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License
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1857-7415
Pierwsze wydanie
08 Sep 2014
Częstotliwość wydawania
2 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski
access type Otwarty dostęp

Using Species-Specific Protocols for the Welfare Assessment of Elephants in the Skopje Zoo

Data publikacji: 12 May 2022
Tom & Zeszyt: AHEAD OF PRINT
Zakres stron: -
Otrzymano: 04 Feb 2022
Przyjęty: 06 Apr 2022
Informacje o czasopiśmie
License
Format
Czasopismo
eISSN
1857-7415
Pierwsze wydanie
08 Sep 2014
Częstotliwość wydawania
2 razy w roku
Języki
Angielski
Abstract

Providing good animal welfare standards is very important for wild animals in captivity, especially in zoos. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform a welfare assessment of elephants in the Skopje Zoo using species-specific protocols. Two specific protocols were used for the welfare assessment and were combined for a more unified approach. These protocols focused on the assessment of the elephant’s day-time behaviour, including Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA), as well as the following sections: nutrition, physical health, environment, behaviour and management. Data was collected from the Asian and African elephants that were housed together, in the Skopje Zoo. Both species were observed for three consecutive days, during which time QBA was performed and they were observed on their daytime behaviour. Feeding (42% African, 34% Asian elephant) and anticipatory (35% African, 22% Asian elephant) behaviour were predominantly observed daytime behaviours of both elephants, as well as stereotypic behaviour (30%) of the Asian elephant. Concerning the QBA, ‘uncomfortable’ (296 Asian, 234 African elephants) and ‘relaxed’ (271 Asian, 280 African elephants) were the most dominant descriptors for both elephants. The collected data indicated that the elephants were in good physical health. Regular feeding enrichment, as well as environmental enrichment was recommended. There is room for improvement concerning the management practices of the elephants.

Keywords

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