of fundamental rights. In: Vallet, E. [ed.]: Borders, fences and walls: State of insecurity? (pp. 11–26). London/New York, Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

MASSO, A., SILM, S., PUURA, A. (2021): Identifying relationships between personal social networks and spatial mobility: A study using smartphone tracing and related surveys. Social Networks 68: 306–317.Search in Google Scholar

MEDZINI, A. (2016): Life on the border: The impact of the separation barrier on the residents of the Barta’a enclave demilitarized zone. Journal of Borderlands Studies 31(4): 401–425.10.1080/08865655.2016.1188667Search in Google Scholar

MINONDO, A. (2007): The disappearance of the border barrier in some European Union countries’ bilateral trade. Applied Economics 39(1): 119–124.10.1080/00036840500427601Search in Google Scholar

MULTIPLICITY (2005): Borders: the other side of globalisation. In: McQuire, S., Papastergiadis, N. [eds.]: Empires, ruins + networks: The transcultural agenda in art. Melbourne, Melbourne University Press.Search in Google Scholar

NEWMAN, D. (2003): On borders and power: A theoretical framework. Journal of Borderlands Studies 18: 13–25.10.1080/08865655.2003.9695598Search in Google Scholar

NEWMAN, D. (2006): Borders and bordering. European Journal of Social Theory 9(2): 171–186.10.1177/1368431006063331Search in Google Scholar

NIJKAMP P., RIETVELD, P. (1989): Barriers to communication: Conceptual issues. Paper presented at the NECTAR meeting on Barriers to communication. Zurich.Search in Google Scholar

PALLISTER-WILKINS, P. (2016): How walls do work: Security barriers as devices of interruption and data capture. Security Dialogue 47(2): 151–164.10.1177/0967010615615729Search in Google Scholar

PARKER, N., VAUGHAN-WILLIAMS, N. (2009): Lines in the sand? Towards an agenda for critical border studies. Geopolitics 14(3): 582–587.10.1080/14650040903081297Search in Google Scholar

PEŃA, S. (2021): From Territoriality to Borderscapes: The Conceptualisation of Space in Border Studies. Geopolitics, 1–29.10.1080/14650045.2021.1973437Search in Google Scholar

PERKO, D., CIGLIČ, R., ZORN, M. (2019): The Geography of Slovenia: Small but diverse. Dordrecht, Springer.10.1007/978-3-030-14066-3Search in Google Scholar

PETEK, F., URBANC, M. (2007): Skupna zemljišča v Sloveniji. Geografski vestnik 79(2): 41–62.Search in Google Scholar

POUNDS, N. J. G. (1972): Political geography. New York, McGraw Hill.Search in Google Scholar

PULLAN, W. (2013): Conflict’s tools. Borders, boundaries, and mobility in Jerusalem’s spatial structures. Mobilities 8(1): 125–147.Search in Google Scholar

REPE, B. (2018): Italijansko-jugoslovanska meja po drugi svetovni vojni: prehodi meje, turizem, nakupovanje, tihotapljenje. Nečakov zbornik: procesi, teme in dogodki iz 19. in 20. stoletja, (pp. 679–688). Historia 25. Ljubljana, Univerza v Ljubljani.Search in Google Scholar

REVZINA, Y. (2018): Architect as geographer. The renaissance architectural theory on fortification and territory. 5th SGEM International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conferences on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2018.Search in Google Scholar

RIBEIRO, D., BURNET, J. E., TORKAR, G. (2013): Four windows on Borderlands: Dimensions of place defined by land cover change data from historical maps. Acta geographica Slovenica 53(2): 317–342.10.3986/AGS53204Search in Google Scholar

RIJPMA, A., CARMICHAEL, S. G. (2016): Testing Todd and Matching Murdock: Global Data on Historical Family Characteristics. Economic History of Developing Regions 31(1): 10–46.10.1080/20780389.2015.1114415Search in Google Scholar

ROCHE, J. J. (2016): Walls and borders in a globalized World: The paradoxical revenge of territorialization. In: Vallet, E. [ed.]: Borders, fences and walls: State of insecurity? (pp. 105–115). London / New York, Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

ROSIÈRE, S., JONES, R. (2012): Teichopolitics: Re-considering globalisation through the role of walls and fences. Geopolitics 17(1): 217–234.10.1080/14650045.2011.574653Search in Google Scholar

SASSEN, S. (2008): Territory, authority, rights: From Medieval to Global assemblages. New York, Princeton University Press.10.1515/9781400828593Search in Google Scholar

SILVEY, R., OLSON, E. A., TRUELOVE, Y. (2007): The politics of border crossing. In: Cox, K. R., Low, M., Robinson, J. [eds.]: The SAGE Handbook of Political Geography. Thousand Oaks, Sage Publishing.Search in Google Scholar

The World Factbook. Washington: Central Intelligence Agency, 2019 [online]. [cit. 28.02.2020]. Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbookSearch in Google Scholar

TODD, E. (1985): The Explanation of Ideology: Family structures and social systems. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing.Search in Google Scholar

TODD, E. (1987): The causes of progress. Culture, authority and change. In: Laslett, P., Anderson, M., Wrightson, K. [eds.]: Family sexuality and social relations in past times. London, Blackwell Publishing.Search in Google Scholar

VALLET, E. (2018): Borders, fences and walls: State of insecurity? (pp. 1–7). London/New York, Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

VALLET, E., DAVID, C. P. (2012): Introduction: The (re) building of the wall in international relations. Journal of Borderland Studies 27(2): 111–119.10.1080/08865655.2012.687211Search in Google Scholar

VAN GEENHUIZEN, M., RIETVELD, P. (2002): Land-borders and sea-borders: An exploration of differences in border region development. Journal of Borderlands Studies 17(2): 63–77.10.1080/08865655.2002.9695591Search in Google Scholar

VILA P. [ed.] (2003): Ethnography at the border. Cultural studies of the Americas 13. Minneapolis, University of Minessota Press.Search in Google Scholar

VITRUVIUS, P. (2009): O arhitekturi. Ljubljana.Search in Google Scholar

WARF, B. (2010): Encyclopedia of Geography 1. Thousand Oaks, Sage Publications.10.4135/9781412939591Search in Google Scholar

WENTZ, E. (2000): A shape definition for geographic applications based on edge, elongation, and perforation. Geographical Analysis 32(2): 95–112.10.1111/j.1538-4632.2000.tb00419.xSearch in Google Scholar

WILLS, E. R. (2016): Constructing a “Wall”: Discursive fields, social movements, and the politics of the (Wall/Barrier/ Fence). Journal of Borderlands Studies 31(3): 305–318.10.1080/08865655.2016.1174596Search in Google Scholar

Articoli consigliati da Trend MD

Pianifica la tua conferenza remota con Sciendo