1. bookVolume 35 (2016): Issue 3 (September 2016)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
24 Aug 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Heavy Metals in Suburban Ecosystems of Industrial Centres and Ways of their Reduction

Published Online: 29 Sep 2016
Page range: 205 - 212
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
24 Aug 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

Technogenic contamination of ecosystems is one of the main dangers of our time. In order to reduce the harmful effects of this contamination and to provide cost-effective and environmentally safe food production methods, we are forced to look for ways of reliable analysis of the environmental situation, the selection systems of animal husbandry and regulations for the degree of impact of pollutants on the elements of the agroecosystem. This article presents the results of studies aimed at assessing the plight of the environment of a large industrial centre, and its anthropogenic impacts on every element of the suburban ecosystems. It presents data on maintenance and migration of anthropogenous pollutants in the trophic chains of pasturable ecosystems of the suburb of Volgograd. The authors have listed the industrial enterprises as the key sources of pollution. The features of the distribution of xenobiotics in the tissues and organs of calves and heifers of different breeds were analysed in the study. Conclusions were drawn on the accumulation of heavy metals and arsenic in cattle, and the impact of this factor on the quality of production. A comparative assessment of the resistance of different breeds of cows to the action of toxicants in the environment of the Lower Volga region was carried out. Ways to decrease the impact of pollutants on the cattle organism have also been suggested. The article pays attention to the environmental pollution of the industrial centre, the influence of these processes on all elements of an ecosystem including humans, and offers ways to minimize the damage.

Keywords

Belyaev, A.I. (2004). Development of methods for the rational use of resources, breed cattle for beef production in the Lower Volga region. An abstract of doctor of agricultural Science dissertation, Volgograd, Russian Federation.Search in Google Scholar

Kaydulina, A.A., Pen’kova, I.N. (2011). Meat efficiency and environmental safety of cattle fattening in the industrial. Proceedings of the Lower Volga agrouniversity complex: Science and Higher Vocational Education, 2(22), 117−123.Search in Google Scholar

López-Alonso, M. (2012). Trace minerals and livestock: Not too much not too little. ISRN Veterinary Science, 18. DOI: 10.5402/2012/704825.Search in Google Scholar

Osadchenko, I.M., Gorlov, I.F., Pen’kova, I.N. & Rivnyak T.T. (2004). Patent RUS 2251450 29.03.2004. Moscow: R.F.Search in Google Scholar

Pen’kova, I.N., Rivnyak, T.T., Onstratenko, N.V. (2005). Ecological aspects of milk production in a suburban area of Volgograd. Animal Husbandry, 6, 20−24.Search in Google Scholar

Pen’kova, I. N., Mishina, O. Y., Onistratenko, N.V. (2013). Meat yield and mineral composition of muscle tissue of cattle fattening in the industrial. Proceedings of Nizhnvolzhskiy agrouniversity complex: science and higher vocational education (pp. 128−134).Search in Google Scholar

Thornton, Ph. K. (2010). Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects. Philos Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci., 365(1554), 2853–2867. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0134.Search in Google Scholar

Wanapat, M., Kang, S., Khejornsart, P. & Wanapat S. (2013). Effects of plant herb combination supplementation on rumen fermentation and nutrient digestibility in beef cattle. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci., 26(8), 1127−1136. DOI: 10.5713/ajas.2013.13013.Search in Google Scholar

Zelepukhin, A.G. & Levahin V.I. (2000). Beef cattle. Orenburg, Russian Federation: Publishing House of the Orenburg State University.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo