1. bookVolume 13 (2021): Issue 3 (December 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2068-2956
First Published
16 Jul 2014
Publication timeframe
3 times per year
Languages
English, German
access type Open Access

John Hunyadi in Hungarian Folklore and Historiography

Published Online: 30 Dec 2021
Page range: 16 - 29
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2068-2956
First Published
16 Jul 2014
Publication timeframe
3 times per year
Languages
English, German
Abstract

The folk epic songs of a nation are often associated with heroic actions of famous historical figures of the given nation, whose names are often known beyond Balkan folklore, thus becoming characters of epic folk songs and tales preserved in South Slavic or Romanian folklore. The paper analyses Hungarian, Serbian, and Romanian folklore sources about John Hunyadi’s ethnic origin, with the intention to present the biography of this historical figure from the aspect of Hungarian historiography and his folklore heritage through the eyes of some Hungarian and Serbian folklorists. One of these emblematic heroes was certainly John Hunyadi, whose feats (as well as the feats of other members of the Hunyadi family) are told throughout the cycles of Hungarian epic folk tales, as well as the folk tales of the peoples in the surrounding area. This paper is based on the analysis of the collection of Hungarian historical folk tales by Dénes Lengyel, which contains a dozen texts about John Hunyadi. These texts have several points of contact with Romanian and Serbian history and folklore. The second part of the paper presents the biography of John Hunyadi in the light of Hungarian historiography as well as the discussion of his origins.

Keywords

Čajkanović, Veselin. 1924. Gostoprimstvo i teofanija [Hospitality and theophany]. Studije iz religije i folklora. Beograd. 1–25, 169–171. Search in Google Scholar

Dávid, András. 1973. Hunyadi János származáslegendájának magyar–délszláv párhuzamai [Hungarian–South Slavic parallels of John Hunyadi’s legend about his origins]. Tanulmányok 6 (A Magyar Tanszék Évkönyve). Újvidék. 57–74. Search in Google Scholar

Fiala, Endre. 1944. A Hunyadiak a délszláv mondákban [The Hunyadis in the South Slavic legends]. Kalangya 13: 121–123. Search in Google Scholar

Jelić, Ilija. 1931. Tragovi gostinske obljube kod našeg naroda [Traces of hospitality promises among our people]. Beograd, Biblioteka za pravne i društvene nauke, vol. 26. Search in Google Scholar

Jung, Károly. 2006. Hunyadi János származáslegendájának/származáslegendáinak kérdéséhez [To the legend(s) of origin of John Hunyadi]. Létünk 36(2): 26–51. Search in Google Scholar

Kubinyi, András. 2001. Mátyás király [King Matthias]. Budapest: Vince Kiadó. Search in Google Scholar

Lajti, István. 1919. Ki volt Jankó Szibinyáni? [Who was Janko Szibinyáni?]. Egyetemes Phiologiai Közlöny 43: 181–182. Search in Google Scholar

Lengyel, Dénes. 1978. Régi magyar mondák [Old Hungarian legends]. Budapest: Móra Ferenc. Search in Google Scholar

Maretić, Tomo. 1966. Naša narodna epika [Our folk epic]. Beograd: Nolit. Search in Google Scholar

Moravcsik, Gyula. 1922. A Szibinyáni Jank mondához [To the legend of Szibinyáni Jank]. Etnographia XXXIII(1): 96–99. Search in Google Scholar

Ređep, Jelka. 1964–1965. Motiv o rođenju Sibinjanin Janka u našoj staroj i narodnoj književnosti [Stories about the birth of John Hunyadi in our old and folk literature]. Godišnjak Filozofskog Fakulteta N. Sad, Tom: VIII. 189–219. Search in Google Scholar

Ređep, Jelka. 1969. Motiv o rođenju Sibinjanin Janka i mađarsko narodno predanje [Stories about the birth of John Hunyadi and Hungarian folklore]. Zbornik Matice srpske za književnost i jezik 1969/1: 100–108. Search in Google Scholar

Ređep, Jelka. 1978. Sibinjanin Janko u „Hronikama” grofa Đorđa Brankovića [John Hunyadi in Count George Brankovic’s “Chronicles”]. Naučni sastanak slavista u Vukove dane 8: 179–184.10.5840/idstudies19788211 Search in Google Scholar

Ređep, Jelka. 1992. Sibinjanin Janko Legenda o rođenju i smrti [John Hunyadi. The legend of birth and death]. Novi Sad: Slavija. Search in Google Scholar

Románecz, Mihály. 1890. A Szibinyáni-románcz kör a szerb népköltészetben [The Circle of Romance about John Hunyadi in Serbian folk poetry]. Pancsova: Wittigschlager C. nyomdája. Search in Google Scholar

Solymossy, Sándor. 1943. A Hunyadi-család eredete [The origin of the Hunyadi family]. A magyarság néprajza III. Szellemi néprajz I. Budapest. 194–198. Search in Google Scholar

Szegedy, Rezső. 1917. Ki volt Jankó Szibinyáni? [Who was Jankó Szibinyáni?]. Etnographia XXVIII: 35–42. Search in Google Scholar

Teke, Zsuzsa. 1980. Hunyadi János és kora [John Hunyadi and his era]. Budapest: Gondolat. Search in Google Scholar

Voigt, Vilmos. 2012. Mátyás király a magyar és európai folklórban [King Matthias in Hungarian and European folklore]. Híd LXXVI (8): 61–74. Search in Google Scholar

Magyar Életrajzi Lexikon. 1000–1990. Revised edition. Ed.: Ágnes Kenyeres. (available at: http://mek.oszk.hu/00300/00355/html/index.html, accessed on: 27.04.2019). Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo